Angkasa Pura (Sanskrit for Sky City) is a state enterprise of the Indonesian Department of Transport that is responsible for the management of airports in Indonesia. Angkasa Pura is made up of two companies: PT Angkasa Pura I and PT Angkasa Pura II. Angkasa Pura along with other agencies were managing air traffic services in Indonesia but later transfer to new state enterprise, AirNav Indonesia for the sole company or agency controlling the air traffic in Indonesia.
In 2010, PT Angkasa Pura I had airport capacities of 30,700,440 people, but the movement was 49,237,437 passengers. Over capacities also occurred for PT Angkasa Pura II with capacities of 30,815,000 people, but the movement was 62,215,834 passengers.
In 1962, Perusahaan Negara (PN) Angkasa Pura Kemayoran was established. The purpose of establishment this company is to control operation for Kemayoran Airport (JKT) in Jakarta. Only in 1964, this company fully managed the Kemayoran Airport. The following year in 1965, PN Angkasa Pura Kemayoran was renamed to PN Angkasa Pura. In the year of 1974, PN Angkasa Pura changed from Perusahaan Negara (PN) to Perusahaan Umum (Perum) and the company name officially renamed to Perum Angkasa Pura.
In 1987, Perum Angkasa Pura once again renamed the company name to Perum Angkasa Pura I following the establishment of Perum Angkasa Pura II. Perum Angkasa Pura II was established to control the operation of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (CGK) and Halim Perdanakusuma Airport (HLP) in Jakarta.
Since 1992, these two companies operating major airports in Indonesia.
Angkasa Pura operates the following airports:
- Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Bali
- Juanda International Airport, Surabaya, East Java
- Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan
- Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport, Makassar, South Sulawesi
- Sam Ratulangi International Airport, Manado, North Sulawesi
- Adisumarmo International Airport, Solo/Surakarta, Central Java
- Frans Kaisiepo Airport, Biak, Papua
- Lombok International Airport, Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara (Replaced Selaparang Airport on 1 October 2011)
Selaparang Airport(closed on 30 September 2011)
- Pattimura Airport, Ambon, Maluku
- Achmad Yani International Airport, Semarang, Central Java
- Adisucipto International Airport, Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta
- Syamsudin Noor Airport, Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan
- El Tari Airport, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara
- Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, Jakarta, Jakarta
- Halim Perdanakusuma Airport, Jakarta, Jakarta
Polonia International Airport(closed on 24 July 2013)
- Kualanamu International Airport, Medan, North Sumatra (Replaced Polonia International Airport on 25 July 2013)
- Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport, Palembang, South Sumatra
- Sultan Syarif Kasim II International Airport, Pekanbaru, Riau
- Minangkabau International Airport, Padang, West Sumatra
- Husein Sastranegara International Airport, Bandung, West Java
- Supadio Airport, Pontianak, West Kalimantan
- Raja Haji Fisabilillah Airport, Tanjung Pinang, Riau Islands
- Sultan Iskandar Muda International Airport, Banda Aceh, Aceh
- Sultan Thaha Airport, Jambi, Jambi
- Depati Amir Airport, Pangkal Pinang, Bangka–Belitung Islands
- Silangit Airport, Siborong-Borong, North Sumatra
In 2010, Angkasa Pura II made profit of Rp.1,264 trillion. 7 airports suffered losses, but 5 airport made profit. Soekarno Hatta International Airport got profit Rp.1,573 trillion (US$160 million). The other airports which got profit were Polonia Medan airport, Sultan Syarif Kasim Pekanbaru airport, Supadio Pontianak airport and Husein Sastra Negara Bandung airport.
In 2010, PT Angkasa Pura I combined capacity was 30 million passengers, but handled 49 million passengers, while PT Angkasa Pura II combined capacity was only 28 million passengers, but handled 62 million passengers. The most heavily burden airports were Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Polonia International Airport, Ngurah Rai International Airport and Juanda International Airport.
PT Angkasa Pura I will build hotels at Juanda International Airport and Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport in 2011. The investment is Rp.50 billion ($5.8 million) and both hotels will be operated by Accor under the Formule 1 brand.
PT Angkasa Pura I will build Flight Plan and Flow Management Centre (FLIPMAC) in Surabaya to cover also Bali, Makassar and Balikpapan and become the centre of Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM) nationwide due to Surabaya's point of intersection between domestic and international routes and Jakarta–Surabaya flight path is the world's fifth-most populous and fourth most populous in the Asia Pacific region with 760 flights traffic per week. The system will monitor all the movements of planes from refuelling, baggage, and start catering to aircraft engines and given a time limit and for approaching aircraft, altitude and airspeed settings are also monitored long before the plane arrived at the airport so that aircraft avoid holding or delay. The initial phase will be installed in late 2012[needs update] and is expected to be operational in mid-2013 with investment about Rp40 billion.
- Home. Angkasa Pura I. Retrieved on 16 September 2010. "PT. Angkasa Pura 1 (PERSERO)Graha Angkasa Pura 1Kota Baru Kemayoran, Blok B.12,Kav. 2, Jakarta 10610"
- "Informasi Perusahaan." Angkasa Pura II. Retrieved on 16 September 2010. "Kantor Pusat PT (Persero) Angkasa Pura II Bandara Internasional Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta."
- "Waspada Online". Waspada Online. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- (Indonesian) History of Angkasa Pura I
- (Indonesian) History of Angkasa Pura II
- "Soekarno Hatta airport enjoys huge profit, seven others suffer losses". thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Major RI airports bursting at the seams: Inaca". KONTAN. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Airport operator to build two hotels". thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Angkasa Pura I siap bangun air traffic flow". February 9, 2012.