Angeles National Forest
|Angeles National Forest|
IUCN category VI (protected area with sustainable use of natural resources)
The San Gabriel Mountains, part of the Angeles National Forest. The southwest view from Islip Saddle shows Bear Creek, a tributary of the San Gabriel River that lies within the San Gabriel Wilderness, and Twin Peaks 7,761 feet (2,366 m).
|Location||Los Angeles, San Bernardino, and Ventura counties, California, USA|
|Nearest city||Arcadia, CA|
|Area||655,387 acres (2,652 km2)|
|Established||July 1, 1908|
|Governing body||U.S. Forest Service|
The Angeles National Forest (ANF) of the U.S. Forest Service is located in Los Angeles County, southern California, United States and has the San Gabriel Mountains within it. The forest was established on July 1, 1908, incorporating the first San Bernardino National Forest and parts of the former Santa Barbara and San Gabriel National Forests. It covers 700,176 acres (1,094.0 sq mi; 2,833.5 km2) and is located just north of the densely inhabited metropolitan area of Los Angeles.
A small part extends eastward into southwestern San Bernardino County, in the Mount San Antonio ("Mount Baldy") area. A tiny section also extends westward into northeastern Ventura County, in the Lake Piru area. Forest headquarters are in Arcadia, California.
The Angeles National Forest manages the habitats, flora and fauna ecosystems, and watersheds. Some of the rivers with watersheds within its boundaries provide valuable non-groundwater recharge water for Southern California. The existing protected and restored native vegetation absorb and slow surface runoff of rainwater to minimize severe floods and landslides in adjacent communities. The land within the Forest is diverse, both in appearance and terrain. Elevations range from 1,200 to 10,064 ft (365 to 3,067 m). The Pacific Crest Trail crosses the forest.
- 1 Natural history
- 2 History
- 3 Plant life and geography
- 4 Access
- 5 Ranger Districts
- 6 Statistics and general information
- 7 Mountain peaks
- 8 Water sports
- 9 Volunteer organizations
- 10 Gallery
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
The San Gabriel Forest Reserve was established on December 20, 1892, the San Bernardino Forest Reserve on February 25, 1893, and the Santa Barbara Forest Reserve on December 22, 1903. They became National Forests on March 4, 1907, and they were combined on July 1, 1908, with all of the San Bernardino forest and portions of San Gabriel forest and Santa Barbara forest composing the new Angeles National Forest. On September 30, 1925, portions of the Angeles National Forest and the Cleveland National Forest were detached to re-establish the San Bernardino National Forest.
More than 161,000 acres (650 km2) of the forest were burned by an arson fire that began on August 26, 2009, near Angeles Crest Highway in La Cañada and quickly spread, fueled by dry brush that had not burned for over 150 years. The fire burned for more than a month and was the worst in Los Angeles County history, charring one-fourth of the forest (250 square miles), displacing wildlife, and destroying 91 homes, cabins and outbuildings and the family-owned Hidden Springs cafe. During the fire, two firefighters died after driving off the Mt.Gleason County Road looking for an alternate route to get the inmates out at Camp 16.
The "Station Fire" threatened the Mount Wilson Observatory atop Mt. Wilson. The site includes two telescopes, two solar towers, and transmitters for 22 television stations, several FM radio stations, and police and fire department emergency channels.
Fires in 2012
Several fires occurred during 2012, burning hundreds of acres across the forest-covered mountain range.
Plant life and geography
Tree species for which the forest is important include bigcone Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga macrocarpa), Coulter Pine (Pinus coulteri), and California Walnut (Juglans californica). The National Forest also contains some 29,000 acres (12,000 ha) of old growth, with: Jeffrey Pine (Pinus jeffreyi) forests and mixed conifer forests (Coast Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii), Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa), and White Fir (Abies concolor)), and Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) the most abundant types.
- Cucamonga Wilderness (mostly in San Bernardino NF)
- Magic Mountain Wilderness
- Pleasant View Ridge Wilderness
- San Gabriel Wilderness
- Sheep Mountain Wilderness (partly in San Bernardino NF)
A National Forest Adventure Pass is required for parking at many locations in the Angeles National Forest and other National Forests in Southern California, and this can be obtained online or from visitor centers and local merchants. Los Angeles County has declared that passes are not required on county-maintained roads. There are also many other areas that do not require the pass.
