Anglican–Roman Catholic International Commission

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The Anglican—Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC) is an organization created in 1969 which seeks to make ecumenical progress between the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion.[1] The sponsors are the Anglican Consultative Council and the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity (formerly the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity).

ARCIC seeks to identify common ground between the two communions. Ecumenical relations have become strained, owing to the ordination of women within the Anglican Communion and, in more recent years, the Anglican communion has internally become increasingly more divided over issues concerning human sexuality.

Preliminary phase: 1967–68[edit]

Three meetings were conducted by the Anglican–Roman Catholic Joint Preparatory Commission (ARCJPC) from 1967 to 1968. The first preparatory meeting was held in Italy,[i] a meeting on the place of scripture in England[ii] and culminating in a meeting in Malta[iii] culminating in the Malta Report.[3]

First phase: 1970–81[edit]

The first phase was conducted by the Anglican–Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC) from 1970 to 1982.

The first phase of ARCIC was held under the aegis of Henry McAdoo (Anglican Archbishop of Dublin) and Alan Clark (Roman Catholic Bishop of East Anglia). The co-secretaries were Anglicans Colin Daveyand Christopher Hill and the Roman Catholic William A. Purdy.[a]

In 1970 and 1971 there were a number of meetings on eucharistic doctrine,[iv][v][vi] producing an agreed statement.[4][b] An elucidation was issued in 1979.[5]

In 1972there was a meeting on the subject of ordination.[vii] It paved the way for an agreed statement from Canterbury.[viii][6] An elucidation was issued in 1979.[7]

In the mid-1970s a number of meetings were held on the issue of authority[ix][x] culminating in a statement made at Venice.[8][xi] Further discussions on the subject of authority were held in 1977,[xii] 1979,[xiii] and 1980;[xiv] with elucidations[9] and a further statement[10] issued in 1981 with the final statement.[xv]

A final statement for "ARCIC I" was issued in 1981.[11] There were responses from both the Lambeth Conference[12] and the Catholic Church.[13] Further clarifications on the Eucharist and Ministry were issued in 1993.[14]

Second phase: 1983–2011[edit]

The second phase was conducted by the Second Anglican–Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC II) from 1983 to 2006. The second phase co-chairs were the Anglican bishops Mark Santer,[c] Frank Griswold,[d] and Peter Carnley;[e] and the Roman Catholic bishops Cormac Murphy-O'Connor,[f] and Alexander Joseph Brunett.[g] A number of Anglican[h] and Roman Catholic[i] clerics served as co-secretaries.

The topics covered by ARCIC II included the doctrine of salvation,[xvi][xvii][xviii][xix][15] communion,[xx][xxi][xxii][xxiii][16][xxiv][xxv][xxvi][17] teaching authority,[18][xxvii][xxviii][xxix][xxx][xxxi][19] and the role of Mary the mother of God.[xxxii][xxxiii][xxxiv][xxxv][xxxvi][xxxvii][20]

In 2000, ARCIC II supported a meeting of 13 pairs of Anglican and Roman Catholic bishops from around the globe at Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. This meeting set up the International Anglican—Roman Catholic Commission on Unity and Mission (IARCCUM), which began to meet in 2002, but was suspended from 2003–2005 in view of the consecration of an openly gay Anglican bishop in the USA. IARCCUM is not about reaching theological agreement so much as finding ways to put into practice the agreements which ARCIC has reached and have been accepted by the two Churches.

In 2007 and issued Growing Together in Unity and Mission which summarises the nine Agreed Statements of ARCIC. This states that "The Roman Catholic Church teaches that the ministry of the Bishop of Rome [the Pope] as universal primate is in accordance with Christ's wiill for the Church and an essential element of maintaining it in unity and truth."[21] Not only that but the document goes on to say that "We urge Anglicans and Roman Catholics to explore together how the ministry of the Bishop of Rome might be offered and received in order to assist our Communions to grow towards full, ecclesial communion."

