Angel Dust (Faith No More album)
|Studio album by Faith No More|
|Released||June 8, 1992|
|Recorded||January – March 1992 at Coast Recorders and Brilliant Studios San Francisco, California|
|Faith No More chronology|
Angel Dust is the fourth studio album by American rock band Faith No More. It was first released through Slash Records on June 8, 1992 in Europe and the United States. It is the follow-up to 1989's highly successful The Real Thing, as well as the band's final studio album with guitarist Jim Martin and the second to feature vocalist Mike Patton. It was the first album in which Patton had any substantial influence on the band's music, having been hired after the other band members had written and recorded everything for The Real Thing except vocals and some lyrics.
It remains Faith No More's best-selling album outside the United States (where, as of November 2010, it has sold 678,000 copies). The album and subsequent tour were very successful in Europe where it went Platinum on sales of more than one million copies and Gold in Australia with more than 35,000 sales. Worldwide sales are around 2.5 million copies.
On March 2, 2015 a deluxe edition containing previous unreleased tracks was released via Slash Records.
- 1 Background, title and artwork
- 2 Writing process
- 3 Recording process
- 4 Touring and support
- 5 Critical reception and legacy
- 6 Track listing
- 7 Bonus discs
- 8 Personnel
- 9 Certification/Sales
- 10 Accolades
- 11 Chart performance
- 12 Release histories
- 13 References
- 14 Notes
Background, title and artwork
Following the success of their previous album, The Real Thing and its subsequent tour, Faith No More took a break for a year and a half before beginning work on the follow-up, Angel Dust. During this time Mike Patton rejoined his high-school band Mr. Bungle to record their eponymous début album. This situation had an effect on the band, since drummer Mike Bordin thought the writing process was like the state of a "magic slate" having been "completely covered in writing; there was not any more room for any more writing on that slate, so we all went and said all right, and erased everything, and started writing new stuff," and Patton was creatively revitalized. They decided not to "play it safe" and instead took a different musical direction, much to the dismay of guitarist Jim Martin. Martin also didn't like the title of the album as chosen by keyboardist Roddy Bottum. In an interview taken while they were in the studio he said that "Roddy [Bottum] wanted to name it Angel Dust, I don't know why, I just want you to know that if it's named Angel Dust, it didn't have anything to do with me.
Bottum stated that he chose the name because it "summed up what [they] did perfectly" in that "it's a really beautiful name for a really hideous drug and that should make people think." The artwork similarly put a beautiful face on a horrible image by depicting a soft blue airbrushed egret on the front cover, photographed by Werner Krutein, while on the back is an image of a cow hanging on a meat hook, created by Mark Burnstein. Both bassist Billy Gould and Mike Bordin said that the image on the rear of the album is not based on any opposition to vegetarianism but rather a preview of the music, suggesting its combination of being "really aggressive and disturbing and then really soothing", the "beautiful with the sick".
The photo of a group of Russian soldiers with the band members' faces inserted was edited by Werner Krutein and used as the cover of the "Midlife Crisis" single. The band had originally planned for this but then did not like the final product. Mike Bordin described the situation:
|“||That was a thing the record company really tried to foist on us. They really tried to fuck with our layout, and sent us these fucking pictures of us, just our heads. It was like this, they wanted us to have a poster inside the record consisted of our five heads on a black background, everything was black, the whole inside, and it's like, 'Fuck you.' We're going to make our cover, we made our record, we produced it our way, we wrote our songs, we played them our way, it sounds like us.||”|
The single cover is similar to that of Led Zeppelin II, which features the faces of the members of Led Zeppelin and others airbrushed into a 1917 photograph of Jagdstaffel 11, a German airplane squadron of the First World War led by Manfred von Richthofen (the "Red Baron").
