Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil

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Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil
Brasão Igreja Episcopal Anglicana do Brasil.jpg
Primate Francisco de Assis da Silva
Headquarters Porto Alegre, Brazil
Territory Brazil
Members 120,000[1]
Website http://www.ieab.org.br

The Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil (Portuguese: Igreja Episcopal Anglicana do Brasil) is an Episcopal Church in the Anglican Communion that covers Brazil. Its one of the most liberal churches of the Anglican Communion, being fully supportive of same-sex unions and on his way to support same-sex religious marriage.

Bishop Primate[edit]

Bishop Maurício José Araújo de Andrade, primate of the Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil, from 2006 to 2013

Originally under the metropolitical supervision of the Episcopal Church, the Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil became an independent province in 1965 and consists of a single metropolitical province, so that one bishop serves as both Metropolitan and Primate. In this role he uses the style of "The Most Reverend", but does not have the usual title of "Archbishop", being known by the alternative title of "Bishop Primate" (Bispo Primaz). The Bishops Primate have been:[2]

  • Egmont Machado Krischke, 1965–1971
  • Arthur Rodolpho Kratz, 1972–1984
  • Olavo Ventura Luiz, 1986–1992
  • Glauco Soares de Lima, 1993–2003
  • Orlando Santos de Oliveira, 2003–2006
  • Maurício José Araújo de Andrade, 2006–2013
  • Francisco de Assis da Silva, 2013-present

Governance[edit]

A substantial proportion of the priests of the province are women, but all the bishops are men. The president of the House of Clergy and Laity for the first time is a lay woman Mrs Selma Rosa, who was elected at the General Synod for a three year term. The General Secretary of the Church is Arthur Cavalcante, also appointed at the General Synod for a three year term.

History[edit]

Anglican ministry in Brazil began as a number of chaplaincies catering for expatriate Anglicans in 1810. The first known parish was settled in Nova Lima, State of Minas Gerais in 1834, St. John the Baptist [1]. In 1889, when Brazil formalised the separation of church and state in its constitution, the Anglican chaplaincies began missionary work.

The Church intentionally began to move towards Brazilians in 1890, when two American missionary presbyters, Lucien Lee Kinsolving, who became the first Bishop of the Anglican Church of Brazil, and James Watson Morris, organized a mission in Porto Alegre. The first service was held in the afternoon of June 1, 1890, Trinity Sunday, in Porto Alegre, at 387 Voluntários da Pátria St., in an ample rented house, which became known as Mission House. At that time, the city had about sixty thousand inhabitants. Two presbyters, William Cabell Brown and John Gaw Meem, and a teacher, Mary Packard, were missionaries who arrived the year after the mission was started. These five people are considered to be the true founders of the Igreja Episcopal Anglicana do Brasil. Some time after, they established missions in Santa Rita do Rio dos Sinos (today Nova Santa Rita), Rio Grande and Pelotas. These three cities and the state capital soon became important strategic points and irradiating centers of the expansion and development of the newborn Episcopal Church of Brazil.

In 1965, the Brazilian Church became fully autonomous, becoming the 19th Province of the Anglican Communion, electing its first Primate: Egmont Machado Krischke. The independence of the Igreja Episcopal Anglicana do Brasil, which was at that time still dependent upon the American Church, was completed with financial independence in 1982.

Dioceses and Mission Districts[edit]

The province consists of nine dioceses, each headed by a bishop, one of whom is elected as Bispo Primaz. The thirtieth General Synod of the church, held in July 2006, elevated Amazonia as the ninth diocese of the province and agreed an experimental plan to group the dioceses and missionary districts of the province into three regions.

Diocese Anglicana de Brasília (DAB; Anglican Diocese of Brasilia)[edit]

Diocese Anglicana de Curitiba (Anglican Diocese of Curitiba)[edit]

  • Diocesan bishop – Naudal Alves Gomes.
  • Area covered – the state of Paraná.

Diocese Anglicana de Pelotas[edit]

  • Diocesan bishop – Renato Raatz.
  • Area covered – the town of Pelotas and surrounding coastline in Rio Grande do Sul.

Diocese Anglicana de Recife (Anglican Diocese of Recife)[edit]

  • Diocesan bishop – Sebastião Armando Gameleira Soares.
  • Area covered – the Northeast Region.

Diocese Anglicana de Rio de Janeiro (Anglican Diocese of Rio de Janeiro)[edit]

Diocese Anglicana de São Paulo (Anglican Diocese of São Paulo)[edit]

  • Diocesan bishop – Flávio Augusto Borges Irala.
  • Area covered – the state of São Paulo.

Diocese Meridional (Diocese of Southern Brazil)[edit]

  • Diocesan bishop – Orlando Santos de Oliveira (who was the Primate Bishop from 2003 to 2006).
  • Area covered – the coastal areas of the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, excluding that area in the Diocese of Pelotas.

Diocese Sul-Ocidental (Diocese of South-Western Brazil)[edit]

Diocese da Amazônia (Diocese of the Amazon)[edit]

  • Created on 29 July 2006 from a previous missionary district.
  • Diocesan bishop – Saulo Maurício de Barros.
  • Area covered – the states of Pará, Amapá, Roraima, Amazonas and Acre.

Distrito Missionário do Oeste (Missionary District of the West)[edit]

Homosexuality[edit]

Concerning the divisions in the Anglican Communion about the blessing of homosexual unions, the Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil has adopted a supportive stance, similar to the churches of United States, Canada and New Zealand. The Bishop Primate issued a letter in support of the Episcopal Church of the United States decision to adopt a non-gender marriage stance and stating that he wanted his church to do the same briefly.[3]

Anglican realignment[edit]

The Diocese of Recife, led by bishop Robinson Cavalcanti, withdrew from the AECB in 2005, due to their disagreement of the national church policies on homosexuality. The Diocese would renamed itself as Anglican Church-Diocese of Recife and would join the Global South as an extra-provincial diocese.

References[edit]

External links[edit]