|Native to||India and Nepal|
|Region||Bihar,West Bengal and Jharkhand states of India and Terai region of Nepal|
|(743,600 cited 1996)|
Official language in
|Angika test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
Angika language (अंगिका भाषा/অঙ্গিকা ভাষা) or alternatively classified as Chhika-Chhiki variant of Maithili is the primary language of the Anga region of Bihar, Jharkhand and the neighbouring West Bengal states of India. In addition to India, it is also spoken in some parts of the Terai region of Nepal. It belongs to the Eastern Indo-Aryan language family. It is closely related to languages such as Assamese, Bengali and Magahi.
Angika is not listed in the 8th schedule of the constitution of India. Nevertheless, Angika language movements have advocated its inclusion, and a submitted request is currently pending with the Government. Angika is written in the Devanagari script; although the Tirhuta and Kaithi scripts were used historically.
Angika or Chhika-Chhiki is mainly spoken in Anga area which includes Munger, Bhagalpur and Banka districts of Bihar and the Santhal Pargana division of Jharkhand. Its speakers number around 15 million people. Apart from Bihar and Jharkhand states of India, it is also spoken in the Morang district of Nepalese Terai as a minority language. 1.9% people of Morang returned Angika as their mother tongue during the 2011 Nepal census.
Relationship to Maithili
Angika is classified as a dialect of Maithili by George A. Grierson in the Linguistic Survey of India (1903). However,few people now assert its status as an independent language. When the proponents of the Maithili language in Bihar demanded the use of Maithili-medium primary education in the early 20th century, the few anti-Maithili people did not support them, and instead favoured Hindi-medium education.
Maithili proponents believe that the Government of Bihar and the pro-Hindi Bihar Rashtrabhasha Parishad promoted Angika and Bajjika as distinct languages to weaken the Maithili language movement.  People from mainly Maithil Brahmins and Karan Kayasthas castes supported the Maithili movement in the days when it was to be subsumed as a dialect of Hindi / Bengali, hence anti-Maithili factions branded the Maithili Language as a brahminical language while inciting various other castes in the Mithila region to project Angika and Bajjika as their mother tongues, attempting to break away from the Maithili-based regional identity.
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