The writing for Angel Dust took up most of 1991 with large portion of the songs being written by either Billy Gould, Roddy Bottum, Mike Bordin, and for the first time, Mike Patton. Regarding this Patton said:
|“||There had never been any question of my staying in the band. We started writing the music for this album, and being part of something so fundamental was what made sure of it for me. The Real Thing had been like someone else's, someone else's band, it had felt like an obligatory thing. They hadn't needed a damn singer, it was just that they had to have a singer. That's why I was there, that's why Chuck was there, we weren't needed there.||”|
Some attributed this to its sonic difference with its predecessors, however, Mike Patton credits it to being "better at playing what [they] hear in [their] heads" and went on to say that "before, we used to kinda cheat around, and play around what it was. We could never translate it into the band, and we're getting better at doing that. Like, we wanted to do a real lazy, sappy kinda ballad, so we covered the theme from Midnight Cowboy! And there's even a song that sounds like The Carpenters!" In a trend that started when then-vocalist Chuck Mosley lived in Los Angeles while the rest of the band resided in the Bay Area, the band would record demo tapes of the songs and exchange them between each other in Los Angeles before sending them to Jim Martin so that he could work on his guitar arrangements after which he would send them back for approval.
The lyrics for Angel Dust were written for the most part by vocalist Mike Patton. He got his inspiration for the lyrics from many different places such as questions from the Oxford Capacity Analysis, fortune cookies and late-night television. After engaging in a sleep deprivation experiment, he wrote "Land of Sunshine" and "Caffeine": "I drove around a lot in my Honda, drove to a real bad area of town, parked and just watched people. Coffee shops and white-trash diner-type places were great for inspiration."
Songs with lyricists other than Patton include "Be Aggressive" by Roddy Bottum (about fellatio); "Everything's Ruined", by Mike Patton and Billy Gould; "Kindergarten" by Mike Patton and Roddy Bottum; and "Jizzlobber", by Jim Martin and Mike Patton, which according to Patton, is about his fear of imprisonment. However, Gould, in response to a question by a fan, suggested that the song is about a porn star.
For the recording of Angel Dust, Faith No More, were once again assisted by Matt Wallace, who had produced all the group's previous studio recordings. They entered Coast Recorders in January 1992, originally set to track a total of 17 songs; however after writing two more while in studio ("Malpractice" being one of them), a total of 19 were recorded. At this time, the final titles had not been chosen, and they were often referred with the following working titles, some of which continued to be used in their live set lists:
- "Triplet" – "Caffeine"
- "Madonna" – "Midlife Crisis"
- "Macaroni and Cheese", "Country Western Song" – "RV"
- "Arabic", "The Arabian Song" – "Smaller and Smaller"
- "F Sharp" – "Kindergarten"
- "I Swallow" – "Be Aggressive"
- "Japanese" – "A Small Victory"
- "Action Adventure" – "Crack Hitler"
- "The Sample Song" – "The World Is Yours"
- "The Carpenters Song" – "Everything's Ruined"
- "The Funk Song" - "Land of Sunshine"
- "The Shuffle Song"/"Seagull Song" – unreleased recording.
While 13 tracks were released on the standard album, the sessions also produced a cover of the Commodores' "Easy", a reworking of the previously recorded "As the Worm Turns", and the posthumously released "The World is Yours". While the songs "Das Schutzenfest" and the Dead Kennedys' cover "Let's Lynch the Landlord" were both released along with "Easy" on an EP in late 1992, at least one of these songs was not actually not recorded during the Angel Dust sessions: "Let's Lynch the Landlord" was recorded in Bill Gould's bedroom and produced by the band prior to the Angel Dust sessions for "Virus 100", a Dead Kennedy's tribute album. While it is unclear as to whether or not "Das Schutzenfest" is from the Angel Dust sessions, Matt Wallace is listed as the engineer for this song but is given no producer credit (in contrast with the co-producer credit he is given for Angel Dust).
