Pakistan–United Kingdom relations
Formerly part of the British Empire, Pakistan became independent from the UK in 1947 under the terms of the Indian Independence Act. At this point the Dominion of Pakistan was still nominally part of the British Empire, until it became a separate Republic in 1956.
In 2018, Pakistan and the United Kingdom signed the UK-Pakistan Prisoner Transfer Agreement allowing foreign prisoners in both countries to serve their sentences in home country.
The United Kingdom and Pakistan have High Commissioners, a position which often fulfills the role ambassador within the Commonwealth, in the other country. The current High Commissioner for the UK in Pakistan is Thomas Drew, and Pakistan's High Commissioner to the UK is currently Mohammad Nafees Zakaria.
Since 1988 there has been a tax treaty in place between the two countries designed to prevent individuals or businesses being taxed for the same income twice, and to prevent tax avoidance.
In 2012 the Prime Ministers of both countries launched a Trade and Investment Roadmap to increase trade between the countries. Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, Pakistani Interior Minister, recently stated bilateral visits between the countries would be arranged to support trade relations.
Both nations were part of a Cold War alliance called the Central Treaty Organization, which the UK saw as important in containing the expansion of Soviet influence in the region, while Pakistan joined partly in the hope of attracting economic benefits from the West. Pakistan's intelligence agency the ISI was formed by British officers in their departure from India, the ISI maintains extensive links with UK intelligence services and operations inside the UK. The British government regards the Baluchistan Liberation Army as a terrorist organization, it was proscribed in July 2006. Regular meetings and discussions on national security and counter-terrorism regularly take place between the governments of the two countries.
Position on Kashmir dispute
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson has stated "the longstanding position of the UK" as supporting for India and Pakistan to find "a lasting solution to the situation in Kashmir taking into account the wishes of the Kashmiri people."
- Foreign relations of the United Kingdom
- Foreign relations of Pakistan
- British Pakistanis
- Inter-Services Intelligence activities in the United Kingdom
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