Rocca, near Ancone
|Died||8 April 1620|
|Other names||Angelo Rochia
|Known for||founder of the Angelica Library at Rome|
Angelo Rocca (Rocca, near Ancone, 1545 – Rome, 8 April 1620) was an Italian humanist, librarian and bishop, founder of the Angelica Library at Rome, afterwards accessible from 1604 as a public library.
Angelo Rocca is also known as Camers Camerinus from the Augustinian monastery at Camerino. He studied at Perugia, Rome and Venice. In 1577 he graduated as doctor in theology from Padua. After serving as superior-general of the Augustinian Monastery there from 1579, he became the head of the Vatican printing-office in 1585. In 1595 he was appointed sacristan in the papal chapel. In 1605 he was granted the office of titular Bishop of Tagaste in Numidia (the historic Augustinian diocese).
He was a researcher of history. He edited the printed version of the Vulgate Bible, (widely unknown before the printing press) and had it printed. During the editing he became accustomed with historic manuscripts stored in Vatican – some of them not readily accessible until modern times. He (incorrectly) credited St. Jerome with the invention of Glagolitic.
His notable works include:
- Bibliotheca apostolica vaticana a Sixto V,... in splendidiorem... locum translata et a fratre Angelo Roccha,... commentario variarum artium ac scientiarum materiis curiosis ac difficillimis, scituque dignis refertissimo illustrata... ex typogr. apostolica vaticana. 1591.
- Bibliothecæ theologicæ et scripturalis epitome – 1594
- De Sacrosancto Christi corpore romanis pontificibus iter conficientibus præferendo commentarius – 1599
- De canonizatione sanctorum commentarius – 1601
- De campanis – 1612
An incomplete collection of his works was published in Thesaurus pontificiarum sacrarumque antiquitatum necnon rituum praxium et cæremoniarium (Rome: 1719 and 1745).