Angul

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This article is about the municipality in Odisha, India. For its namesake district, see Angul district.
Angul
ଅନୁଗୋଳ
Urban agglomeration/City
Jagannath Temple, Angul
Jagannath Temple, Angul
Nickname(s): Aluminium City
Angul is located in Odisha
Angul
Angul
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°47′50″N 85°1′26″E / 20.79722°N 85.02389°E / 20.79722; 85.02389Coordinates: 20°47′50″N 85°1′26″E / 20.79722°N 85.02389°E / 20.79722; 85.02389
Country  India
State Odisha
District Angul
Government
 • Collector & District Magistrate Sachin R Jadhav[IAS]
Population (2011)
 • Total 44,390
Languages
 • Official Odia
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 759122
Telephone code 06764
Vehicle registration OD-19/OR-19
Nearest city Cuttack, Bhubaneswar
Sex ratio 893 female per 1000 male /
Literacy 68%
Lok Sabha constituency Dhenkanal
Climate according to weather (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 47 °C (117 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 10 °C (50 °F)
Website www.angul.nic.in

Angul (also known as Anugul) About this sound pronunciation  (Odia: ଅନୁଗୋଳ) is a town and a municipality and the headquarters of Angul district in the state of Odisha, India.

Geography[edit]

Anugul is located at 21°13′N 86°07′E / 21.21°N 86.11°E / 21.21; 86.11.[1] It has an average elevation of 195 m (640 ft) above sea level. The total geographical area of the district is 6232 km2. From the point of view of area it stands 11th among the 30 Districts of Orissa.

Climate[edit]

Climate The climatic condition of Angul is much varied. It has mainly 4 seasons. The summer season is from March to Mid June, the period from Mid June to September is the Rainy season, October and November constitute the post monsoon season and winter is from December to February. The best time to visit this district is during winter.

Rainfall The average annual rainfall of the district is 1421 mm. However, there is a great variation of rainfall from year to year. The rainfall in the district during the last 10 years varied between 896 mm & 1744 mm. There are 70 rainy days on an average in a year, but it varies from 66 at Athamallik to 80 at Pallahara. The distribution of rainfall is also quite erratic causing widespread drought year after year.2013 was marked by Cyclone Phailin that caused extensive rainfall resulting to floods.

Temperature There is a meteorological observatory in the district. The data of this observatory may be taken as representative of the meteorological condition of the whole district. The hot season commences by beginning of March. May is the hottest month with a mean daily maximum temperature at 44 degree Celsius. With the onset of monsoon, early in June day temperature drops appreciably. After withdrawal of monsoon by the 1st week of October both day and night temperature began to diminish steadily. December is usually coldest month of a year with a mean daily minimum temperature of 11 degree Celsius. In association with the passage of western disturbances across north India during winter months short spells of cold occur and the minimum temperature drops down to 10 degree Celsius. The lowest minimum temperature was 5.2 degree Celsius in Angul and neighborhood are hottest part of the district and have lower rainfall. The summer temperature has shown as increasing trend in recent past.

Winds Winds are generally light to moderate with some increase in force in the summer and southwest monsoon seasons. Winds usually blow from southwest and northwest directions in the monsoon. In the post monsoon and cold seasons winds blow between the west and north. In the summer months the winds become variable in direction.2013 cyclone Phailin rose wind speed gusts to 100kmph.

Rare Weather Phenomenon The district is affected by hailstorm and depressions in the monsoon season and in October, when winds increase in force and widespread heavy rain occurs. Thunder storms, occurs mostly in the afternoon in the summer months and in October. The hailstorm, which occurred on 12 April 2002, caused heavy damage in the Angul town and nearby villages. Occasional dense fog occurs in the cold seasons causing poor visibility.

Climate data for Angul(1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.2
(97.2)
38.2
(100.8)
42
(108)
46.8
(116.2)
50.9
(123.6)
46.4
(115.5)
44.0
(111.2)
38.2
(100.8)
38.7
(101.7)
36.4
(97.5)
32.0
(89.6)
30.3
(86.5)
50.9
(123.6)
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
30.9
(87.6)
35.5
(95.9)
38.9
(102)
39.8
(103.6)
36.2
(97.2)
32.1
(89.8)
31.4
(88.5)
32.1
(89.8)
32.3
(90.1)
30.0
(86)
27.7
(81.9)
32.9
(91.22)
Average low °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
18.2
(64.8)
21.0
(69.8)
24.4
(75.9)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
24.4
(75.9)
23.9
(75)
24.1
(75.4)
20.7
(69.3)
18.2
(64.8)
15.1
(59.2)
21.46
(70.63)
Record low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
7.2
(45)
13.4
(56.1)
19.8
(67.6)
23.2
(73.8)
21.4
(70.5)
20.4
(68.7)
18.3
(64.9)
17.9
(64.2)
14.1
(57.4)
11.2
(52.2)
7.7
(45.9)
5.2
(41.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.0
(0.354)
20.9
(0.823)
25.0
(0.984)
36.9
(1.453)
75.6
(2.976)
210.1
(8.272)
260.3
(10.248)
325.3
(12.807)
206.5
(8.13)
100.8
(3.969)
26.7
(1.051)
3.1
(0.122)
1,300.2
(51.189)
Source: India Meteorological Department [2]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Angul had a population of 38,022. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Anugul has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 58% of the males and 42% of females literate. About 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

