Angolan rousette

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Angolan fruit bat
Lissonycteris angolensis skull.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Pteropodidae
Genus: Lissonycteris
Species: L. angolensis
Binomial name
Lissonycteris angolensis
Bocage, 1898
Angolan Rousette area.png
Angolan rousette range
Synonyms
  • Rousettus angolensis
  • Bocage, 1898 Cynonycteris angolensis
  • Bocage, 1898

The Angolan fruit bat or Angolan rousette (Lissonycteris angolensis) is a species of megabat in the family Pteropodidae. It is found in Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, moist savanna, and rocky areas.

Taxonomy and etymology[edit]

It was described in 1898 by Portuguese zoologist José Vicente Barbosa du Bocage. Bocage initially placed it in the now-defunct genus Cynonycteris, with a binomial of C. angolensis.[2] Its species name "angolensis" is Latin for "Angolan," likely in reference to the fact that the holotype was collected near Pungo Andongo in Angola.

Description[edit]

Its forearm length is 68–90 mm (2.7–3.5 in) and it weighs 60–87 g (2.1–3.1 oz).[3]

Biology and ecology[edit]

It is frugivorous. Consumed fruits include fruits of various trees, including fig trees, Anthocleista, Milicia excelsa, and Adenia.[3]

Range and habitat[edit]

The Angolan rousette has a wide range encompassing parts of West, East, and Central Africa. It is found from sea level to 4,000 m (13,000 ft) above sea level.[1]

Conservation[edit]

As of 2017, it is evaluated as a least-concern species by the IUCN. It meets the criteria for this classification because it has a wide geographic range; its population is presumably large; its range includes protected areas; its not likely to be in rapid population decline; and it tolerates a degree of anthropogenic habitat disturbance.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bergmans, W.; Hutson, A.M.; Mickleburgh, S.; Monadjem, A. (2017). "Lissonycteris angolensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T44698A22073874. 
  2. ^ Bocage, J. V. (1898). "Sur un nouvelle espèce de Cynopterus d'Angola". Jornal de sciencias mathematicas, physicas e naturaes. 2. 5 (19): 133–135. 
  3. ^ a b Kingdon, J.; Happold, D; Butynski, T.; Hoffmann, M.; Happold, M.; Kalina, J. (2013). Mammals of Africa. 4. A&C Black. pp. 264–265.