There were many samples used on Angel Dust, to the point that it was called a "gratuitous" amount and record label executives were concerned about the volume of samples used. They came from such sources as Simon and Garfunkel, Diamanda Galás, Z'EV, and The Wizard of Oz. The Simon and Garfunkel sample is from the first bar of their song "Cecilia" and appears throughout the drum track of "Midlife Crisis". "Malpractice" contains a four-second sample of the second movement of Dmitri Shostakovich's String Quartet No. 8 as performed by the Kronos Quartet, on their album Black Angels; track 8, "Allegro molto", at 2:10. It features in four points towards the end of the song at 2:56, 3:02, 3:22 and 3:26. Many of the original samples used in the songs were recorded by Roddy on a Digital Audio Tape recorder whilst "just whilst wandering out and about". "Crack Hitler", as well as featuring samples of sirens in the background, features a sample in the intro of Iris Lettieri reading a flight announcement at the Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport,. She then tried to sue the band for using her voice without permission. There are also samples of aboriginal chanting, amongst the sound effects from Sound Ideas, in the background of "Smaller and Smaller". Also, a brief succession of sounds, including a police car siren and a warp noise, similar to what Frank Zappa abundantly made use of on his album Joe's Garage is recognizable in the song "A Small Victory". The song "Midlife Crisis" contains a sample of "Car Thief" by the Beastie Boys. The intro of "Caffeine" features sounds of animals, of which monkeys and a wolf can be distinguished. The b-side "The World is Yours" by far featured the most samples of any songs, and was even referred to as "The Sample Song" by the band. The intro alone features a death sentence by rapid fire (the words "Aim. Fire!" can be heard), and an elephant. The bridge of the song includes a recording of Bud Dwyer's suicide that was broadcast on TV in 1987.
Touring and support
Faith No More started the tour to promote Angel Dust shortly after the album's completion on the European leg of the Use Your Illusion Tour with Guns N' Roses and Soundgarden, which Roddy described as a "complete European vacation" due to their light concert schedule. In an interview taken on June 6, 1992 Billy said:
|“||This is really just the beginning for us, Last time we toured, with The Real Thing, I left home at the age of 26 and got back when I was 28. Some of my friends had moved away, some had gotten married, some had had kids—I had a hard time dealing with that. This time I'm 29, and I know I'm gonna be on the road until I'm 31. Fuck, I don't even wanna think about it.||”|
They continued on this tour through the North America leg with Guns N' Roses and Metallica before splitting off on their own European tour through Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, seven performances from November 4 – 11 in Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria, 3 more performances in Germany, Belgium, Germany again, the Netherlands, Wales, England, where they played at the Cambridge Corn Exchange on November 23 then 3 nights straight at the Brixton Academy from November 25 – 27 and on the following night at the NEC Arena in Birmingham before going through Ireland, Scotland, where they played the first 4 nights of December in the Barrowland Ballroom before going back through England, Belgium, 3 performances from the December 8 – 10 in France, 3 performances from the December 12 – 14 in Spain, France again, Italy, Switzerland and Austria again before having a break for Christmas and New Year. They began touring America again in mid January 1993 in Seattle, Washington, and finishing in Utah a month later in mid February. Towards the end of April till mid May they toured through Australia and New Zealand before returning to Europe for a show in Germany on May 29 and the following day in Vienna then in Budapest. On June 2 they played at Ahoy Rotterdam followed by 4 performances in Germany from June 3 – 7 and one in the Czech Republic on June 20. Towards the end of June they performed on individual nights in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Portugal then a few days later on July 3 – 4 in Torhout and Werchter, Belgium followed by one last show in Germany, on July 9, and a headline show at Ruisrock Festival in Turku, Finland July 10 before the final show of the tour in Stratford Upon Avon on July 17.
Critical reception and legacy
Angel Dust was met with extensive critical acclaim. One critic wrote that the album is "one of the more complex and simply confounding records ever released by a major label" and similarly, another called it "the most uncommercial follow-up to a hit record ever". The single "A Small Victory" is described as a song "which seems to run Madame Butterfly through Metallica and Nile Rodgers, reveals a developing facility for combining unlikely elements into startlingly original concoctions".