Third phase: 2011–present[edit]

The third phase was conducted by the Anglican–Roman Catholic International Commission III (ARCIC-III) from 2011 to the present.[22]

The third phase started from 17–27 May 2011 at the ecumenical Bose Monastic Community in northern Italy.[xxxviii][24] The third phase of ARCIC will be to consider fundamental questions regarding the Church as Communion – Local and Universal, and How in Communion the Local and Universal Church Comes to Discern Right Ethical Teaching. The opening meeting also noted Catholic—Anglican tensions over the creation of the Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of Walsingham, directly subject to the Holy See, earlier the same year in order to make easier the transition by Anglican congregations (not just individuals) wishing to move into communion with the Catholic Church.[23][25] The third phase has held several meetings.[xxxix][xl][xli][xlii]

The co-chairmen of this phase are Bernard Longley, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Birmingham and David Moxon, Director of the Anglican Centre in Rome and former Anglican Archbishop of New Zealand.

Roman Catholic members: Arthur Kennedy, Auxiliary Bishop in Boston; Paul Murray, professor of theology and religion at Durham University; Janet Smith, professor of moral theology; Vimal Tirimanna, Redemptorist father and professor at Rome's Alphonsianum University; Henry Wansbrough, a Benedictine father from Ampleforth Abbey; Teresa Okure, Sister of the Society of the Holy Child Jesus, Nigeria; Adelbert Denaux, presbyter and former professor at the Catholic University of Leuven and member of ARCIC II, (currently) dean of the School of Catholic Theology of Tilburg University.

Anglican members: Paula Gooder, canon theologian of Birmingham Cathedral; Christopher Hill, former Bishop of Guildford; Mark McIntosh, canon professor at the University of Durham; Nkosinathi Ndwandwe, Bishop of Natal, Southern Africa; Linda Nicholls, Bishop suffragan of Trent-Durham in the Diocese of Toronto; Michael Poon from Trinity Theological College in Singapore; Nicholas Sagovsky, former ARCIC II member and retiring canon residentiary at Westminster Abbey; Peter Sedgwick, principal of St. Michael's College; and Charles Sherlock, former ARCIC II member and Registrar of the MCD University of Divinity in Australia.

Controversy[edit]

ARCIC has met with some hostile reaction from Traditionalist Catholics.[30][31] Although ARCIC had just completed the major document on Marian theology in 2003, Pope John Paul II suspended official talks between the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion, owing to the consecration of Gene Robinson, a homosexual man in a non-celibate relationship, as a bishop in the Episcopal Church in the United States.[32] Moreover, the ordination of women, especially to the episcopacy, has repeatedly been questioned by the Roman Catholic Church leadership as harmful to Christian unity. Walter Kasper, President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, put it this way: The ordination of women to the episcopate "signified a breaking away from apostolic tradition and a further obstacle for reconciliation between the Catholic Church and the Church of England." He also seemed more upset about the warring parties within Anglicanism: "He described the legislation for those opposed to women's ordained ministry in the Church of England as the 'unspoken institutionalism' of an 'existing schism.'"[33] At the opening of the May 2011 meeting, British journalist William Oddie claimed that ARCIC activities were useless, as only the Catholic side had a clear agenda and described all ecumenical activity as leading to a dead end.[25]

See also[edit]

Timeline[edit]

