The West Indies Federation, which was part of the Anglophone Caribbean
|Population||6.8 million (2018)|
The term Commonwealth Caribbean is used to refer to the independent English-speaking countries of the Caribbean region. Upon a country's full independence from the United Kingdom, Anglo Caribbean or Commonwealth Caribbean traditionally becomes the preferred sub-regional term as a replacement to British West Indies.
The independent island-nations that are considered as Commonwealth Caribbean include:
- Antigua and Barbuda
- The Bahamas
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Trinidad and Tobago
Commonwealth Caribbean also refers to the independent English-speaking country known as the "Mainland Caribbean". This includes:
Sometimes, it also includes the current Caribbean British overseas territories, although they are usually just referred to as the "British West Indies," and they include:
- Bermuda (sometimes not considered Caribbean, due to its geographic location in the North Atlantic Ocean)
- British Virgin Islands
- Cayman Islands
- Turks and Caicos Islands
Between 1958 and 1962, there was a short-lived federation between several Anglophone Caribbean countries, called the West Indies Federation.
The Anglophone Caribbean makes up a composite cricket team. The West Indies cricket team also includes Guyana, as another former British colony. Bermuda, the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, and the English-speaking Dutch West Indies also participate in Anglophone Caribbean-related sports activities such as 20/20 Cricket.
Informal Anglophone communities in Central America
In addition to these formally recognized countries, there are substantial communities of Anglo-Caribbean origin along the Atlantic or Caribbean coast of Central America, as a part of the Western Caribbean Zone. These communities, which began forming in the seventeenth century, include areas of Nicaragua and Honduras that made up the Miskito Kingdom which was under British protection after 1740, the Garifuna community which was deported to the coast in 1797 and took up English as its language, and the many and numerous Anglophone Caribbean people who were brought to Central America by the canal companies (the French and American Panama canal efforts), railroad companies, and particularly the fruit companies, such as United Fruit after the 1870s and particularly in the first decades of the twentieth century. Many have never fully integrated into the otherwise Spanish-speaking communities in which they reside, such as the Caracoles of Honduras.
- English-speaking world
- Anglo America
- British West Indies
- West Indies Federation
- Caribbean Community
- Caribbean English
- Dutch Caribbean, French Caribbean and Hispanophone Caribbean (for other parts of the Caribbean)
- Languages of the Caribbean
- Staff writer (1989). "The Commonwealth Caribbean". Library of Congress, USA. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- Mawby, Spencer. Ordering Independence: The End of Empire in the Anglophone Caribbean, 1947-69 (Springer, 2012).
- U.S. Library of Congress - The Commonwealth Caribbean