As Angul is a commercial and industrial centre of Odisha, it has a developed transportation network. It is well connected with the capital Bhubaneswar, cuttack and other part of Odisha

Rail[edit]

Angul Railway Station is on the Barang Jn.–Sambalpur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line in the East Coat Railway Zone headquartered at Bhubaneswar. Important train routes to Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Visakhapatnam make it helpful for Angul citizens to commute to other parts of nation.

Road[edit]

Centrally located in the state of odisha it has well connectivity to other major cities. NH 42 connects Angul to Cuttack at NH 5 in the east & sambalpur in the west. NH 23 connects to northern towns of Talcher & rourkela. Besides other major state highways have access to other important places.

Air[edit]

Savitri Jindal Airport handles the Air traffic. Nearby major international airport is located at Bhubaneswar which is 143 km from Angul.

Angul airport runway has been designed with rigid pavement 1260 M X 30 M with PCN 32 equipped with PAPI for day operations. 1 Hangar is available to accommodate large aircrafts having wing span up to 29 M. Highly professional engineers are now planning extension of Angul Runway up to length 1600 M so as to facilitate operations of higher category aircrafts. There is also work going on for the installation of DVOR as a navigational aid at Angul. It can accommodate parking of 3 aircrafts.

The passenger terminal can handle 35 passengers.The passenger terminal have been carefully designed and also have luxury lounges available for VIP comfort. Air Traffic Control at Angul are managed by experienced ATCO and has a team of dedicated safety personnel. It has also been equipped with state of the art Weather Display system. Airside Ambulance, Fire brigade and security are also available all the time.

Tourist Places[edit]

  1. Budhi Thakurani: The temple of Budhi Thakurani is situated in one side Sunasagad hill which is in the middle place of the Angul town. The Bigraha of the Goddess is made in Black Granite stone and looks like a pillar.
  2. Jagannath Mandir: Saila Shreekhetra, Odisha's second biggest temple of Lord Jagannath, Situated near Maa Budhi Thakurani Temple.
  3. Satkosia Tiger Reservation Project situated at Tikarapada, is One of the famous Picnic Spot. You can find very natural beauty near the riverbank of Mahanadi.
  4. Deulajhari : Hot spring The Deulajhari hot water spring originates from below a Shivalinga which attaches a distinct religious attribute to it. The hot water from the Deulajhari spring is collected into 36 man made ponds which circumscribe a Shiva Temple. 50 percent of the springs in the region are cold springs which lies attached to the hot springs, this very phenomenon is considered to be a miracle of nature. The waters of the Deulajhari hot spring is believed to contain medicinal properties that can heal a number of diseases and therefore travelers and pilgrims come here for curative and religious purposes. As per the ancient records there were eighty-four such springs. But many of these have been overshadowed in the jasmine forest. Now twenty-four springs are alive. Among these, the springs bearing the names like Agnikunda, Taptakunda, Himakunda, Amrutakunda and Labakusakunda are prominent ones. The temperature of water in these springs varies from 40 degree Celsius to 62 degree Celsius.Most Important and unique thing of this hot spring is two ponds are attached with water flowing to each other and one pond is having hot water where as another is cold. This is the most interesting and unbelievable thing of Deulajhari hot spring of Athmallik,Angul District.

Recreation[edit]

Angul has a few recreation parks: Children's Park, Gopabandhu Park, Zoological & Botanical garden, NALCO township park. Angul & NALCO stadium are host to important state and national level tournaments.

Angul Kalakendra and Sabha Ghara hosts the State level and National Level Drama and Dancing competitions held annually.

The city has three movie theaters DivyaJyoti Talkies, Kanchan Talkies & Asha Talkies (Banalpal) that screens local and national releases.

Media[edit]

Angul has a FM radio station of All India Radio (A.I.R)broadcasting at 100.1Mhz. Print media Sambad, Dharitri, Samaya & Prameya publish Angul.

Health[edit]

Angul has a few good Health care institutions.