  1. ^ 9 January 1967 (1967-01-09)–13 January 1967 (1967-01-13) – "First Steps Toward Restoring Full Unity; identifying themes for dialogue", Villa Cagnola, Gazzada, Italy[2]
  2. ^ 30 August 1967 (1967-08-30)–3 September 1967 (1967-09-03) – "The Authority of the Word of God and its Relationship to the Church", Huntercombe Manor, Buckinghamshire, England[2]
  3. ^ 31 December 1967 (1967-12-31)–3 January 1968 (1968-01-03) – "A Vision for Unity" The Malta Report, Mount St. Joseph, Malta[2]
  4. ^ 9 January 1970 (1970-01-09)–15 January 1970 (1970-01-15) – "Fundamentals of the Faith; Authority; Church; Intercommunion and Ministry; Eucharist", Windsor, England[2]
  5. ^ 21 September 1970 (1970-09-21)–28 September 1970 (1970-09-28) – "Church and Ministry; Church and Authority; Church and Eucharist; the Relation of Men and Women; Making of Moral Judgements", Venice, Italy[2]
  6. ^ 1 September 1971 (1971-09-01)–8 September 1971 (1971-09-08) – "Eucharistic Doctrine" - produced an agreed statement (Windsor Report on Eucharistic Doctrine), Windsor, England[2]
  7. ^ 30 August 1972 (1972-08-30)–7 September 1972 (1972-09-07) – "Ministry and Ordination", Gazzada, Italy[2]
  8. ^ 28 August 1973 (1973-08-28)–6 September 1973 (1973-09-06) – "Ministry and Ordination" - produced an agreed statement, Canterbury, England[2]
  9. ^ 27 August 1974 (1974-08-27)–5 September 1974 (1974-09-05) – "Authority", Grottaferrata, Italy[2]
  10. ^ 27 August 1975 (1975-08-27)–5 September 1975 (1975-09-05) – "Authority in the Church, Primacy, Infallibility", Oxford, England[2]
  11. ^ 24 August 1976 (1976-08-24)–2 September 1976 (1976-09-02) – "Authority in the Church I" - produced an agreed statement, Venice, Italy[2]
  12. ^ 30 August 1977 (1977-08-30)–8 September 1977 (1977-09-08) – "How to treat the reaction to the Statement", Chichester, England[2]
  13. ^ 28 August 1979 (1979-08-28)–6 September 1979 (1979-09-06) – further discussion of "Authority" statement, Venice, Italy[2]
  14. ^ 26 August 1980 (1980-08-26)–4 September 1980 (1980-09-04) – Authority and universal jurisdiction, Venice, Italy[2]
  15. ^ 25 August 1981 (1981-08-25)–3 September 1981 (1981-09-03) – published elucidations of the two produced agreed statements after public criticism of both documents, ARCIC I Final Report, Windsor, England[2]
  16. ^ 30 August 1983 (1983-08-30)–6 September 1983 (1983-09-06) – "The Church, Grace and Salvation", Venice, Italy[2]
  17. ^ 22 August 1984 (1984-08-22)–31 August 1984 (1984-08-31) – "The Church, Salvation and the Doctrine of Justification", Durham, England[2]
  18. ^ 26 August 1985 (1985-08-26)–4 September 1985 (1985-09-04) – "Salvation and the Church", Graymoor, New York[2]
  19. ^ 26 August 1986 (1986-08-26)–4 September 1986 (1986-09-04) – "Salvation and the Church" - produced an agreed statement, Llandaff, Wales[2]
  20. ^ 1 September 1987 (1987-09-01)–10 September 1987 (1987-09-10) – "Growth in Communion", Palazzola, Rocca di Papa, Italy[2]
  21. ^ 24 August 1988 (1988-08-24)–2 September 1988 (1988-09-02) – "Communion: Commonalities and Differences", Edinburgh, Scotland[2]
  22. ^ 28 August 1989 (1989-08-28)–6 September 1989 (1989-09-06) – "The Theology of Communion; Moral Issues", Venice, Italy[2]
  23. ^ 28 August 1990 (1990-08-28)–6 September 1990 (1990-09-06) – "Church as Communion" - produced an agreed statement, Dublin, Ireland[2]