The songs "Malpractice" and "Jizzlobber" have been called "art-damaged death metal" and "nerve-frazzling apocalyptic rock" by contrast with the "accordion-propelled" Midnight Cowboy theme cover that follows. Allmusic calls the album a "bizarro masterpiece", citing the vocals as "smarter and more accomplished" than its predecessor The Real Thing. It gave the album 4.5 stars out of 5, calling it one of their album picks. Kerrang! reviewer was less enthusiastic, considering Angel Dust's variety of styles "a personality disorder which undermines its potential greatness".
The album was also called an "Album of the Year" in 1992 by seven different publications in four countries, making the top 10 in three of them and the top position in one, and was also named the "Most Influential Album of all Time" by Kerrang! despite an initially lukewarm review.
|1.||"Land of Sunshine"||Patton||Gould, Bottum||3:44|
|3.||"Midlife Crisis"||Patton||Bottum, Bordin, Gould, Patton||4:21|
|4.||"RV"||Patton||Bottum, Patton, Gould||3:43|
|5.||"Smaller and Smaller"||Patton||Gould, Bordin, Bottum, Wallace||5:11|
|6.||"Everything's Ruined"||Patton, Gould||Gould, Bottum, Patton||4:33|
|8.||"Kindergarten"||Patton, Bottum||Gould, Martin||4:31|
|10.||"A Small Victory"||Patton||Gould, Bottum, Bordin, Patton||4:57|
|11.||"Crack Hitler"||Patton||Gould, Bottum, Bordin||4:39|
|13.||"Midnight Cowboy" (Instrumental)||—||John Barry||4:12|
|14.||"Easy" (post-1992 re-issues only)||Lionel Richie||Richie||3:04|
|15.||"As the Worm Turns" (Japanese bonus track)||Mosley||Bottum, Gould, Mosley||2:39|
|2015 Deluxe Edition (Disc 2)|
|1.||"Easy" (Cooler Version)||Richie||Richie||3:09|
|2.||"Das Schutzenfest"||Patton||Bottum, Bordin, Gould, Patton, Martin||2:58|
|3.||"As The Worm Turns"||Mosley||Bottum, Gould, Mosley||2:41|
|4.||"Let's Lynch The Landlord"||Jello Biafra||Biafra||2:55|
|5.||"Midlife Crisis" (Video Mix)||Patton||Bottum, Bordin, Gould, Patton||3:53|
|6.||"A Small Victory" (R-Evolution 23 (Full Moon) Mix)||Patton||Gould, Bottum, Bordin, Patton||7:21|
|7.||"Easy" (Live in Munich 11/9/1992)||Richie||Richie||3:12|
|8.||"Be Aggressive" (Live in Munich 11/9/1992)||Bottum||Bottum||3:42|
|9.||"Kindergarten" (Live in Munich 11/9/1992)||Patton, Bottum||Gould, Martin||4:17|
|10.||"A Small Victory" (Live in Munich 11/9/1992)||Patton||Gould, Bottum, Bordin, Patton||4:52|
|11.||"Mark Bowen" (Live in Munich 11/9/1992)||Gould, Mosley||Gould, Bordin||3:16|
|12.||"We Care a Lot" (Live in Munich 11/9/1992)||Bottum, Mosley||Gould, Bottum||3:59|
|13.||"Midlife Crisis" (Live in Dekalb, IL 9/20/1992)||Patton||Bottum, Bordin, Gould, Patton||3:34|
|14.||"Land of Sunshine" (Live in Dekalb, IL 9/20/1992)||Patton||Gould, Bottum||3:38|
|15.||"Edge of the World" (Live in St. Louis, MO 9/18/1992)||Patton||Gould, Bottum, Bordin||3:16|
|16.||"RV" (Live in Dekalb, IL 9/20/1992)||Patton||Bottum, Patton, Gould||3:52|
|17.||"The World is Yours"||Patton||Bottum, Bordin, Gould, Patton, Martin||5:52|
There were several different bonus discs released with various editions and formats of the album.
Free Concert in the Park
This disc came with the third and fourth pressings of the Australian release, it contains four tracks labeled to be from a free concert at Munich, Germany on November 9, 1992. Although the date is correct, the venue is not, as it was recorded at Grugahalle Essen. (Cat no. D30953 and TVD93378 (RMD53378) respectively).
