Angola Avante

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Angola Avante!
English: 'Onwards Angola'

National anthem of  Angola
LyricsManuel Rui Alves Monteiro, 1975
MusicRui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas [pt]
Adopted1975
Audio sample
"Angola Avante" (instrumental)

"Angola Avante" (English: "Onwards Angola", lit. "Angola onward") is the national anthem of Angola. Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas [pt] composed the music, while the lyrics were authored by Manuel Rui Alves Monteiro. It was adopted as the national anthem in November 1975, when the country gained its independence from Portugal. The lyrics make reference to several key events of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which has been in power since independence and was the only party in Angola until 1992.

History[edit]

"Angola Avante" was composed by Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas [pt].[1][2] The lyrics to the song were penned by Manuel Rui Alves Monteiro[1] (1941–), an author who studied in Huambo and is affiliated with both the country's Writer Union and Union of Artists and Composers.[3] He is one of the best-selling writers in the capital city Luanda – according to an "informal survey" conducted in July 2003[3] – and writes about "everyday life" in the country using satire and irony.[3] The song was officially designated as the country's national anthem in 1975, when the country gained independence on November 11 of that year.[1] It is enshrined under Article 164 of the constitution of Angola.[4]

Proposed changes[edit]

Its lyrics refer to several key events in the history of the MPLA. However, this has been rendered "obsolete" since the end of the one-party state in 1992.[5] As a result, there have been efforts to modify the national anthem, along with other national symbols.[5][6] However, none of these have come to fruition, and the anthem remains unchanged as of 2014.[1]

Context of lyrics[edit]

The lyrics of "Angola Avante" allude to how the country and its people will progress forward in the future.[7] It has been classified by The Daily Telegraph′s Ivan Hewett as one of several contemporary national anthems that convey "a more martial tone" inspired by "La Marseillaise".[8]

Lyrics[edit]

Portuguese (official language)[edit]

Portuguese original
IPA transcription

I
Ó Pátria, nunca mais esqueceremos
Os heróis do quatro de Fevereiro.
Ó Pátria, nós saudamos os teus filhos
Tombados pela nossa Independência.
𝄆 Honramos o passado e a nossa História,
Construindo no Trabalho o Homem novo. 𝄇

Coro:
Angola, avante!
Revolução, pelo Poder Popular!
Pátria Unida, Liberdade,
Um só povo, uma só Nação!

II
Levantemos nossas vozes libertadas,
Para glória dos povos Africanos,
Marchemos combatentes Angolanos,
Solidários com os povos oprimidos,
𝄆 Orgulhosos lutaremos pela Paz,
Com as forças progressistas do mundo. 𝄇

Coro[9][10][11]

1
[ˈɔ ˈpatɾjɐ | ˈnũkɐ ˈmajz ɨʃkɨsɨˈɾemuʃ]
[uz iˈɾɔjʒ du ˈkwatɾu dɨ fɨvɨˈɾɐjɾu ǁ]
[ˈɔ ˈpatɾjɐ | ˈnɔʃ sawˈdɐmuz uʃ ˈtewʃ ˈfiʎuʃ]
[tõˈbaduʃ ˈpeɫɐ ˈnosɐ ĩdɨpẽˈdẽsjɐ ‖]
𝄆 [õˈɾɐmuz u pɐˈsadu jɐ ˈnosɐ iʃˈtɔɾjɐ |]
[kõʃtɾuˈĩdu nu tɾɐˈbaʎu u ˈɔmẽj̃ ˈnovu ‖] 𝄇

[ˈkoɾu]
[ɐ̃ˈgoɫɐ | ɐˈvɐ̃tɨ ‖]
[ʁɨvuɫuˈsɐ̃w | ˈpeɫu puˈde(ɾ) pupuˈɫa(ɾ) ‖]
[ˈpatɾjɐ uˈnidɐ | ɫibɨɾˈdadɨ |]
[ˈũ ˈsɔ ˈpovu | ˈumɐ ˈsɔ nɐˈsɐ̃w ‖]

2
[ɫɨvɐ̃ˈtemuʒ ˈnosɐʒ ˈvozɨʒ ɫibɨɾˈtadɐʃ |]
[pɐɾɐ ˈgɫɔɾjɐ duʃ ˈpovuz ɐfɾiˈkɐnuʃ |]
[maɾˈʃemuʃ kõbɐˈtẽtɨz ɐ̃guˈɫɐnuʃ |]
[suɫiˈdaɾjuʃ kõ uʃ ˈpovuz opɾɨˈmiduʃ |]
𝄆 [oɾguˈʎozuʒ ɫutɐˈɾemuʃ ˈpeɫɐ ˈpaʃ |]
[kõ ɐʃ ˈfoɾsɐʃ pɾugɾɨˈsiʃtɐʒ du ˈmũdu ǁ] 𝄇

[ˈkoɾu][12]

Kikongo (national language)[edit]

Kongo
IPA transcription

I
E nsi'eto, katulendi kubavilakana ko
N'nûngi mya kya n'nya kya ngond'a n'zole.
E nsi, kûnda tukûndânga bana baku
Bazîmbana mu diambu dya kimpwânza kyeto.

𝄆 Zitisa tuzitisânga mavioka ye kinkulu kyeto,
Mu salu kyeto, tunga tutungânga muntu’a mpa. 𝄇

Ngola, nda kuntwala!
Nsobolo muna lendo kya n'kangu!
Nsi'a vukana, (muna) kimpwanza!
Nkang'umosi, n'toto mosi!