  24. ^ 27 August 1991 (1991-08-27)–5 September 1991 (1991-09-05) – "Morals and Ecclesial Communion", Paris, France[2]
  25. ^ 28 August 1992 (1992-08-28)–6 September 1992 (1992-09-06) – "Common Witness to Moral Values; Morals, Communion and the Church", Windsor, England[2]
  26. ^ 28 August 1993 (1993-08-28)–6 September 1993 (1993-09-06) – "Life in Christ, Morals, Communion and the Church" - produced an agreed statement, Venice, Italy[2]
  27. ^ 31 August 1994 (1994-08-31)–9 September 1994 (1994-09-09) – "Authority in the Church", Jerusalem[2]
  28. ^ 28 August 1995 (1995-08-28)–6 September 1995 (1995-09-06) – "Teaching Authority in the Church and its Relation to Scripture and Tradition", Venice, Italy[2]
  29. ^ 26 August 1996 (1996-08-26)–4 September 1996 (1996-09-04) – "Scripture, Tradition and the Exercise of Authority", Mechelen, Belgium[2]
  30. ^ 26 August 1997 (1997-08-26)–4 September 1997 (1997-09-04) – "Scripture, Tradition and the Gift of Authority in the Church", Alexandria, Virginia[2]
  31. ^ 25 August 1998 (1998-08-25)–3 September 1998 (1998-09-03) – "The Gift of Authority: Authority in the Church III" - produced an agreed statement, Palazzola, Rocca di Papa, Italy[2]
  32. ^ 26 August 1999 (1999-08-26)–2 September 1999 (1999-09-02) – "Review of Reactions to The Gift of Authority. Preliminary Discussion of Marian Issues", Mississauga, Ontario, Canada[2]
  33. ^ 26 August 2000 (2000-08-26)–4 September 2000 (2000-09-04) – "Marian issues", Paris, France[2]
  34. ^ 27 August 2001 (2001-08-27)–4 September 2001 (2001-09-04) – "Marian Issues", Dublin, Ireland[2]
  35. ^ 10 July 2002 (2002-07-10)–18 July 2002 (2002-07-18) – "The Place of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Life and Doctrine of the Church", Vienna, Austria[2]
  36. ^ 10 July 2003 (2003-07-10)–18 July 2003 (2003-07-18) – "Marian Issues", West Palm Beach, Florida[2]
  37. ^ 28 January 2004 (2004-01-28)–3 February 2004 (2004-02-03) – "Marian Issues and Final Document"; "Mary: Grace and Hope in Christ" - produced an agreed statement, Seattle, Washington[2]
  38. ^ 17 May 2011 (2011-05-17)–27 May 2011 (2011-05-27) – on the theme "Church as Communion — local and universal.", Bose, Italy[23]
  39. ^ 3 May 2012 (2012-05-03)–10 May 2012 (2012-05-10) – Kowloon, Hong Kong[26]
  40. ^ 29 April 2013 (2013-04-29)–7 May 2013 (2013-05-07) – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil[27]
  41. ^ 12 May 2014 (2014-05-12)–20 May 2014 (2014-05-20) – Botha's Hill, South Africa[28]
  42. ^ 28 April 2015 (2015-04-28)–4 May 2015 (2015-05-04) – produced two draft documents, Palazolla, Italy[29]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Davey was co-secretary until July 1974 and Hill was co-secretary from August 1974.
  2. ^ An agreed statement is published by the commission and neither an official statement of the Catholic Church nor an official statement of the Anglican Communion.
  3. ^ Bishop of Birmingham, England (1982–1999)
  4. ^ Presiding Bishop and Primate of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (1999–2003)
  5. ^ Archbishop of Perth and Anglican Primate of Australia (2003—)
  6. ^ Bishop of Arundel and Brighton, England (1982–1999)
  7. ^ Archbishop of Seattle, USA (1999—)
  8. ^ Christopher Hill 1967–1990; Stephen Platten 1990–1994; Donald Anderson 1994–1996; David Hamid 1996–2002; Gregory Cameron 2003—
  9. ^ Richard L. Stewart 1983–1985; Kevin McDonald 1985–1993; Timothy Galligan 1993–2001; Donald Bolen 2001—

