Anglo-Belgian Memorial, London
The Anglo-Belgian Memorial, also known as the Belgian Gratitude Memorial or the Belgian Refugees Memorial, is a war memorial on Victoria Embankment in London, opposite Cleopatra's Needle. It was a gift from Belgium, as a mark of thanks for assistance given by the UK during the First World War, and in particular for sheltering thousands of Belgian refugees who fled from the war. It is a Grade II* listed building.
Plans for a Belgian war memorial in London were proposed by a group of Belgians in 1916, to be funded by public subscription. The memorial was designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield. Its main feature is a central bronze sculpture by Belgian sculptor Victor Rousseau, who himself spent time as a refugee in London during the war. The sculpture was cast by A.B. Burton at the Thames Ditton Foundry. It depicts a Belgian woman, accompanied by a boy and a girl carrying garlands of flowers. The bronze stands on a stone plinth which bears the inscription, "To the British nation from the grateful people of Belgium, 1914–1918".
The central group is sheltered by a curved screen wall of Portland stone, which bears two further relief sculptures (now quite worn) representing "Justice" (left) and "Honour" (right). The wall also bears carved wreaths and nine heraldic shields, representing the provinces of Belgium: Brabant, Antwerp, Liège, Hainault, Namur, Limburg, Luxembourg, East Flanders and West Flanders.
Vandals damaged the memorial in July 1920, while it was under construction, and for a time it was guarded by a nightwatchman. It was unveiled by Princess Clémentine of Belgium at a ceremony on 12 October 1920, the fifth anniversary of the execution of British nurse Edith Cavell in Brussels. The ceremony was attended by the Prime Minister of Belgium Leon Delacroix, and the gift was formally accepted on behalf of the British nation by Lord Curzon. In response, an Anglo-Belgian Memorial was erected in Brussels in 1923, designed by British sculptor Charles Sargeant Jagger.
The memorial became a Grade II listed building in 1970, and was upgraded to Grade II* in 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anglo-Belgian War Memorial (London).|
- Belgian Monument to the British Nation, National Heritage List for England, English Heritage
- London: Anglo-Belgian Memorial, Twentieth Century Society
- The London War Memorials, English Heritage
- First World War Centenary Marked by Upgrading Listed Status of London War Memorials, English Heritage, 16 July 2014
- Belgian Refugees Memorial
- Anglo-Belgian Memorial – The Embankment, London, UK, waymarking.com
- People of Belgium memorial, Imperial War Museum
- Monument: Belgium's Gratitude, London Remembers
- Belgian Memorial Unveiled On Embankment 1920, British Pathé