Anglo-Nubian goat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Anglo-Nubian
a long-eared white-belted brindled chestnut goat with a similarly-marked kid
Conservation status
  • FAO (2007): not at risk[1]: 145 
  • DAD-IS (2022): not at risk (world-wide)
  • DAD-IS (2022): endangered (UK)[2]
Other namesNubian
Country of originUnited Kingdom
Distributionmore than sixty countries
Usedual-purpose, meat and dairy
Traits
Weight
  • Male:
    up to: 140 kg (310 lb)[3]: 357 
  • Female:
    up to: 110 kg (240 lb)[3]: 357 
Height
  • Male:
    average: 90 cm (35 in)[3]: 357 
  • Female:
    average: 80 cm (31 in)[3]: 357 
Wool colourvariable: usually black, chestnut, cream, fawn or white, often patterned
Horn statuseither polled or with small horns
The Anglo-Nubian is characterised by large, pendulous ears and a convex profile.
Billy

The Anglo-Nubian is a British breed of domestic goat. It originated in the nineteenth century from cross-breeding between native British goats and a mixed population of large lop-eared goats imported from India, the Middle East and North Africa.[3]: 356  It is characterised by large, pendulous ears and a convex profile. It has been exported to many parts of the world, and is found in more than sixty countries.[4] In many of them it is known simply as the Nubian.[4]

History[edit]

The Anglo-Nubian breed originated in the British Isles in the nineteenth century from cross-breeding between traditional native prick-eared British goats and a mixed population of large lop-eared goats imported from India, the Middle East and North Africa.[3]: 356  Many of these were brought to British shores by steamers of the P & O Steamship Company, which routinely loaded goats on board before starting a homeward voyage from the Orient, so as to have milk and fresh meat available during the voyage. Some of these goats were commonly off-loaded and sold when the ships docked; regardless of their actual place or port of origin, they were often referred to as "Nubians" in the later nineteenth century. Among them were examples of the Egyptian Zaraibi, which significantly influenced the development of the Anglo-Nubian.[3]: 356 

Anglo-Nubian goats grooming each other within a zoo.

Three billies were particularly influential on the breed: an Indian Jamnapari imported in 1896; another Indian goat, this from Chitral; and a Zaraibi imported at about the same time.[3]: 357  The first registrations in the herd-book were in 1910, and no further use was made of imported breeding stock thereafter.[3]: 357 

Some were exported to the West Indies in the early twentieth century, and from there some entered the United States,[3]: 357  where the first arrivals were in 1909.[5]: 8  Others were exported to Brazil.[3]: 357 

In 2017 the Anglo-Nubian was reported under various names from more than sixty countries of the world.[2] Its conservation status at world level was listed by the FAO as "not at risk" in 2007,[1]: 145  and was reported to DAD-IS as "not at risk" in 2020. In the United Kingdom its status in 2020 was "endangered";[2] it was not among the goat breeds on the goat watchlist of the Rare Breeds Survival Trust.[6]

Characteristics[edit]

An Anglo-Nubian goat in a pen at a zoo.

The Anglo-Nubian is a large goat, characterised by long legs, a markedly convex facial profile, and long pendulous lop ears. The head is carried high; it may either be polled or have small downward-curved horns.[3]: 357  In nannies the coat is short and smooth, in billies it is somewhat rougher and longer. It may be of any of a wide range of colours, either solid or in various brindled, marbled or mottled patterns; among the most frequent are white, cream, fawn, chestnut and black.[3]: 357 

Use[edit]

The Anglo-Nubian is a dual-purpose goat, reared both for goat's meat and for milk. Kids fatten quickly for meat production. The milk yield is not as high as in some Swiss goat breeds, but the milk has a higher percentage of fat. Nannies give approximately 3.9 kg of milk per day, with an average fat content of about 4.8%. The highest recorded 24-hour yield is some 8.25 kg, while the highest authenticated annual yield is over 2500 kg.[3]: 357 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Accessed January 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Breed data sheet: Nubian & Anglo-Nubian / United Kingdom (Goat). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed January 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  4. ^ a b Transboundary breed: Anglo-Nubian. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed March 2017.
  5. ^ Jerry Belanger, Sara Thomson Bredesen (2018). Storey's Guide to Raising Dairy Goats, fifth edition. North Adams, Massachusetts: Storey Publishing. ISBN 9781612129334.
  6. ^ Goat watchlist. Kenilworth, Warwickshire: Rare Breeds Survival Trust. Accessed December 2020.