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Northern Gateway to Ernakulam
St. George Syro-Malabar Basilica, Angamaly
Angamaly is located in Kerala
Location in Kerala, India
Angamaly is located in India
Angamaly (India)
Coordinates: 10°11′46″N 76°23′10″E / 10.196°N 76.386°E / 10.196; 76.386Coordinates: 10°11′46″N 76°23′10″E / 10.196°N 76.386°E / 10.196; 76.386
Country India
City UAKochi
31 m (102 ft)
 • Total33,465
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0484
Vehicle registrationKL-63
Sex ratio0.9689 /
Author V.B John ,Actor Chemban Vinod and Antony Varghese, Musician Abin James living in Angamaly. Roji M John is the current MLA
Angamaly Junction

Angamaly (Aṅkamāli), IPA: [ɐŋgɐmɐːli], is a municipality and the northernmost tip of Ernakulam district. Situated about 30 km (19 mi) north of the city centre, the town lies at the intersection of Main Central Road (MC Road) and National Highway 544. MC Road, which starts from Thiruvananthapuram ends at Angamaly at its intersection with NH 544. Also Known as the Airport City as Cochin International Airport is Less than 10KM away from the town of Angamaly.

Originally established as a panchayat in May 1952, Angamaly became a municipality in April 1978 and is also a Legislative Assembly constituency from 1965 in the Ernakulam district.

The area is known for the Angamaly police firing in 1959, when police opened fire on protesters who had been demonstrating against Kerala's communist government.

Angamaly is one of the ancient Christian centres of Kerala. There are eighteen and half "Sharries"[clarification needed] around Angamaly and there is a history of Buddhist monks in the area.

Nayathode near Angamaly is the birth place of Great poet G. Sankara Kurup, (3 June 1901 – 2 February 1978) better known as Mahakavi G, who was an Indian poet, essayist and literary critic of Malayalam literature. Known as one of the greats of Malayalam poetry, he was the first recipient of the Jnanpith Award―the highest Indian literary honor, when it was instituted in 1965.


Angamaly Carnival 2012

Angamaly is well connected by all means of transport. Cochin International Airport is in the vicinity of Angamaly.

Angamaly railway station, where all major trains stop, serves as a major connectivity point for people from the eastern side of the district to the rest of the country. The railway station is the fifth busiest in Greater Kochi in terms of passenger footfalls and revenue generated, after Ernakulam Junction railway station, Ernakulam Town railway station, Aluva railway station and Tripunithura railway station. There is a proposed railway line from Angamaly to Sabarimala, which will connect the high-ranges with the low land. Progress toward completing the new line is slow as a result of various regional and political issues. The project has however, obtained a new lease of life after the Government of Kerala agreeing to bear half the cost for the project in January 2021. [1]

National Highway 544 connecting Kanyakumari to Salem passes through Angamaly. The NH 17 which connects Kochi and Mumbai is 20 kilometers from Angamaly. Main Central Road (M.C. Road) connecting Central Kerala to Kerala capital serves as an important road connecting many towns in the eastern side of the state.

'Manjaly thodu' which flows through Angamaly, was a major waterway and Angadikadavu near the old church was an important trade centre in the olden days where spices, rice, bamboo and other agriculture and hill products were sent to the old port of Mozoories. Manjaly thodu is part of the new National Waterways programme and is getting developed.

Angamali is enriched with cultural and devotional centers. There are many old churches which are centuries old with well defined frescoes and other murals which are also known for certain historical meetings and decisions that shaped the modern Christianity in the entire India. The new Catholic church built at the heart of the town is regarded as the biggest of its kind in India.[citation needed] Vembiliyam Mahadev temple, Paddupusha Bhagavathi temple, Thirunayathodu temple, Krishnaswamy temple, Vengoor Durga Devi temple, Kidangooru temple, Kothakulangara temple, Jain temple, Elavuru temple, Muzhikulam temple are all Hindu pilgrim centres near to Angamaly. There are also several hospitals and educational institutions in the locality.

Angamaly has a state-owned industrial estate at its southern end which has numerous renowned factories. Kerala State Bamboo Corporation Ltd. has its headquarters at Angamaly. There are several small-scale cracker manufacturing units in the surrounding areas. Angamaly have a decent contribution to literature in form of books like Kaatadiyanthramgal.

