Angelica, New York
|Angelica, New York|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Robert L. Jones (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||36.4 sq mi (94.4 km2)|
|• Land||36.4 sq mi (94.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|• Density||39/sq mi (14.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST)|
Angelica is a town in the middle of Allegany County, New York, United States. The population was 1,403 at the 2010 census. The town's name is from Angelica Schuyler Church, Philip Schuyler's daughter, Alexander Hamilton's sister-in-law, and the wife of John Barker Church. The town was named by Philip Church, who was one of the original white settlers of the area, and the son of Angelica and John Barker Church. The village of Angelica is located within this town.
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The area was first settled around 1802 at Angelica village. The town of Angelica was formed in 1805 from the town of Leicester in Livingston County, before Allegany County was formed. Angelica is the oldest town in Allegany County. The town hall is housed in the Old Allegany County Courthouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Belvidere was also listed in 1972, and the Moses Van Campen House was listed in 2004.
John Barker Church was a British-born merchant who made a fortune supplying the American and French armies during the Revolutionary war and helped fund the war. He married Angelica Schuyler Church, the eldest daughter of General Philip Schuyler. Angelica Church's sister Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton was married to Alexander Hamilton. In 1797, the young United States paid back its war debt to Church in the form of 100,000 acres of land in Western New York. John and Angelica Church's son Philip travelled to what is now Allegheny and Genessee Counties to take possession of the land, with his surveyor Moses Van Campen. A planned village was laid out with the plots and design to be reminiscent of Paris, France (a circular drive in the center, streets coming to that drive to form a star, and five churches situated around the circle). In the center of the circular drive is the village park. Philip named his planned village Angelica, after his mother.
The historian John S. Minard wrote of the town's establishment in Allegany County and Its People (1896):
"The town was formed by an act of the Legislature, passed Feb. 25, 1805, and described as "being in width twelve miles," just that of the Morris Reserve, and in length "from south to north extending thirty-four miles from the Pennsylvania line," taking in about two-thirds of the towns of Granger and Grove. It was taken from Leicester, and when erected was a part of Genesee county. (The village had been founded three or four years before, and named by Capt. Philip Church for his mother, Angelica, the eldest daughter of Gen. Philip Schuyler."
Philip left to marry Anna Matilda Stewart, daughter of General Walter Stewart (founder of the Erie Canal and Erie Railroad) in Philadelphia. For their honeymoon, they traveled first by boat, then by raft as far west as Bath, New York, then on horseback to the banks of the Genesee River. They constructed a small house, soon to be whitewashed and known as the "white house". In 1804, they had their mansion built (known as "Belvidere"). It still stands on the banks of the Genesee near Angelica, New York.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.4 square miles (94.4 km2), of which 36.4 square miles (94.3 km2) is land and 0.039 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.10%, is water.
The Genesee River flows northward through the southwest part of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,411 people, 564 households, and 382 families residing in the town. The population density was 38.7 people per square mile (14.9/km²). There were 774 housing units at an average density of 21.2 per square mile (8.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.87% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.35% of the population.
There were 564 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $37,891. Males had a median income of $28,958 versus $21,328 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,348. About 8.1% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Angelica
- Angelica – The village of Angelica is centrally located in the town. It was formerly the county seat.
- Bald Mountain – A prominent hill northeast of Angelica village.
- Angelica Creek – A tributary of the Genesee River flows through the town and village.
- Calvin Fairbank (1816–1898), abolitionist minister, lived in Angelica and is buried in the Until the Day Dawn Cemetery.
- Oliver Willcox Norton (1839–1920) was born in Angelica 17 December 1839. In 1861 Norton joined the 83rd Pennsylvania Volunteers. In July 1862, at Harrison's Landing (now Berkeley Plantation), Virginia, Norton, as regimental bugler, was the first ever to play "Taps", which was written then and there by Gen. Daniel Butterfield, the regimental commander. After the war, Norton moved to the Chicago area where, with his younger brother Edwin, he founded the Norton Bros. Tin Can & Plate Co., a predecessor of the American Can Company.
- William B. Rochester, former US Congressman
- Judson W. Sherman, former US Congressman
- William Mervale Smith,  Civil War Surgeon of the 85th New York Volunteer Infantry, faithfully kept a diary of his Civil War experiences. Smith's introspective musings cover matters both professional and personal, from the horror of battle and the almost equally terrible politics of war to his deepest longings and questions about love and spirituality. While some diarists wrote self-consciously, anticipating eventual publication of their words, Smith's entries, as author Thomas Lowry explains, "are of such a personal and self-revelatory nature that we can reasonably conclude that he wrote to himself alone, as a sort of spiritual exercise of self-communication.
- Cornelius Mortimer Treat (1817-1916), Wisconsin farmer, teacher, and farmer, was born in Angelica.
- Harvey Ellis (1852-1904), Arts & Crafts movement architect, artist and peer/sometime employee of Gustav Stickley is widely accepted as the designer of the Frank Sullivan-Smith or Frank Smith house located in Angelica.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Angelica has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Angelica town, Allegany County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Henry Gannett, The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, 1905, page 25
- John Warner Barber, Henry Howe, Historical Collections of the State of New York, 1842, page 57
- John W. Barber, Historical Collections of the State of New York, 1851, page 53
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Climate Summary for Angelica, New York