References[edit]

  1. ^ James, Barry (19 May 1992). "Anglican Leader Challenges Vatican Stand on Birth Control". New York Times. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak "Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC)". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement. Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  3. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1968-01-02). Written at Malta. "A vision for unity: the Malta report". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  4. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic Joint Preparatory Commission (1971-09-08). Written at Windsor, England. "Agreed Statement on Eucharistic Doctrine". prounione.urbe.it (agreed statement). Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  5. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1979-01-29). Written at Salisbury, England. "Elucidation [on the 1971 'Agreed Statement on Eucharistic Doctrine']". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  6. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1973). Written at Canterbury. "A statement on the doctrine of the ministry". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  7. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1979-01-20). Written at Salisbury, England. "Elucidation [on the 1973 statement on the doctrine of the ministry]". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  8. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1976). Written at Venice. "Authority in the Church I". prounione.urbe.it (agreed statement). Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  9. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1981). "Elucidation [on the document 'Authority in the Church']". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  10. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1981). Written at Windsor. "Authority in the Church II". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  11. ^ Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1981). Written at Windsor, England. "The Final Report". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  12. ^ Lambeth Conference (1988-08-14). "Resolution 8 – Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission (ARCIC)". anglicancommunion.org. London: Anglican Communion Office. 
  13. ^ Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity (1991-12-16). "The Catholic Church's response to the Final Report of ARCIC I". L'Osservatore Romano 50 (1220) – via vatican.va. 
  14. ^ Second Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (September 1993). "Clarifications of certain aspects of the agreed statements on eucharist and ministry". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  15. ^ Second Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1986). Written at Llandaff, Wales. "Salvation and the Church". prounione.urbe.it (agreed statement). Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  16. ^ Second Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1990-09-06). Written at Dublin, Ireland. "Church as Communion". prounione.urbe.it (agreed statement). Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  17. ^ Second Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1993). Written at Venice, Italy. "Life in Christ: morals, communion and the church". prounione.urbe.it (agreed statement). Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  18. ^ Westmore, Peter (July 1999). "New ARCIC document on Papal authority". AD2000: a journal of religious opinion (Balwyn, VIC, AU: Peter Westmore for the Thomas More Centre) 12 (6): 6. OCLC 56316974. 
  19. ^ Second Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (1998). Written at Palazzola, Rocca di Papa, Italy. "The gift of authority: authority in the church III". prounione.urbe.it. Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  20. ^ Second Anglican – Roman Catholic International Commission (2004). Written at Seattle, Washington. "Mary: grace and hope in Christ". prounione.urbe.it (agreed statement). Rome, IT: Franciscan Friars of the Atonement – via Centro Pro Unione. 
  21. ^ Gledhill, Ruth (2007-02-19). "Churches back plan to unite under Pope". The Times (London). 
  22. ^ "Anglican-Roman Catholic International Commission III (ARCIC-III): communiqués & press releases". iarccum.org. International Anglican-Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission. Archived from the original on 2015-09-27. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  23. ^ a b "Communiqué: ARCIC III at Bose, Italy" (Press release). International Anglican-Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission. 2011-05-27. Archived from the original on 2016-01-14. Retrieved 2016-01-14. 
  24. ^ "Anglican—Catholic Dialogue opens new phase". zenit.org (New York: Innovative Media). Zenit News Agency. 2011-02-03. Archived from the original on 2011-02-15. 
  25. ^ a b Kerr, David (2011-05-17). "As new round of Anglican-Catholic talks begin, some question the purpose". catholicnewsagency.com (Denver, CO). Catholic News Agency. Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. 
  26. ^ "Communiqué from the meeting of ARCIC III in Hong Kong" (Press release). International Anglican-Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission. 2012-05-10. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  27. ^ "ARCIC meeting in Brazil makes progress on joint statement" (Press release). International Anglican-Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission. 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  28. ^ "ARCIC III talks make progress in South Africa" (Press release). International Anglican-Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission. 2014-05-20. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  29. ^ "Communiqué: ARCIC III at Palazzola, Italy" (Press release). International Anglican-Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission. 2015-05-04. Retrieved 2016-01-13. 
  30. ^ Davies, Michael (July 1992). "Truth prevails: the Vatican response to ARCIC)". Christian Order (London). ISSN 0009-5559. Archived from the original on 2003-02-28. 
  31. ^ Miller, Peter W. (2002-01-04). "The futility of ARCIC". seattlecatholic.com. Seattle, WA: Seattle Catholic. Archived from the original on 2002-02-04. 
  32. ^ Petre, Jonathan (2003-12-01). "Church unity talks fail over gay bishop". The Daily Telegraph (London). ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 2004-03-06. 
  33. ^ Combe, Victoria (2008-07-12). "Synod: agonies of a broad church". The Tablet (London). pp. 8–9. ISSN 0039-8837. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Greenacre, Roger, and Dennis Corbishley. Study Guide to the Final Report of the Anglican—Roman Catholic International Commission. London: Catholic Truth Society: S.P.C.K., 1982. N.B.: At head of title: "English Anglican/Roman Catholic Committee". ISBN 0-85183-511-2

External links[edit]