Angelus of Jerusalem

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Saint
Angelus
O.Carm.
Saintangelus.jpg
Portrait.
Priest; Martyr
Born1185
Jerusalem, Byzantine Empire
Died5 May 1220 (aged 35)
Licata, Kingdom of Sicily
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Canonizedc. 1459, Rome, Papal States by Pope Pius II
Major shrineSanta Maria del Carmine
Feast5 May
Attributes
Patronage

Saint Angelus (Italian: Sant'Angelo; 1185 – 5 May 1220) was a Catholic convert from Judaism and a professed priest of the Carmelites.[1][2] He and his twin brother were converted to the faith once their mother did so while both became ordained priests and Carmelite friars. But unlike his brother he retreated into the desert to a hermitage after his ordination. But he emerged once he was instructed to go to the Italian mainland to evangelize as well as to meet with Pope Honorius III to have him approve a new rule for the Carmelites.[1][3]

He was slain whilst preaching and was believed a saint after his death. The Carmelites venerated him as such until Pope Pius II beatified the slain priest during his pontificate circa 1459.[3]

Life[edit]

Painting c. 1667 - Antonio de Pereda.

He was born in Jerusalem in 1185 to the Jewish parents Jesse and Maria.[1] His mother later converted to Roman Catholicism both he and his twin brother John were baptised when she converted. His parents died while he was in his childhood and the Patriarch Nicodemus oversaw their education until the twins turned eighteen. He and his brother John entered the Carmelites aged eighteen at the Saint Anne convent near the Golden Gate to commence their novitiate. The two could speak Greek as well as both Latin and Hebrew.[3][1]

In 1210 he was ordained to the priesthood in Jerusalem and he travelled in Palestine.[3] Miraculous cures were attributed to him around this time and his "acta" stated that he sought to avoid fame and withdrew to a hermitage in the desert (in imitation of Jesus Christ) when he was becoming popular for his miracles. He remained as a hermit on Mount Carmel when he was instructed in 1218[4] to leave for the Italian peninsula in order to preach against the patarini as well as the Albigensians and the Bulgars. He had likewise been instructed to go to Rome to obtain from Pope Honorius III confirmation of the new and definitive rule for the order (later granted in 1226).[3]

He set off on a Genoese ship on 1 April 1219 and stopped first in Messina before heading off to Civitavecchia before he ended up in Rome to meet with the pope. The friar preached in the Basilica of Saint John Lateran while in Rome where he met both Saint Francis of Assisi and Saint Dominic. It is said that he foretold that Francis would receive the stigmata while Francis foretold his premature death.[1] From there he was a guest of the Basilians in Palermo where he was for over a month before preaching in Agrigento for over a month before settling in Licata. He had healed seven lepers and the ailing Archbishop of Palermo Bernardo de Castanea while in Palermo.[2] He settled on the Sicilian island though his fame as a wonderworker caused crowds to flock to him. He also had success in converting some Jews though most Jews in Palermo came to despise him for this since he himself was once Jewish.[2]

He wanted to convert a Cathar knight named Berenger (known also in sources as Berengarius).[2] Tradition states that Berenger was living in incest and that the friar convinced the knight's companion to leave Berenger. Berenger became enraged and had him attacked in front of the church of Santi Filippo e Giacomo in Licata on 1 May 1220 and was struck with Berenger's sword five times.[1] He died of his wounds within the week on 5 May and according to tradition asked for his assassin to be pardoned while urging the faithful not to avenge his death. He was buried at Santi Filippo e Giacomo.

Sainthood[edit]

His sepulcher at Licata became a site of pilgrimage. The Carmelites venerated him as a saint from at least 1456 and the cult received papal approval from Pope Pius II at some stage during the latter's pontificate. His remains were moved in 1486 from a wooden casket to a silver urn before being moved to a more previous urn on 5 May 1623.[1] His relics were translated to a new church in Licata on 15 August 1662 and are now housed at Santa Maria del Carmine; the ending of a plague in the Kingdom of Naples in 1656 was attributed to his intercession.[3][2] He has - since 4 May 1626 - been known as the patron saint for Palermo.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "St. Angelus, Priest and Martyr (M)". Order of Carmelites. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Saint Angelus of Jerusalem". Saints SQPN. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Sant'Angelo da Gerusalemme (di Sicilia)". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  4. ^ Some sources suggest God instructed him in a vision.

External links[edit]