- Santa Clara/Mojave Rivers District
- Station: Santa Clarita
- Los Angeles River District
- Station: San Fernando
- San Gabriel River District
- Station: Glendora
Statistics and general information
- Acres of land: 700,176 (2652 km²)
- Wilderness areas acres: 80,284 (324.9 km²)
- Miles of roads: 1,032 (1661 km)
- Visitor centers: 4
- Information centers: 4
- Fire lookout towers: 2
- Recreational residences: 505
- Picnic areas: 36
- Campgrounds: 66
- Ski areas: 2
- Entrance stations: 2
- Trailheads: 53
- Trail miles: 697 (1122 km)
- Off highway vehicle areas: 3
- Off highway vehicle route miles: 261 (420 km)
- Wilderness areas: 5
- Lakes and reservoirs: 10
- Rivers and stream miles: 240
- Sensitive plant: 22
- Sensitive wildlife: 23
- Threatened & endangered species: 16
Mountain peaks within the National Forest include:
- Mount San Antonio 10,064 ft (3,067 m) also known as "Mt. Baldy"
- Pine Mountain 9,648 ft (2,940 m)
- Dawson Peak 9,575 ft (2,918 m)
- South Mount Hawkins 7,783 ft (2,372 m) Lookout destroyed in Curve Fire 2002
- Vetter Mountain 5,908 ft (1,800 m ) Site of historic Vetter Mountain Fire lookout tower
- Mount Wilson 5,710 ft (1,740 m) also providing the location of the Mount Wilson Observatory
- Mount Islip 8,250 ft (2,514m) Site of historic Mt. Islip fire lookout tower 
- Mount Baden-Powell 9,407 ft (2,867 m)
- Mount Burnham
- Throop Peak
- Mount Disappointment (California)
- Echo Mountain
- Mount Harwood
- Iron Mountain (Los Angeles County)
- Mount Lowe (California)
- San Gabriel Peak 6,164 ft (1878 m)
- Telegraph Peak
- Mount Lukens 5,074 ft (1547 m)
- Mount Gleason 6,502 ft
- Waterman Mountain
- Pyramid Lake is located next to Interstate 5 (take Smokey Bear exit), 20 miles (32 km) north of Magic Mountain Amusement Park in Valencia, CA.
- Castaic Lake is located 7 miles (11 km) north of Magic Mountain Amusement Park in Valencia, CA just off Interstate 5 (take Lake Hughes exit.) The lake is managed by the L.A. County Department of Parks and Recreation
- Elizabeth Lake is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) west of Palmdale, CA on Elizabeth Lake Rd.
- Angeles National Forest Fire Lookout Association: Restoration and operation of fire lookout towers in the ANF
- Altadena Mountain Rescue Team: Saving lives through mountain rescue and safety education
- Sierra Madre Search & Rescue: A group of dedicated volunteers committed to saving lives in the wilderness
- San Gabriel Mountains Trailbuilders: California's hiking and nature trail repair group
- West Fork Conservancy: Maintains the West Fork of the San Gabriel River and Beer Creek
- Angeles Volunteer Association: Organizes Visitor Center information, trail repair, and a broad spectrum of forestry efforts
- Fisheries Resource Volunteer Corps: works with the Forest Service, helping with various projects during the year
- San Dimas Mountain Rescue Team: Highly trained mountain rescue team
- Los Angeles County Sheriff's Air Rescue 5: Volunteer Reserve Deputy Sheriffs are paid $1 a year for their work
- San Gabriel Mountains National Monument
- Henninger Flats
- Los Padres National Forest—adjacent northwest
- San Bernardino National Forest—adjacent east
- "Angeles National Forest". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
- Lockman, Ronald F., 1981. Guarding the Forests of Southern California: Evolving Attitudes Towad Conservation of Watershed, Woodlands, and Wilderness (Glendale: A. H. Clarke).
- Davis, Richard C. (September 29, 2005), National Forests of the United States (PDF), The Forest History Society
- "Plague squirrel closes Calif. campgrounds". USA Today. July 26, 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- Warbington, Ralph; Beardsley, Debby (2002), 2002 Estimates of Old Growth Forests on the 18 National Forests of the Pacific Southwest Region, United States Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region
- "Angeles Passes and Permits". Angeles Permits. Archived from the original on 9 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-14.
- Sierra Madre Search & Rescue
- San Gabriel Mountain Trailbuilders
- West Fork Conservancy
- Angeles Volunteer Association
- Fisheries Resource Volunteer Corps
- San Dimas Mountain Rescue Team
- Russ Leadabrand, A Guide o the San Gabriel Mountains of California (L.A.: Ritche Press, 1963).
- John W. Robinson, The San Gabriels: Southern California Mountain Country (San Marino: Goldwest Books, 1977).
- W. W. Robinson, The Forest and the People: The Story of the Angeles National Forest (LA: Title and Trust Insurance co., 1946).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Angeles National Forest.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Angeles National Forest.|
- Official Angeles National Forest website—at National Forest Service (Accessed 05/Dec/14)
- Crystal Lake Recreation Area—Largest campground in the Angeles National Forest (Accessed 05/Dev/14)
- Southern California Trails at Local Hikes (Accessed 05/Dev/14)
- Hiking Trails around Wrightwood, in the Angeles National Forest—Wrightwood Hiking Trails (Accessed 05/Dev/14)
- Mountains around Wrightwood, in the Angeles National Forest—San Gabriel Mountains (Accessed 05/Dev/14)
- Canyons and Valleys around Wrightwood, in the Angeles National Forest—Canyons and Valleys in the Angeles National Forest (Accessed 05/Dev/14)