Angels with Dirty Faces
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|Angels with Dirty Faces|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Michael Curtiz|
|Produced by||Samuel Bischoff|
|Written by||Rowland Brown
|Music by||Max Steiner|
|Edited by||Owen Marks|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|November 26, 1938|
Angels with Dirty Faces is a 1938 American gangster film directed by Michael Curtiz, and starring James Cagney, Pat O'Brien, Humphrey Bogart, Ann Sheridan, George Bancroft and the Dead End Kids. The film was written by Rowland Brown, John Wexley, and Warren Duff, with uncredited assistance from Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur. The film is about Rocky Sullivan (Cagney), who is a notorious gangster. O'Brien plays his childhood friend, Father Jerry Connolly, who attempts to keep six young boys away from being influenced by Rocky. Jim Frazier (Bogart), a crooked lawyer and MacKeefer (Bancroft), a shady businessman and municipal contractor attempt to dispose of Rocky.
The film was released in November 28, 1938 to positive reviews. At the 11th Academy Awards, the film was nominated in three categories; for Best Actor (Cagney), Best Director (Curtiz) (who was also nominated for Four Daughters) and Best Story (Brown), losing all three.
Rocky Sullivan (James Cagney) and Jerry Connolly (Pat O'Brien) are childhood friends who robbed a railroad car as kids. Rocky saved Jerry's life during the chase by pulling him out of the way of a steam train while running from the guards that saw them. Rocky was then caught by the police, but Jerry—who could run faster—escaped. Rocky, after being sent to reform school, grows up to become a notorious gangster, while Jerry has become a priest.
Rocky returns to his old neighborhood, where Jerry is the parish priest and intends to keep young boys away from a life of crime. Six of those boys, Soapy (Billy Halop), Swing (Bobby Jordan), Bim (Leo Gorcey), Patsy (Gabriel Dell), Crabface (Huntz Hall), and Hunky (Bernard Punsly), idolize Rocky, and Jerry attempts to keep his former friend from corrupting them. (These boys were to star in Dead End Kids/East Side Kids/The Bowery Boys films).
Meanwhile, Rocky gets involved with Frazier (Humphrey Bogart), a crooked lawyer, and Keefer (George Bancroft), a shady businessman and municipal contractor. They try to dispose of Rocky, but he finds the record book that they keep where they list the bribes to city officials. Jerry learns of these events and warns Rocky to leave before he informs the authorities. Rocky ignores his advice and Jerry gets the public's attention and informs them all of the crooked government, causing Frazier and Keefer to plot to kill him. Rocky overhears this plot and kills them to protect his childhood friend.
Rocky is then captured following an elaborate shootout in a building, and sentenced to die. Jerry visits him just before his execution and asks him to do him one last favor—to die pretending to be a screaming, sniveling coward, which would end the boys' idolization of him. Rocky refuses, and insists he will be "tough" to the end, and not give up the one thing he has left, his pride. At the very last moment he appears to change his mind and has to be dragged to the electric chair (whether his cries are genuine or done only to fulfill Jerry's request is left to the viewer's imagination). The boys read newspaper headlines that Rocky died a coward, although not believing it at first, Father Jerry verifies that the paper account was accurate. Then Father Jerry asks them to say a prayer with him, "for a boy who couldn't run as fast as I could".
- James Cagney as William "Rocky" Sullivan
- Pat O'Brien as Fr. Jerry Connolly
- Humphrey Bogart as Jim Frazier
- Ann Sheridan as Laury Martin
- George Bancroft as Mac Keefer
- Edward Pawley as Edwards
- Adrian Morris as Blackie
- Joe Downing as Steve
- Frankie Burke as William "Rocky" Sullivan, during adolescence
- Marilyn Knowlden as Laury Martin, during adolescence
- William Tracy as Jerry Connelly, during adolescence
- Billy Halop as Soapy
- Bobby Jordan as Swing
- Leo Gorcey as Bim
- Gabriel Dell as Pasty
- Huntz Hall as Crab
- Bernard Punsly as Hunky
The story was written by Rowland Brown as a project for James Cagney at Grand National Pictures, the independent studio Cagney had signed with in 1936 after winning a breach-of-contract suit against Warner Bros. The original plan had been for Brown to write the full script and direct the film, but when Warners won back Cagney's contract on appeal they bought Brown's story for Cagney but assigned John Wexley and Warren Duff to do the screenplay and Michael Curtiz to direct. Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur also assisted in the writing of the screenplay.
When first offered the project, Cagney's agent was convinced that his star property would never consent to playing a role where he would be depicted as an abject coward being dragged to his execution. Cagney, however, was enthusiastic about the chance to play Rocky. He saw it as a suitable vehicle to prove to critics and front office honchos that he had a broad acting range that extended far beyond tough guy roles. Bogart, for one, was very impressed by the death house scene and informed Cagney as such.
To play Rocky, James Cagney drew on his memories of growing up in New York's Yorkville, a tough ethnic neighborhood on the upper east side, just south of Spanish Harlem.. His main inspiration was a drug-addicted pimp who stood on a street corner all day hitching his trousers, twitching his neck, and repeating, "Whadda ya hear! Whadda ya say!" Those mannerisms came back to haunt Cagney. He later wrote in his autobiography, "I did those gestures maybe six times in the picture. That was over thirty years ago - and the impressionists have been doing me doing him ever since."
