The angel was an English gold coin introduced by Edward IV in 1465. It was patterned after the French angelot or ange, which had been issued since 1340. The name derived from its representation of the archangel Michael slaying a dragon. As it was considered a new issue of the noble, it was also called the angel-noble.
In 1472, the half-angel was introduced with a similar design weighing 40 grains (2.6 grams) with a diameter of 20 to 21 millimeters.
Reverse: Depicts a ship with arms and rays of sun at the masthead. Legend: per crucem tuam salva nos christe redemptor, meaning "By Thy cross save us, Christ Redeemer."
- In 1526 during the reign of Henry VIII, it increased to seven shillings and six pence (7 s. 6 d.) or 90 pence.
- In 1544, it increased again to eight shillings (8 s.) or 96 pence.
- In 1550 during the reign of Edward VI it increased to ten shillings (10 s.) or 120 pence or £1⁄2.
- In 1612 during the reign of James I it increased to eleven shillings (11 s.) or 132 pence.
- In 1619 it decreased to ten shillings (10 s.) and at that point in time it weighed 70 grains (4.5 g).
The angel was traditionally given to sufferers of the disease known as "king's evil", in a mediaeval ceremony intended to heal them with the "royal touch". After it was no longer minted, medals with the same device (called touch pieces) were given instead.
The 1610 General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in Glasgow was named after the coins. M'Crie writes: "The bribery practised at this Assembly was shamefully notorious. Golden coins, called angels, were so plentifully distributed among the ministers, that it was called, by way of derision, the angelical Assembly."
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Angel", Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 6
- M'Crie, Thomas (1875). The story of the Scottish church : from the Reformation to the Disruption. London: Blackie & Son. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 (9th ed.), 1878, p. 28 ,
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