- "Easy" – 3:06
- "Be Aggressive" – 4:12
- "Kindergarten" – 4:15
- "Mark Bowen" – 3:17
Woodpecker from Mars
This disc was a promotional release on Limited Edition pressings of Angel Dust in France. On the back it reads "ne peut être vendu séparément, offert avec l'album 'Angel Dust' dans la limite des stocks disponibles", which translates to "offered with the album Angel Dust while stocks last, not to be sold separately"
- "Woodpecker from Mars" (Live from Norwich, 1990)
- "Underwater Love" (Live from Brixton, April 28, 1990)
Midlife Crisis 12"
This disc was released with Limited Edition UK LPs as a Double Vinyl Pack. The first disc (with or without the bonus disc) lacked the tracks "Crack Hitler" and "Midnight Cowboy"; the track "Smaller and Smaller" appeared as the last track (Cat no. 828 326-1).
- "Midlife Crisis (The Scream Mix)" – 3:56
- "Crack Hitler" – 4:39
- "Midnight Cowboy" – 4:13
This disc was a promotional release on Limited Edition pressings of Angel Dust in Europe released on August 24, 1992 (Cat no. 828 321-2), and was also released separately in a slimline case (Cat no. FNMCD3). The questions were printed inside the packaging with answers on the CD lasting 18:41.
|1.||"Its three years since your last studio album. Are you nervous about releasing the new album?"|
|2.||"How do you feel about releasing Angel Dust?"|
|3.||"What inspired Angel Dust?"|
|4.||"When did you start recording Angel Dust?"|
|5.||"What was your major concern when you came to record the album?"|
|6.||"Was it an enjoyable experience recording Angel Dust?"|
|7.||"What frame of mind were you in when you recorded Angel Dust?"|
|8.||"What difference did it make this time round having mike involved from the very start of the project?"|
|9.||"Is there anything you weren’t happy about?"|
|10.||"The title Angel Dust is not a track on the album. What's the story behind it?"|
|11.||"What made you choose the title of the album?"|
|12.||"Where does the inspiration come for your songs?"|
|13.||"Do you all usually agree on the songs?"|
|14.||"How do you write your songs?"|
|15.||"Do you deliberately set out to provoke with your songs?"|
|16.||"Did you record much material for the album?"|
|17.||"Why did you choose to do a cover of 'midnight cowboy'?"|
|18.||"What is "Crack Hitler" about?"|
|19.||"What's "A Small Victory" about?"|
|20.||"Why did you choose to work with producer Matt Wallace again?"|
|21.||"How does Angel Dust compare to your last studio album The Real Thing?"|
|22.||"What changes have taken place between the two albums?"|
|23.||"Do you think you diluted or compromised your sound in a way to make it more commercially palatable?"|
|24.||"What do you think the press will have to say about Angel Dust?"|
|25.||"Are you affected by what the critics say?"|
|26.||"How do you feel about fame?"|
|27.||"What difference has success made to you?"|
|28.||"Do you think your original fans have stuck by you as you’ve moved up the scale?"|
|29.||"Do you get nervous playing stadium gigs in front of thousands of fans?"|
|30.||"What was your worst ever gig?"|
|31.||"Does the band have a sense of humour?"|
- Mike Bordin – drums
- Roddy Bottum – keyboards
- Billy Gould – bass
- Jim Martin – guitars
- Mike Patton – vocals, melodica on "Midnight Cowboy"
- Matt Wallace – producer, engineer, mixing
- David Bryson – co-mixing
- Adam Munoz, Craig Doubet, Gibbs Chapman, Lindsay Valentine, Nikki Tafrallin – assistant engineering
- John Golden – mastering
- Kim Champagne – artwork direction
- Ross Halfin – band photo
- Wernher Krutein – bird photo, Red Square photo adaptation
- Mark Burnstein – meat photo
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||678,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||60,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
