PT Angkasa Pura I logo
|Formation||February 20, 1962 (formal, as Perusahaan Negara Angkasa Pura Kemajoran)|
February 20, 1964 (official; handover of Kemayoran Airport from Indonesian government control)
|Legal status||State-owned enterprise|
|Headquarters||Kemayoran, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Central and Eastern region of Indonesia|
PT Angkasa Pura II logo
|Formation||August 13, 1984, as Perusahaan Umum Pelabuhan Udara Jakarta Cengkareng|
|Legal status||State-owned enterprise|
|Headquarters||Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Tangerang, Indonesia|
|Western region of Indonesia|
Angkasa Pura (Sanskrit for Sky City) is the name used by two separate state enterprises of the Indonesian Department of Transport that are responsible for the management of airports in Indonesia. The two companies are PT Angkasa Pura I and PT Angkasa Pura II. Angkasa Pura I has its head office in Jakarta, while Angkasa Pura II has its head office at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Tangerang, Banten.
In 2010, PT Angkasa Pura I had airport capacities of 30,700,440 people, but the movement was 49,237,437 passengers. Over capacities also occurred for PT Angkasa Pura II with capacities of 30,815,000 people, but the movement was 62,215,834 passengers.
In 1962, Perusahaan Negara (PN) Angkasa Pura Kemayoran was established after a formal request by president Sukarno. It first started to control operations for the Kemayoran Airport (JKT) in Jakarta. In 1965, PN Angkasa Pura Kemayoran was renamed PN Angkasa Pura. In 1974, as the company became publicly administrated, PN Angkasa Pura changed from a state-owned company (perusahaan negara (PN)) to a public company (perusahaan umum (Perum)) and the company name was changed to Perum Angkasa Pura.
Another name change came in 1987, when Perum Angkasa Pura became Perum Angkasa Pura I following the establishment of Perum Angkasa Pura II. Perum Angkasa Pura II was established to control the operation of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (CGK) and Halim Perdanakusuma Airport (HLP) in Jakarta.
In 1992, both Perum Angkasa Pura I and Perum Angkasa Pura II were again renamed to Perseroan Terbatas (PT) Angkasa Pura I and PT Angkasa Pura II. Since then, these two companies have operated the major airports in Indonesia.
Angkasa Pura operates the following airports:
- PT. Angkasa Pura I operates airports in central and eastern Indonesia.
- Juanda International Airport, Surabaya, East Java (since 1 January 1985)
- Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman International Airport, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan (since 9 January 1987)
- Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport, Makassar, South Sulawesi (since 9 January 1987)
- Sam Ratulangi International Airport, Manado, North Sulawesi (since 1 January 1989)
- Frans Kaisiepo International Airport, Biak, Papua (since 1 January 1989)
- Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Bali (since 30 March 1989)
- Adisumarmo International Airport, Solo/Surakarta, Central Java (since 29 April 1992)
- Adisucipto International Airport, Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta (since 29 April 1992)
- Syamsudin Noor International Airport, Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan (since 29 April 1992)
- Achmad Yani International Airport, Semarang, Central Java (since 1 October 1995)
- Lombok International Airport, Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara (Replaced Selaparang Airport on 1 October 2011)
- Pattimura International Airport, Ambon, Maluku (since 11 October 1995)
- El Tari International Airport, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara (since 1 April 1999)
- Sentani International Airport, Jayapura, Papua (Coming Soon)
- APT Pranoto International Airport, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, (Coming Soon)
- Syukuran Aminuddin Amir Airport, Luwuk, Central Sulawesi, (Coming Soon)
- PT. Angkasa Pura II operates airports in western Indonesia.
- Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport, Jakarta, Jakarta (since 13 August 1984)
- Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, Tangerang, Banten (since 5 July 1985)
- Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport, Palembang, South Sumatra (since 8 February 1991)
- Supadio International Airport, Kuburaya, West Kalimantan (since 8 February 1991)
- Kualanamu International Airport, Medan, North Sumatra (Replaced Polonia International Airport on 25 July 2013)
- Sultan Iskandar Muda International Airport, Banda Aceh, Aceh (since 9 April 1994)
- Minangkabau International Airport, Padang, West Sumatra (Replaced Tabing Airport on 22 July 2005)
- Sultan Syarif Kasim II International Airport, Pekanbaru, Riau (since 9 April 1994)
- Husein Sastranegara International Airport, Bandung, West Java (since 9 April 1994)
- Raja Haji Fisabilillah International Airport, Tanjung Pinang, Riau Islands (since 22 March 2000)
- Sultan Thaha Airport, Jambi, Jambi (since 1 April 2007)
- Depati Amir Airport, Pangkal Pinang, Bangka–Belitung Islands (since 1 April 2007)
- Silangit International Airport, Siborong-Borong, North Sumatra (since 14 December 2012)
- Banyuwangi International Airport, Banyuwangi, East Java (since 22 December 2017)
- Kertajati International Airport, Bandung, West Java (since 24 May 2018)
- Tjilik Riwut Airport, Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan (since 19 December 2018)
- Fatmawati Soekarno Airport, Bengkulu, Bengkulu (coming soon)
- Radin Inten II International Airport, Bandar Lampung, Lampung (coming soon)
- H.A.S. Hanandjoeddin International Airport. Belitung, Bangka Belitung (coming soon)
In 2010, Angkasa Pura II made profit of Rp.1,264 trillion. 7 airports suffered losses, but 5 airport made profit. Soekarno Hatta International Airport got profit Rp.1,573 trillion (US$160 million). The other airports which turned a profit were Polonia Medan airport, Sultan Syarif Kasim Pekanbaru airport, Supadio Pontianak airport and Husein Sastra Negara Bandung airport.
In 2010, PT Angkasa Pura I combined capacity was 30 million passengers, but handled 49 million passengers, while PT Angkasa Pura II combined capacity was only 28 million passengers, but handled 62 million passengers. The most heavily burdened airports were Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Kualanamu International Airport, Ngurah Rai International Airport and Juanda International Airport.
PT Angkasa Pura I will build hotels at Juanda International Airport and Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport in 2011. The investment is Rp.50 billion ($5.8 million) and both hotels will be operated by Accor under the Formule 1 brand.
PT Angkasa Pura I will build Flight Plan and Flow Management Centre (FLIPMAC) in Surabaya to cover also Bali, Makassar and Balikpapan and become the centre of Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM) nationwide due to Surabaya's point of intersection between domestic and international routes and Jakarta–Surabaya flight path is the world's fifth-most populous and fourth most populous in the Asia Pacific region with 760 flights traffic per week. The system will monitor all the movements of planes from refuelling, baggage, and start catering to aircraft engines and given a time limit and for approaching aircraft, altitude and airspeed settings are also monitored long before the plane arrived at the airport so that aircraft avoid holding or delay. The initial phase will be installed in late 2012[needs update] and is expected to be operational in mid-2013 with investment about Rp40 billion.
- "Waspada Online". Waspada Online. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- (in Indonesian) History of Angkasa Pura I
- (in Indonesian) History of Angkasa Pura II
- "Soekarno Hatta airport enjoys huge profit, seven others suffer losses". thejakartapost.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Major RI airports bursting at the seams: Inaca". KONTAN. Archived from the original on 15 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Airport operator to build two hotels". thejakartapost.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "Angkasa Pura I siap bangun air traffic flow". 9 February 2012.