Anetta Kahane

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Anetta Kahane (2014)

Anetta Kahane (born 1954 in East Berlin) is a German journalist, author and activist against antisemitism, racism and right-wing extremism. From 1974 to 1982 she was an unofficial collaborator for the East German Stasi secret police. In 1998 she founded the Amadeu Antonio Foundation, which she has led since 2003. She has been a target of right wing hate campaigns since 2002 and of possible terror plans since 2015, which are investigated by the German General prosecutor.

Family background and youth[edit]

Kahane's parents Max Kahane and Doris Kahane (born Machol) were secular Jews who fled from Nazi Germany in 1933. Max Kahane fought in the Spanish Civil War against General Francisco Franco and later in the French Resistance against the Nazis. In a prison camp of the Vichy Regime he met Doris Machol, who was also active in the Resistance.[1] They married in 1945, moved to East Berlin, became loyal citizens of the German Democratic Republic and members of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany.[2]

Kahane is the youngest of three children. Following Max Kahane's jobs as a journalist for the East German news agency and state media, the family lived in New Delhi (India) from 1957 to 1960, in Rio de Janeiro in 1963.[3] Like other Holocaust survivors her parents did not speak about their experience of persecution, but their psychological traumas influenced Kahane.[4] In school Kahane was open about her Judaism, against her parents will.[5]

Student and Stasi Informer[edit]

Beginning in 1974 Kahane studied Latin American studies in Rostock.[6] That year the Stasi questioned her about the defection of her best friend. She agreed to work for the Stasi as an unofficial collaborator.[7] She met a Stasi officer six times a year on average, and reported her observations about West German tourists and other foreigners. At first the Stasi noted that she incriminated friends and fellow students, but soon they noted her to be unreliable and hard to manage.[8] She reported once about the artists Thomas Brasch and Klaus Brasch, which the Stasi had categorized as "enemies of the GDR", and confirmed that judgement without specifics.[9]

From 1979 she continued her studies at Humboldt University of Berlin and taught the Portuguese language.[10] In 1979 and 1981 she worked as a translator for GDR engineering projects in São Tomé and Príncipe and Mozambique, where she observed East German officials behaving in a racist and condescending manner towards black Africans.[11] In 1982 she refused to continue as a Stasi informant[12] and as a result she lost the ability to travel outside the GDR,[8] her position at the university, and most of her translation work.[13]

From 1983 to at least 1988 the Stasi had her under surveillance.[14] In 1986 she applied to leave the GDR. In 1990, when the GDR had dissolved, she admitted to her friends that she had been a Stasi informant, but decided not to publicize it.[15]

In 2002 Kahanes past as a former Stasi informant became known. In 2004, in her autobiography, she reported in detail about this past[16] and admitted to be very ashamed of it.[17] In 2012 on her behalf the political scientist Helmut Müller-Enbergs explored the Stasi documents about her case. He found no indications, that her reports caused any damage to observed persons, but he did not exclude disadvantages her reports might have caused in general. He also found that she received no awards or other advantages.[8]

Activism[edit]

From 1988 Kahane was active in the civil rights movement of the GDR opposition, and supported foreigners and minorities. She participated in the East German Round Table.[18] In 1990 she was appointed to be the first and last official for foreigners of the East Berlin Senate.[19] After witnessing street violence and attacks on Sinti, Romani people, Africans and Vietnamese, she engaged constantly against daily racism. She pressured the city leadership to transform former military barracks into housing for eastern European migrants and refugees.[20]

Since 1989 Kahane has initiated many associations for issues of foreigners, and became a respected expert on this topic. Responding to increased racist violence in the former East Germany, in 1998 Kahane initiated the Amadeu Antonio Foundation as an organised effort to combat xenophobia, antisemitism and right-wing extremism. In 2012 she was awarded the Moses Mendelssohn prize for her work, donated by the Senate of Berlin. In 2015, she followed an invitation of the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection to take part in a task force against hate speech on social media.[21]

Kahane is a regular columnist for Berliner Zeitung[22] and Frankfurter Rundschau.[23]

Threats[edit]

During investigations on the network of the suspected right wing terrorist and Bundeswehr soldier Franco Albrecht it became known, that he may have planned to kill Kahane. According to Redaktionsnetzwerk Deutschland (RND), investigators found a list of possible targets in an appointment folder of the soldier, Kahane among them. They also found notes of a planned travel route: Franco Albrecht wanted to drive with his motorcycle from his hometown Offenbach am Main to Berlin. An accomplice should have brought him a shotgun. Albrecht also had photographs of cars belonging to members of the Berlin bureau of the Amadeu Antonio Stiftung and was witnessed practicing with a sniper rifle. Prosecutors interprete these hints as a plan to kill Anetta Kahane.[24]

Publications[edit]

  • Ich durfte, die anderen mussten. In: Vincent von Wroblewsky (ed): Zwischen Thora und Trabant: Juden in der DDR. Aufbau-Verlag, Berlin 1993, ISBN 978-3-7466-7011-9, p. 124–144 (German)
  • Ich sehe was, was du nicht siehst: meine deutschen Geschichten. Rowohlt, Berlin 2004, ISBN 978-3-87134-470-1 (German)

