Aneilema

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Aneilema
Aneilema aequinoctiale.jpg
Aneilema aequinoctiale flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Commelinales
Family: Commelinaceae
Subfamily: Commelinoideae
Tribe: Commelineae
Genus: Aneilema
R.Br.
Type species
A. biflorum
R.Br.
Synonyms[1]

Aneilema is a genus of monocotyledonous plants of approximately 60 species.[2] The vast majority of the species are native to sub-Saharan Africa, but a few are found in Oceania and one, Aneilema brasiliense, is from South America.[1] It is the third largest genus in the family Commelinaceae after Commelina and Tradescantia, and it is one of only six genera in the family to occur in both the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere.[2]

Aneilema consists of herbs that may be either perennial or annual. They are characterised by their zygomorphic flowers which, unlike the closely related genus Commelina, usually lack a modified leaf enclosing the flower stalk at maturity. The uppermost leaf on the flowering stalk is often highly modified, however, and in a few species, such as Aneilema clarkei, the upper leaf does completely surround the inflorescence. The flowering stalks of Aneilema tend to be much larger than those of Commelina, with some species having inflorescences of more than 25 cm in length, although some are as short as 2 cm.[2]

Species[1]
  1. Aneilema acuminatum R.Br. - New Guinea, Maluku, Solomon Islands, Queensland, New South Wales
  2. Aneilema aequinoctiale P.Beauv. - tropical + southern Africa
  3. Aneilema alatum Koord. - Java
  4. Aneilema angolense C.B.Clarke - Angola
  5. Aneilema aparine H.Perrier - Madagascar
  6. Aneilema arenicola Faden - KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique
  7. Aneilema benadirense Chiov. - Somalia
  8. Aneilema beniniense (P.Beauv.) Kunth - tropical Africa
  9. Aneilema biflorum R.Br. - Queensland, New South Wales
  10. Aneilema brasiliense C.B.Clarke - Brazil, Venezuela
  11. Aneilema brenanianum Faden - Kenya, Tanzania
  12. Aneilema brunneospermum Faden - Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa
  13. Aneilema calceolus Brenan - Kenya, Tanzania
  14. Aneilema chrysopogon Brenan - Zambia, Tanzania
  15. Aneilema clarkei Rendle - Kenya, Tanzania
  16. Aneilema dispermum Brenan - Malawi, Tanzania
  17. Aneilema dregeanum Kunth - Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa; naturalized in Vietnam
  18. Aneilema ephemerum Faden - Kenya
  19. Aneilema forsskalii Kunth - Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti, Yemen, Oman, Saudi Arabia
  20. Aneilema gillettii Brenan - Ethiopia, Kenya
  21. Aneilema grandibracteolatum Faden - Ethiopia
  22. Aneilema hirtum A.Rich. - eastern Africa from Ethiopia to Zambia
  23. Aneilema hockii De Wild - eastern + southern Africa
  24. Aneilema homblei De Wild - Zaïre
  25. Aneilema indehiscens Faden - eastern + southern Africa
  26. Aneilema johnstonii K.Schum. - eastern + southern Africa
  27. Aneilema lamuense Faden - Kenya, Somalia
  28. Aneilema lanceolatum Benth. - tropical Africa
  29. Aneilema leiocaule K.Schum. - eastern + central Africa
  30. Aneilema longicapsa Faden - Somalia
  31. Aneilema longirrhizum Faden - Northern Province of South Africa
  32. Aneilema macrorrhizum T.C.E.Fr. - Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia
  33. Aneilema minutiflorum Faden - Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
  34. Aneilema mortonii Brenan - Ghana, Togo
  35. Aneilema neocaledonicum Schltr. - Vanuatu, New Caledonia
  36. Aneilema nicholsonii C.B.Clarke - eastern + southern Africa
  37. Aneilema nyasense C.B.Clarke - southeastern Africa
  38. Aneilema obbiadense Chiov. - Somalia
  39. Aneilema paludosum A.Chev. - western Africa
  40. Aneilema pedunculosum C.B.Clarke - southeastern Africa
  41. Aneilema petersii (Hassk.) C.B.Clarke - eastern + southeastern Africa
  42. Aneilema plagiocapsa K.Schum. - Zaïre, Zambia, Angola
  43. Aneilema pomeridianum Stanf. & Brenan - Nigeria, Niger, Togo, Benin, Ghana
  44. Aneilema pusillum Chiov. - Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia
  45. Aneilema recurvatum Faden - Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania
  46. Aneilema rendlei C.B.Clarke - Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania
  47. Aneilema richardsiae Brenan - Zaïre, Zambia, Tanzania
  48. Aneilema schlechteri K.Schum. - Zimbabwe, Transvaal, Swaziland
  49. Aneilema sclerocarpum F.Muell. - Queensland
  50. Aneilema sebitense Faden - Kenya, Ethiopia
  51. Aneilema setiferum A.Chev. - western Africa
  52. Aneilema siliculosum R.Br. - Queensland, Northern Territory
  53. Aneilema silvaticum Brenan - Nigeria, Togo, Cameroon, Bioko, Zaïre
  54. Aneilema somaliense C.B.Clarke - Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia
  55. Aneilema spekei C.B.Clarke - eastern Africa
  56. Aneilema succulentum Faden - Kenya
  57. Aneilema tanaense Faden - Kwale District of Kenya
  58. Aneilema taylorii C.B.Clarke - Kenya, Tanzania
  59. Aneilema termitarium Faden - Zaïre, Zambia, Tanzania
  60. Aneilema trispermum Faden - Somalia
  61. Aneilema umbrosum (Vahl) Kunth - tropical Africa; tropical South America, Trinidad, Costa Rica, Panama
  62. Aneilema usambarense Faden - Usambara Mountains of Tanzania
  63. Aneilema welwitschii C.B.Clarke - central + southern Africa
  64. Aneilema woodii Faden - Yemen
  65. Aneilema zebrinum Chiov. ex Chiarugi - - Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, KwaZulu-Natal

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ a b c Faden, Robert (1991), "The Morphology and Taxonomy of Aneilema R. Brown (Commelinaceae)" (PDF), Smithsonian Contributions to Botany (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press) (76): 1–166, doi:10.5479/si.0081024X.76 

External links[edit]