The importance of Angamaly today is mainly revolved around it being a stone's throw away from Kochi city. The town is on the verge of being assimilated with the fast growing city, with the proposed New Kochi Bypass project (from Karayamparambu to Nettoor) starting just north of,[2] and Kochi Metro phase 3 being proposed to Angamaly as well as Cochin International Airport.

The proposed Kochi Global Industrial Finance and Trade (GIFT) city under the Kochi-Bengaluru National Industrial Corridor is proposed at Ayyampuzha, which is close to Angamaly.[3] These developments are expected to catapult Angamaly as a very important part of Kochi city in the immediate future.


Although recorded history does not exist about the origins of Angamaly, legends and local folklore attribute the name Angamaly to the grounds where battles (Ankam in Malayalam language) were conducted at a myal (attributed as a plain ground). Hence a very old battle ground.

Another legend is that the word Ankamaly is derived from Akamaly I.e.inland port area.

Several old coins and other artefacts found from the region tells this area was predominant with Buddhists and Jains in very old time. The 18 and a 1/2 viharas around Angamaly is a proof for this. Malayatoor, which is Christian devotional centre, is very near to Angamaly. It is said[by whom?] that St. Thomas, the Apostlate who was deputed to the region by Jesus Christ came via Angadikadavu in Angamaly using Manjali thodu to come from Kodungaloor port at AD 58. There are evidence for the churches in the locality built as early as AD 409 and AD 822.[citation needed] It was the headquarters of Mar Abraham, Assyrian-Chaldean Catholic Archbishop of Angamaly and Hind in the sixteenth century.

Kalady, the birthplace of Adi Sri Sankara is only 7 kilometers from here, it is there the Sanskrit University situates.

Historians records that a massive flood around the 16th century AD made the Angamaly river to change the course forced itself to flow through Aluva area. Now the river is called Chalakudy river and is the fifth longest river in Kerala. Meanwhile, the river in Angamaly became a lesser canal and there by got the name Manjaly thodu.

Angamaly Police firing[edit]

The Angamaly Firing was an incident that took place in Angamaly, Kerala, on 13 June 1959, when police opened fire on protesters who had been demonstrating against Kerala's communist government. Seven people were killed resulting in the intensification of Vimochana Samaram, a protest against the then communist led government.[4] Incidentally, it happened on the 50th birthday of E. M. S. Namboothiripad, the then Chief Minister of Kerala.

Places of interest[edit]

Mar Hormizd Syro-Malabar Church Angamaly
  • Mahagony thottam – a picnic spot on the banks of Periyar river is 27 km (17 mi) away.
  • Ezhattumugham, Kerala – Another picnic spot is 8 km (5.0 mi) away
  • Kalady Adi Sankara Keerthisthambham, Sringeri Mutt complex and Crocodile Ghat are 8 km (5.0 mi) away.
  • Thirunayathode Sivanarayana Temple – Built by Cheraman Perumal Nayanar in the 800s AD.[citation needed]
  • Cochin International Airport - Angamaly is the nearest city to Cochin International Airport. (5 km (3.1 mi) away)
  • Kallil Temple is a revered Jain shrine established from the 9th century.[citation needed] Kallil literally meaning "in stone" is a temple located in a vast expanse of 28 acres. This rock cut temple can be reached after a short trek up 120 steps. The temple is managed presently by Chenkottukonam Sree Ramadasashramam. It was originally owned by the Kallil Pisharody family and hence name Kallil Devi temple. Dedicated to Durga Devi, the temple has a structure of Brahma carved at the peak of the rock. The triad of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are all worshiped in this temple. This shrine also enshrines Jain deities namely Padmavati Devi (worshipped as Durga Devi by devotees), Parshvanath and Mahavira. It is believed that Kallil family had once followed Jainism. It is 26 km (16 mi) from Angamaly.


