Anemone narcissiflora

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Anemone narcissiflora
Anemone narcissifolia.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Anemone
Species: A. narcissiflora
Binomial name
Anemone narcissiflora
L.

Anemone narcissiflora, the narcissus anemone[1] or narcissus-flowered anemone, is a herbaceous perennial in the genus Anemone and the buttercup family.

Description[edit]

Plants grow 7 to 60 cm (2 34 to 23 12 inches) tall, from a caudex (woody-like perennial base), flowering spring to mid summer but often found flowering till late summer. They have 3-10 basal leaves that are ternate (arranged with three leaflets), rounded to rounded triangular in shape with 4-to-20-millimetre (532-to-2532-inch) long petioles.

The flowers are produced in clusters (umbels) with 2 to 8 flowers, but often appear singly. The inflorescence have 3 leaf-like bracts similar in appearance to the basal leaves but simple and greatly reduced in size, pinnatifid in shape. Flowers have no petals, but instead have 5-9 petal-like sepals that are white, blue-tinted white or yellow in color. The flowers usually have 40 to 80 stamens but can have up to 100.

After flowering, fruits are produced in rounded heads with 5–14-centimetre (2–5 12-inch) long pedicels. When the fruits, called achenes, are ripe they are ellipsoid to ovate in outline, flat in shape and 5 to 9 millimetres (316 to 1132 in) long and 4–6 millimetres (53214 in) wide. The achenes are winged with no hairs and have 0.8–1.5-millimetre (0.031–0.059-inch) long beaks that are curved or recurved.

Distribution[edit]

Anemone narcissiflora is native to north western North America and Eurasia where it can be found growing in high mountain alpine grasslands, in thickets, grassy meadows with moist soils, tundra, open woods, along roadsides and in pastures.

Varieties[edit]

This species is very variable and at least 12 varieties are generally recognized with even more proposed by other authorities. The name of the species has been in dispute and some have listed it as Anemone narcissifolia but Anemone narcissiflora was proposed for conservation.[2]

Three varieties are native to North America:

  • Anemone narcissiflora L. var. villosissima DC. - Alaska
  • Anemone narcissiflora L. var. monantha DC. - Alaska and Eastern Yukon and Northern Northwest Territories in Canada
  • Anemone narcissiflora L. var. zephyra (A. Nels.) Dutton & Keener – Colorado and Wyoming

The others are from Eurasia.

Gallery[edit]

Flower
on July 27, 2002
on Mount Tsubakuro
Leaf
on August 5, 2007
on Mount Kita
Seed
on August 16, 2007
on Mt. Kita
Natural garden
on July 27, 2002
on Mt. Tsubakuro
Anemone narcissiflora in Mount Tsubakuro 2002-07-27.jpg
Anemone narcissiflora 03.jpg
Anemone narcissiflora 14.jpg
Anemone narcissiflora in Mount Tsubakuro add 2002-07-27.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anemone narcissiflora". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  2. ^ Dutton, Bryan E.; Keener, Carl S.; Ford, Bruce A. "Anemone narcissiflora". Flora of North America (FNA). Missouri Botanical Garden – via eFloras.org. 

External links[edit]