Anemarrhena asphodeloides

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Anemarrhena asphodeloides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Anemarrhena
Species: A. asphodeloides
Binomial name
Anemarrhena asphodeloides
Bunge, 1833

Anemarrhena asphodeloides is a plant species in family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae, native to China, Korea, and Mongolia.[1][2] It is the only species in the genus, and some authors have placed it in its own family, Anemarrhenaceae.[3]

Traditional medicine[edit]

The plant name in China is zhi mu (知母, zhī mǔ)[4] and its rhizome is used in traditional medicine.[5] It is cited in Japanese Kampo herb list and is an ingredient in the Dabuyin Wan, Qingfei Yihuo Wan and Biyan Pian pills. It is used as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory,[6] anti-diabetic,[6] and antidepressant[7][medical citation needed] in Traditional Chinese medicine. It may assist learning,[8][non-primary source needed] and may have anti-liver cancer properties.[9][non-primary source needed] Mangiferin, a natural phenol from Anemarrhena asphodeloides or Mangifera indica, could significantly prevent progression of diabetic nephropathy and improve renal function.[10][non-primary source needed]

The plant contains the steroidal sapogenin sarsasapogenin and the xanthonoid mangiferin.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 24 Page 208, 知母 zhi mu, Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans. 2: 140. 1833.
  3. ^ Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Agavoideae 
  4. ^ Banu, Jameela, Erika Varela, and Gabriel Fernandes. "Alternative Therapies For The Prevention And Treatment Of Osteoporosis." Nutrition Reviews 70.1 (2012): 22-40. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
  5. ^ Ya, Wang, Feng Fang, and Wang Zhe. "Determination Of Selected Elements In Aqueous Extractions Of A Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula By ICP-MS And FAAS: Evaluation Of Formula Rationality." Analytical Letters 43.6 (2010): 983-992. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
  6. ^ a b Xie, W., and L. Du. "Diabetes Is An Inflammatory Disease: Evidence From Traditional Chinese Medicines." Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism 13.4 (2011): 289-301. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.
  7. ^ Antidepressant-like effects of sarsasapogenin from Anemarrhena asphodeloides BUNGE (Liliaceae). Ren LX. Luo YF. Li X. Zuo DY. Wu YL. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 29(11):2304-6, 2006 Nov
  8. ^ Mangiferin ameliorates scopolamine-induced learning deficits in mice. Jung K. Lee B. Han SJ. Ryu JH. Kim DH. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 32(2):242-6, 2009 Feb.
  9. ^ The apoptotic effect of sarsasapogenin from Anemarrhena asphodeloides on HepG2 human hepatoma cells. Bao W. Pan H. Lu M. Ni Y. Zhang R. Gong X. Cell Biology International. 31(9):887-92, 2007 Sep
  10. ^ Mangiferin prevents diabetic nephropathy progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Li X. Cui X. Sun X. Li X. Zhu Q. Li W. Phytotherapy Research. 24(6):893-9, 2010 Jun.

External links[edit]