Tutumbula ngolo ndinga zeto zayambulwa
Mu dyambu dya nkangu mya Afrika.
Makesa ma Ngola, diata tudiata
Muna kintwadi ye nkangu mina mu kinkole.

𝄆 Yinga, mu yadisa ngemba, nwana tunwana mvita
Vamosi ye ngolo zawonso za ntomosono ya nza. 𝄇

Ngola, nda kuntwala!
Nsobolo muna lendo kya n'kangu!
Nsi'a vukana, (muna) kimpwanza!
Nkang'umosi, n'toto mosi![13]

/e nsijetɔ | katuleⁿdi kubaʋilakana kɔ/
/n̩.nuːŋi mʲa kʲa n̩.nja kʲa ŋɔⁿda n̩zɔle ǁ/
/e nsi | kuːⁿda tukuːⁿdaːŋa bana baku/
/baziːᵐbana mu djaᵐbu dja kimpwaːⁿza kʲetɔ ǁ/

𝄆 /zitisa tuzitisaːŋa maʋjɔka je kinkulu kʲetɔ |/
/mu salu kʲetɔ | tuŋa tutuŋaːŋa muntuwa mpa ǁ/ 𝄇

/ŋɔla | ⁿda kuntwala ǁ/
/nsɔbɔlɔ muna leⁿdɔ kʲa n̩kaŋu ǁ/
/nsija ʋukana | (muna) kimpwaⁿza ǁ/
/ŋkaŋumɔsi | n̩tɔtɔ mɔsi ǁ/

/tutuᵐbula ŋɔlɔ ⁿdiŋa zetɔ zajaᵐbulwa/
/mu djaᵐbu dja ŋkaŋu mʲa aːfrika ǁ/
/makesa ma ŋɔla | djata tudjata/
/muna kintwadi je ŋkaŋu mina mu kiᵑkɔle ǁ/

𝄆 /jiŋa | mu jadisa ŋeᵐba | nwana tunwana ᵐʋita/
/ʋamɔsi je ŋɔlɔ zawɔnsɔ za ntɔmɔsɔnɔ ja ⁿza ǁ/ 𝄇

/ŋɔla | ⁿda kuntwala ǁ/
/nsɔbɔlɔ muna leⁿdɔ kʲa n̩kaŋu ǁ/
/nsija ʋukana | (muna) kimpwaⁿza ǁ/
/ŋkaŋumɔsi | n̩tɔtɔ mɔsi ǁ/

English translation[edit]

Oh Fatherland, we shall never forget
The heroes of the Fourth of February.
Oh Fatherland, we salute your children
Who died for our Independence.
𝄆 We honour the past and our History,
As by our work we build the New Man. 𝄇
Chorus:
Forward, Angola!
Revolution through the power of the People:
A United Country, Freedom,
One People, one Nation!
Let us raise our liberated voices
For the glory of the peoples of Africa.
We shall march, Angolan fighters,
In solidarity with oppressed peoples.
𝄆 We shall fight proudly for Peace
Along with the progressive forces of the world. 𝄇
Chorus:
Forward, Angola!
Revolution through the power of the People:
A United Country, Freedom,
One People, one Nation![11]

In popular culture[edit]

The name of the national anthem is used as a nickname for an inter-community association football competition held to boost sports activities both in Angola and among people from the Portuguese-speaking African countries (PALOP) living in Portugal.[14] Hosted in Portugal in 2011 and 2013, the latter tournament featured teams from Brazil, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, and São Tomé and Príncipe.[15] The 2011 sporting event coincided with and honoured the 36th anniversary of the independence of Angola.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Angola". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  2. ^ "Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas". Naxos.com. Naxos Records. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c James, W. Martin (May 5, 2011). Historical Dictionary of Angola. Scarecrow Press. p. 170. ISBN 9780810874589.
  4. ^ Angola Country: Strategic Information and Developments. International Business Publications. March 20, 2009. p. 182. ISBN 9781438701677.
  5. ^ a b Minahan, James (December 1, 2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems: Volume 2. Greenwood Press. p. 776. ISBN 9780313345005.
  6. ^ Savimbi, Jonas (July 9, 1995). "Lessons learned in Angola". The Washington Times. p. B4. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  7. ^ Power, Marcus (2012). "Angola 2025: The Future of the 'World's Richest Poor Country' as Seen through a Chinese Rear-View Mirror". Antipode. 44 (3): 995. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8330.2011.00896.x. (registration required)
  8. ^ Hewett, Ivan (July 26, 2011). "National anthems – must we hear more of them?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  9. ^ "Hino Angolano". República de Angola Consulado Geral no Rio de Janeiro. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  10. ^ "Anexo III – Hino Nacional, "Angola Avante"". ConstituicaoRepublicaAngola. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  11. ^ a b "Angola National Anthem Lyrics". Lyrics on Demand. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  12. ^ Transcription was derived from https://european-portuguese.info/ipa# with slight adjustments.
  13. ^ "Hino nacional de Angola em Kikongo". Wizi-Kongo (in Portuguese). 2016-10-16. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  14. ^ a b "Angola and Cape Verde in 'Angola Avante' cup finals". Angola News Agency (ANGOP). November 2, 2011. Archived from the original on August 16, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  15. ^ "Country through to final of 'Angola Avante' football tournament". Angola News Agency (ANGOP). November 5, 2013. Archived from the original on August 16, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.

External links[edit]