Angolar Creole

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Angolar Creole
Native toSão Tomé and Príncipe
Native speakers
5,000 (1998)[1]
Portuguese Creole
  • Lower Guinea
    • Angolar Creole
Language codes
ISO 639-3aoa

Angolar Creole is a minority Portuguese-based creole language of São Tomé and Príncipe, spoken in the southernmost towns of São Tomé Island and sparsely along the coast, especially by Angolar people. It is also called by its native speakers as n'golá. It is a creole language, based on Portuguese with a heavy substrate of a dialect of Kimbundu (port. Quimbundo), a Bantu language from inland Angola, where many had been enslaved.

According to their external history, the following three types of creole have been distinguished:

  1. plantation creoles,
  2. fort creoles,
  3. maroon creoles

(Bickerton 1988)

Angolar Creole is considered a maroon creole.[3]


  1. ^ Angolar Creole at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Angolar". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^