Pat O'Brien, known as "Hollywood's Irishman in Residence", played Jerry Connolly, Rocky's childhood friend. In real life, Cagney and O'Brien were great friends, who first met in 1926 and would remain friends until O'Brien's death in 1983, Cagney would die in 1986. O'Brien had been a contract player in Warner Bros. since 1933 and left the studio in 1940, after a dispute over the terms of his contract renewal. This was the sixth of their nine feature films.
Humphrey Bogart played crooked lawyer Jim Frazier, who attempts to dispose of Rocky. Before making this film, Bogart starred with The Dead End Kids in Samuel Goldwyn's Dead End (1937). When executive producer Jack L. Warner saw the film, he quickly casted them in Crime School (which was released before this film) opposite Bogart.
After this movie, Curtiz would work again with James Cagney in films such as Yankee Doodle Dandy and Captains of the Clouds, which were all released in 1942. Cagney would win an Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role for his portrayal of George M. Cohan in Yankee Doodle Dandy. Curtiz would later reteam with Bogart for his landmark film, that won him and the movie itself an Oscar, Casablanca.
Ann Sheridan was cast as Laury Martin, Rocky's love interest and Mac Keefer was played by George Bancroft, a shady businessman and municipal contractor. Along with Frazier, Keefer attempts to dispose of Rocky. Frankie Burke, Marilyn Knowlden and William Tracy played Rocky, Laury and Jerry as adolescents, respectly. Burke was discovered by a Warner Bros. talent scout who was searching for young men who resembled Cagney. The resemblance between Cagney and Burke was so astounding that Burke was cast on the spot. Knowlden is the only living member of the cast.
Filming of Angels with Dirty Faces started in June and ended in August 1938. The film was mostly shot at the Burbank Studios of Warner Bros. Seven stages of the studío were used. The death house scene was filmed at Sing Sing Penientiary. Architect Lewis Pilcher was the designer of the death house, which went into service in the early 1920's. The building still remains there.
The Dead End Kids terrorized the set during shooting. They threw other actors off with their ad-libbing, and once cornered Bogart and stole his trousers. But they didn't figure on Cagney's street-bred toughness. The first time Leo Gorcey pulled an ad-lib on Cagney, the star stiff-armed the young actor right above the nose. From then on, the gang behaved.
For years, viewers have wonder whether or not Rocky really turns yellow as he is being strapped into the electric chair. Some have wondered if he is faking it in order to keep his promise to Father Jerry. When asked about the scene years later, Cagney says he chose to play it in such a way so that the audience could make their own decisions as to whether or not he was faking.
Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times called the film a "savage melodrama" offering "Cagney at his best" along with "a panel of effective supplementary characterizations." Variety was less enthused, writing, "On the strength of the Cagney-O'Brien combo, 'Angels' should do fair business, but the picture itself is no bonfire. That 'Dead End' kid story has already been told too many times." The review also called the cowardice angle at the end of the film "thoroughly hokey." Film Daily called the movie "One of the cleverest concoctions of pulse-pounding excitement, heart-stopping thrills and throat-catching emotional human touches ever to hit the screen." Harrison's Reports called it "A powerful gangster melodrama ... the acting, particularly by James Cagney, is brilliant ... one of the most thrilling pictures produced in some time." John Mosher of The New Yorker called it "a nice example of the classic underworld film."
Awards and honors
James Cagney won the 1939 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor for his role. In addition, the film was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Actor in a Leading Role (James Cagney), Best Director and Best Writing, Original Story.
Michael Curtiz was nominated twice for Best Director, one for this film and the other for the box office hit comedy melodrama Four Daughters. However, Curtiz could not take the Oscar with him, as Frank Capra took the Oscar for You Can't Take It With You. Cagney would lose to Spencer Tracy for Boys Town.
Adaptations to other media
- Angels with Dirty Faces was dramatized as a radio play on the May 22, 1939, broadcast of Lux Radio Theater, with James Cagney and Pat O'Brien reprising their film roles.
- Angels with Dirty Faces was presented on Philip Morris Playhouse September 19, 1941. Sylvia Sidney starred in the adaptation.
Warner Brothers created a 1939 cartoon spoofing this film, titled Thugs with Dirty Mugs.
Ram Jaane is a 1995 Indian Bollywood remake. Shah Rukh Khan was cast as Rocky in the movie alongside Juhi Chawla in one of his early villain roles during his first years in Bollywood. It took almost three years to complete.
The film became an inspiration for a sketch on Sesame Street, titled "Monsters with Dirty Faces".
- List of films with a 100% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, a film review aggregator website
- Hanson, Patricia King, ed. (1993). The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States: Feature Films, 1931-1940. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-520-07908-6.
- The New York Times Film Reviews, Volume 2: 1932-1938. New York: The New York Times & Arno Press. 1970. p. 1551.
- "Film Reviews". Variety (New York: Variety, Inc.): p. 13. October 26, 1938.
- "Reviews of the New Films". Film Daily (New York: Wid's Films and Film Folk, Inc.): p. 7. October 24, 1938.
- "Angels with Dirty Faces". Harrison's Reports (New York: Harrison's Reports, Inc.): p. 179. November 5, 1938.
- Mosher, John (November 26, 1938). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker (New York: F-R Publishing Corp.): p. 90.
- AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot
- "Johnny Presents". Harrisburg Telegraph. September 19, 1941. p. 17. Retrieved July 21, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
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