  • Transformers And Electricals Kerala Ltd.(TELK) is Located in Angamaly, producing and setting up High Voltage equipment in the region. Started off as a technical and financial collaboration between Govt. of Kerala and Hitachi of Japan, now it is a JV between Govt. of Kerala and NTPC Limited, TELK manufactures Extra High Voltage Power Transformers (up to 315 MVA, 420 kV) and other equipment (CT, PT, Bushings) up to 420 kV class.
  • Tolins Tyres Private Limited is a Kerala-based Tyre Manufacturing MNC. Now producing LCV, Car Radials, Two Wheeler and Three Wheeler Tyres. They are considered the market leader in Precured Tread Rubber Industry. Having factories in more than 7 countries, they are one of the Prominent Brands of Kerala.
  • Kerala State Bamboo Corporation S.Angamaly
  • National Paints Factory S.Angamaly
  • Kancor Ingredients Limited S.Angamaly
  • KAMCO Trillers and Parts, Athani
  • Kochin KAGAZ paper Mill, Karukutti
  • Kinfra Industries park, Champannoor
  • Moolans Group - Vijay & Jay Food Products - Exporters of Spices & other food products world wide since 1986
  • Mothers Rice Mill
  • Peters Rice Mills
  • Origo Education - (Vyapara Bhavan, near KSRTC Bus stand, Angamaly)
  • Techpep technologies - Located inside the INKEL Business park near Transformers And Electricals Kerala Ltd.(TELK), providing web development and software development services
  • Sparkz web design - Web Technologies, Angamaly


Angamaly is a constituency in the Kerala legislative assembly .The Angamaly assembly constituency is part of Chalakudy (Lok Sabha constituency).

Angamaly is a municipality.

Constituency Name of Constituency Leader Party
Parliament Chalakudy Benny Behanan UDF
Assembly Angamaly Roji M John UDF
Municipality Angamaly Reji Mathew UDF



As of 2011 India census, Angamaly had a population of 33,465. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Angamaly has an average literacy rate of 96.47%, higher than the national average of 74.04%; 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.religion-christianity-71.89%, hinduism-27.03%, islam-0.83%.


  • St. Xavier's Public School, Peechanikadu, Angamaly (CBSE)
  • Viswajyothi CMI Public School
  • Jyothis central school (ICSC) manjapra
  • Adam Public School(CBSE)
  • Holy Family Higher Secondary School
  • St: Joseph's Higher Secondary School Angamaly
  • St. Patrick's Academy(ICSE)
  • Don Bosco central School(ICSE)
  • Vidyadhiraja Vidyabhavan School(CBSE)
  • De Paul E.M.H.S.S
  • Govt. Hr. Secondary School, Manjapra
  • Govt. Hr. Secondary School, Puliyanam
  • Govt. Hr. Secondary School, Mookanur
  • Sree Sarada Vidyalaya(CBSE)
  • M.G.M.H.S.S, Nayathode(Mahakavi G Memorial Higher Secondary School)
  • Naipunnya Public School (CBSE), Edakkunnu.
  • Sacred Heart Public School, Mookannur (CBSE)
  • Sanjo English Medium School, Vengoor.
  • Star Jesus High School, Karukutty.
  • Star Jesus Higher Secondary School, Karukutty.
  • St. Thomas U.P. School, Karukutty.
  • St. Joseph's Girls High School, Karukutty.
  • St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School, Karukutty.
  • Sacred Heart Orphanage High school mookkannur
  • Tiny Woods Pre School, Angamaly
  • S N D P school Neeleeswaram
  • St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School, Kidangoor.


  • St:Anns college
  • De Paul Institute of Science and technology [DIST]
  • Federal Institute of Science and Technology [FISAT]
  • SCMS School of Engineering and Technology [SSET]
  • Adi Shankara Institute of Engineering and Technology [ASIET]
  • Sree Sankara College for Arts and Science
  • Little flower institute of medical science and research.
  • Morning Star Home Science College for Girls


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Radhakrishnan, S. Anil (6 January 2021). "Kerala to share cost of Sabarimala rail project" – via
  2. ^ Paul, John L. (17 February 2018). "NHAI fixes alignment for proposed Angamaly-Kundannoor NH Bypass" – via
  3. ^ "GIFT City to be eco-friendly, without manufacturing unit". The New Indian Express.
  4. ^ Angamaly police firing
  5. ^ Fr. Varghese Pathikulangara CMI (2011). Divine Praises in Aramaic Tradition (PDF). Kottayam: Denha Services. p. 48. ISBN 978-93-81207-02-4.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India, for History and large number of photos on Angamaly
  8. ^ Indian Church History Classics, Vol. I, The Nazranies,1998
  9. ^ Kaniamparambil, Chor Episcopos V. Rev. Curian, "The Fame of Angamali Church and Holiness of Mor Kurilos" (Malayalam). Ambattu Mor Kurilos Centenary Souvenir (Ankamaly, India: St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Church), ( published 1991)

External links[edit]