  1. Kalinga Eye Hospital, 6th Lane, Amalapada
  2. District Headquarters Hospital
  3. NALCO Hospital, Nalconagar
  4. Samal Care, Banarpal
  5. Pradhan Nursing Home,Angul
  6. Chandan Nursing Home,Angul
  7. Central Hospital,Talcher

Politics[edit]

In Loksabha general election 2014, Mr. Nagendra Pradhan (BJD) & Mr. Tathagat Satpathy (BJD) were elected from Sambalpur & Dhenkanal loksabha constituency respectively. Angul is part of Dhenkanal (Lok Sabha constituency).

Current MLA from Angul Assembly Constituency is Rajanikant Singh of BJD who is elected in 2014 Assembly election and he was also minister in Government of odisha, Dept. of Steel and mines, who won the seat in State elections of 2004 & 2009.His father Adwait Prasad Singh had won this seat in 2000 as BJD candidate, in 1990 as JD candidate and in 1977 as JNP candidate. Earlier MLAs from this seat were Ramesh Jena of INC in 1995, Prafulla Mishra of INC in 1985, and Santosh Kumar Pradhan of INC(I) in 1980.[4]

During the 2007 election Zilla Parisad elected Er. Sasmita Naik (Congress) as president. Due to any problem she resigned from her post. That's why another election took place in which Mr. Santosh Kumar Naik (BJD) was elected as President.

Girija Nandini Sahoo of BJD is the current President Zilla Parishad,Angul.She will hold the post from 2012-2017.[5]

Economy[edit]

The last few years has witnessed a steep rise in the Economy of Angul District, with the setting up of the various public sector undertakings like National Aluminium Company Limited (NALCO), Mahanadi Coal Fields Limited (MCL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) and Talcher Thermal Power Station (TTPS). There has been an increase in the total production of power from 15.5 MT to 36.5 MT, with the revenue increasing by a staggering 400%. The present power operational levels of NTPC and NALCO are 3460 MW and 840 MW respectively, with strong possibilities of this figure increasing in the near future. Here, there is also the presence of a heavy water plant and a coal washer.

The District Industries Center functioning in the District promotes its various industrial activities. Bauxite mines, Alumina Refinery, Aluminium Smelter, Captive Power Plant and etc. also contribute to the District’s Economic growth. One of the major coalfields is the Talcher coalfield, which contains huge reserves of power grade non-coking coal. Engineering Units, Rice Mills, Hotels, Fly Ash Brick units, Stone Crushers, Service Units, Bleaching units, Bread and Bakery units, Tyre Ret reading units, Flour Mills and Spices Grinding units etc. are some of the small-scale industries functioning here. In the rural areas, Chuda Mills, Oil Expellers, Spices Grinding Units etc. have been set up, catering to the needs of the rural people. Dhokra casting works, Terracotta works, Wood carvings, Art textiles and Soft toys etc. are some examples of the crafts that have also been generating revenues for this District. The artisans dealing with Pottery, Carpentry, Stone crushing, Brick making, Spices grinding, Paddy processing, Beedi making, Khali stitching and Bamboo basket making etc. have been assisted by the State Government, through its Odisha Khadi and Village Industries Board.

Agriculture is the major contributor to the District’s Economy with about 2, 16,403 hectares of land being cultivated, providing direct and indirect employment to about 70% of the total workforce of the District as per the 2001 census. The major crops of the Kharif season are paddy, maize, ragi, oilseeds, pulses, small millets and vegetables etc. Paddy, wheat, maize, field pea, sunflower, garlic, ginger, potato, onion, tobacco, sugarcane and coriander etc. are the major Rabi crops cultivated in the District.

Education[edit]

Angul has a few good educational and technical institutions. It houses many Oriya, Hindi, and English-medium schools of HSC, CBSE and ICSE Curriculum.

Colleges[edit]

  1. Government Autonomous College, Angul
  2. Govt. Polytechnic, Angul
  3. Kalinga Institute of Mining Engineering and Technology (KIMET),Chhendipada (angul)
  4. Women's College, Angul
  5. Narayani Institute of Engineering & Technology (N.I.E.T)
  6. Raneswar Institute of management and Information Technology, Angul
  7. Adarsh Engineering College, Angul
  8. Purna Chandra Institute of Engineering and Technology, Chhendipada, Angul
  9. PABITRA MOHAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, Manikapara, Talcher

Sports[edit]

Angul Stadium is a cricket ground which was established in 1999 and is owned by Angul District Sports Association. The ground has been constructed with support from National Aluminum Company Ltd and Sports Department, Government of Orissa. The stadium will have capacity of 2,000 person with a pavilion which includes VIP gallery and club house.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Anugul
  2. ^ "Angul Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 116-Angul Constituency of ODISHA". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  5. ^ odishapanchayat.gov.in/download/ZP_Presidents2012-2017.pdf

External links[edit]