Awards[edit]

  • 1991: Theodor-Heuss-Medallie[25]
  • 2002: Moses-Mendelssohn-Preis of Berlin[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ulla Plener (Hrsg.): Frauen aus Deutschland in der französischen Résistance. Eine Dokumentation. Edition Bodoni, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-929390-90-6, S. 284
  2. ^ Anetta Kahane: Ich sehe was, was du nicht siehst, Berlin 2004, S. 36
  3. ^ Anetta Kahane: Vorsitzende Amadeu Antonio Stiftung im Gespräch mit Jochen Kölsch alpha-Forum, br.de, April 24, 2014, PDF-Datei
  4. ^ Anetta Kahane: Ich sehe was, was du nicht siehst, Berlin 2004, S. 34–44; Gerald Beyrodt: Stumme Ausgrenzung. Juden in der DDR. Deutschlandfunk Kultur, November 6, 2009]; Antisemitismus in Deutschland. Anetta Kahane im Interview mit Gerald Beyrodt. Deutschlandfunk, November 9, 2017
  5. ^ Anetta Kahane: Ich sehe was, was du nicht siehst, Berlin 2004, S. 52
  6. ^ Zur Person: Kahane, Anetta. BR alpha, April 1, 2014
  7. ^ Heribert Prantl: Anetta Kahane. Den Mond nach Berlin holen. In: Heribert Prantl: Was ein Einzelner vermag. Politische Zeitgeschichten. Süddeutsche Zeitung Edition, München 2016, ISBN 978-3-86497-352-9, S. 205
  8. ^ a b c Helmut Müller-Enbergs: Zusammenfassende gutachterliche Stellungnahme zu Frau Anetta Kahane und die DDR-Staatssicherheit. Amadeu Antonio Stiftung, November 26, 2014
  9. ^ Uwe Müller: Birthler-Behörde ließ Stasi-Spitzel einladen. Welt online, September 25, 2007
  10. ^ Anetta Kahane: Vorsitzende Amadeu Antonio Stiftung im Gespräch mit Jochen Kölsch alpha-Forum, br.de, April 24, 2014
  11. ^ Martin Jander: Rezension zu: Kahane, Anetta: Ich sehe was, was du nicht siehst. Meine deutschen Geschichten. Berlin 2004. In: H-Soz-Kult, November 3, 2004
  12. ^ Peter Schneider: Anetta Kahane und die Amadeu Antonio Stiftung. In: Peter Schneider: An der Schönheit kann's nicht liegen, München 2016, S. 232
  13. ^ Anetta Kahane im Gespräch mit Jochen Kölsch. In: Bayerischer Rundfunk, alpha-Forum, April 1, 2014
  14. ^ Helmut Müller-Enbergs: Ergänzung zur zusammenfassenden gutachterlichen Stellungnahme zu Frau Anetta Kahane und die DDR-Staatssicherheit. (Amadeu Antonio Stiftung, Januar 17, 2017)
  15. ^ Peter Schneider: Anetta Kahane und die Amadeu Antonio Stiftung. In: Peter Schneider: An der Schönheit kann’s nicht liegen. Berlin – Porträt einer ewig unfertigen Stadt. München 2016, S. 234
  16. ^ Offene Worte zur IM-Tätigkeit. Tagesspiegel, March 24, 2004
  17. ^ Peter Schneider: Anetta Kahane und die Amadeu Antonio Stiftung. In: Peter Schneider: An der Schönheit kann’s nicht liegen. Berlin – Porträt einer ewig unfertigen Stadt. München 2016, S. 231
  18. ^ Teilnehmerliste der Sitzung AG-Ausländerfragen am 2. Jan. 1990. Bundesarchiv
  19. ^ Andrea Böhm: "...enorm viel Verständnis auch für die Deutschen". taz Berlin, May 10, 1990
  20. ^ Heribert Prantl: Anetta Kahane. Den Mond nach Berlin holen. In: ders.: Was ein Einzelner vermag. Politische Zeitgeschichten. München 2016, S. 200f
  21. ^ Gemeinsam gegen Hassbotschaften – Task Force stellt Ergebnisse vor. bmjv.de, December 15, 2015
  22. ^ "Articles by Anetta Kahane". Berliner Zeitung.
  23. ^ "Anetta Kahane alle News und Informationen - Frankfurter Rundschau". Archived from the original on 2016-01-12. Retrieved 2016-07-16.
  24. ^ "Offizier unter Terrorverdacht: Ermittlern liegen schriftliche Anschlagspläne von Franco A. vor". Hessischer Rundfunk. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  25. ^ "Theodor Heuss Preis 1991" (PDF). Theodor-heuss-stiftung.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-07-16.
  26. ^ "MOSES-MENDELSSOHN-PREIS 2002 AN ANETTA KAHANE". Berlin.de (in German). Retrieved 2016-07-16.