|1992||Musik Express Sounds||Germany||"Albums of the Year"||1|||
|1992||Raw magazine||United Kingdom||"Albums of the Year"||8|||
|1992||Vox||United Kingdom||"Albums of the Year"||10|||
|1992||The Face||United Kingdom||"Albums of the Year"||17|||
|1992||The Village Voice||United States||"Albums of the Year"||26|||
|1992||Muziekkrant OOR||Netherlands||"Albums of the Year"||36|||
|1992||Q||United Kingdom||"Albums of the Year"||*|||
|1995||Raw magazine||United Kingdom||"90 Essential Albums of the 90s"||*|||
|1996||Visions||Germany||"The Best Albums 1991-96"||*|||
|1999||Panorama||Norway||"The 30 Best Albums of the Year 1970-98"||3|||
|1999||Visions||Germany||"The Most Important Albums of the 90s"||22|||
|2000||Terrorizer||United Kingdom||"The 100 Most Important Albums of the 90s"||*|||
|2002||Revolver||United States||"The 69 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time"||36|||
|2003||Kerrang!||United Kingdom||"50 Most Influential Albums of all Time"||1|||
|2006||Metal Hammer||United Kingdom||"The 200 Greatest Albums of the 90s"||*|||
|"*" denotes an unordered list.|
|UK Albums Chart||2|||
|Ö3 Austria Top 40||4|||
|German Album Charts||8|||
|Swiss Album Chart||9|||
|U.S. Billboard 200||10|||
|Swedish Album Charts||18|||
|Dutch Album Charts||22|||
|Year||Title||Peak Chart positions|
|"A Small Victory"||—||—||11||84||—||—||—||—||—||—||29|
|"—" denotes singles that were released but did not chart.|
- In 2008 Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab remastered re-released Angel Dust on CD and LP.
|United Kingdom||June 8, 1992||Slash, London||828 326-1||Limited Edition, Includes the Midlife Crisis 12".|||
|828 401-1||Does not include tracks 11 & 13|
|Brazil||Slash, London, PolyGram||Does not include tracks 11 & 13, Labelled as "Polvo de Angel"|
|United States||June 8, 1992||Slash, Reprise||9 26785-2||First|||
|Canada||June 16, 1992||CD 26785-2|||
|United Kingdom||June 8, 1992||Slash, London||828 321-2||Early copies came with the Interview bonus disc.|
|France||Early copies came with the Woodpecker From Mars disc.|
|Brazil||London, PolyGram||828 321-2|
|'Red Square' picture disc.|||
|Japan||June 12, 1992||Slash, London||POCD-1081||with extra track "As the Worm Turns".|
|South Africa||Slash, RPM||CDSLASH2|
|Czechoslovakia||Slash, London, Globus||210 134-2||Gold Edition, 1000 individually numbered copies with gold discs.|
|United Kingdom||January 29, 1993||Slash, London||828 401-2||Second||with extra track "Easy".|||
|Japan||POCD-1111||with extra tracks "Easy" and "As the Worm Turns".|
|Brazil||London, PolyGram||828 401-2||with extra track "Easy".|
|'Bird photo' picture disc with "Easy" and Free Concert in the Park.|||
|Third||'Bird photo' picture disc with "Easy" and Free Concert in the Park.|
|Slash, London||828 401-2||Polydor generation re-release|
|United Kingdom||Slash, Liberation||TVD93378
|'Bird photo' picture disc with "Easy" and Free Concert in the Park.|||
|3984 28200 2||with extra track "Easy".|||
|United States||July 2008||MoFi, Rhino||UDCD 787||First||Album has been completely remastered from the original master tapes by Rob LoVerde at Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab under license from Warner Bros. Incorporated. Manufactured by Rhino. Does not contain extra track 'Easy'.|||
|United States||June 8, 1992||Slash, Reprise||9 26785-4||Early copies came in a rectangular LP art picture box.|||
|United Kingdom||Slash, London||828 321-4|
|Australia||Slash, Liberation||??? ???|
|Brazil||London, PolyGram||828 401-4||Second pressings with extra track "Easy"|
|United Kingdom||January 29, 1993||Slash, London|
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