Angaataha language

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Angaatiha
Native toPapua New Guinea
RegionMorobe Province
Native speakers
2,100 (2003)[2]
Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-3agm[1]
Glottologanga1290[3]

Angaatiha (Angaatiya, Angaataha) is the most divergent of the Angan languages in the Trans-New Guinea language family. Also known as Langimar, the language is native to the Menyanya District of Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. As of 2003 it was estimated that the language consists of approximately 2,100 speakers. Ethnic speakers of the region who speak Angaatiha are called Angaatiya.[4] The status of the language is categorized as a level 5 developing language.[5]

Like most languages spoken in Papua New Guinea, Angaatiha contains the subject-object-verb word order[6] and utilizes the Latin script.[7]

The Angaatiha language is notable for its usage of varying pragmatic sequencing dependent on whether a sentence contains temporal or logical information.[8]

Classification[edit]

American linguist Merritt Ruhlen gave the following classification of Angaatiha in his book A Guide to the World's Languages Volume 1: Classification[9]:

  • Indo-pacific Languages
    • New World Languages
      • Major
        • Central-Western
          • Angan
            • Language of Angaatiha

Temporal and Logical Sequencing[edit]

The Angaatiha language features two forms of pragmatic sequencing, each respectively reserved for situations that require conveying temporal and logical information. Both temporal and logical sequencing have been described as having either "loose" and "tight" relationships between sentences. Much like that of the Kâte language, also spoken in the Morobe Province of Papua New Guinea, "tight" and "loose" sequencing in Angaatiha holds a relationship of "continuing pragmatic effects from one event to the next" versus "a lingering pragmatic effect that continues indefinitely."[8]

Language Sample[edit]

The following is an translated sample of Angaatiha of the Book of Genesis of the Bible:

Angaatiha:

Nsihi aimihuraari Autaahaatiho yamihapatuni yapipatuni ahaitantaihi kahapaamipipa nopisasinati ahontaise. Ahotihi Autaahaatihomi Itipiho kaiwaami autaahi ntaayataise. Iyataati nahataapipihi asihatamataise. Asihatamasihi Autaahaatiho santaase saasanetane tihi saasanentaise. Saasanetihi Autaahaatiho imonatati nkaatihi otapihaate ta ampihintaase. Iyati asihatintihanti yantihi apatihe ta ampihintaase. Iyati kaihi asisiha nsiha noaipataise. Aihi Autaahaatiho santaase waapoho natapaatati wo autaahi niyonihi wo yatihi noti nimantane ntaase. Tihi kiyati noaipataise. Aihi waapoho tipitapaatimpipihapi yamihapate ta ampihintaase. Aihi siyati kaihi asisiha kapiha sanausotaise.[10]

English:

"In the beginning God created heaven and earth. The earth was formless and empty, and darkness covered the deep water. The spirit of God was hovering over the water. Then God said, "Let there be light!" So there was light. God saw the light was good. So God separated the light from the darkness. God named the light "day", and the darkness he named "night". There was evening, then morning, the first day. Then God said, "Let there be a horizon in the middle of the water in order to separate the water". So God made the horizon and separated the water above and below the horizon. And so it was. God named what was above the horizon "sky". There was evening, then morning, a second day."

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Documentation for ISO 639 identifier: agm".
  2. ^ [1]/ Angaatiha at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Angaataha". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ "Angaataha". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  5. ^ "Angaataha". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  6. ^ Matthew S. Dryer. 2013. Order of Subject, Object and Verb. In: Dryer, Matthew S. & Haspelmath, Martin (eds.) The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. (Available online at http://wals.info/chapter/81, Accessed on 2018-03-09.)
  7. ^ "Angaataha". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  8. ^ a b Grimes, Joseph Evans (1975). The Thread of Discourse. Walter de Gruyter. p. 40. ISBN 9789027931641.
  9. ^ Merritt Ruhlen. "A Guide to the World's Languages, Vol. 1: Classification", 1987, str. 301–378
  10. ^ "Angaatiha Language Sample".