|Established||1 April 1993|
|• Collector||Sachin R Jadhav[IAS]|
|• Total||6,232 km2 (2,406 sq mi)|
|Elevation||875.5 m (2,872.4 ft)|
|• Density||199/km2 (520/sq mi)|
|• Official||Odia, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||0.942 ♂/♀|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||5|
|Precipitation||1,421 millimetres (55.9 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||47 °C (117 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||10 °C (50 °F)|
|Forest Coverage:||2,716.82 km²|
Angul district (odia:ଅନୁଗୋଳ ଜିଲ୍ଲା) is located in the center of the state of Odisha and lies between 20° 31 N & 21° 40 N latitude and 84° 15 E & 85° 23 E longitude. The altitude is between 564 and 1187 metres. The district has a total area of 6232 km2. It is bounded by Dhenkanal and Cuttack district in the east, Deogarh, Kendujhar and Sundargarh district in north, Sambalpur and Sonepur in west and Boudh and Nayagarh in the south side. The district is abundant with natural resources, which ultimately help the district to contribute maximum amount of revenues to the state government. Angul, The district headquarters is about 150 kilometers from the state capital Bhubaneswar.
Even though Angul district blessed with rich natural resources, it is the hottest district in India where maximum temperature goes up to 550C during summer because of large number of heavy industries and Talcher coal mine is situated in this district.
A recent study jointly conducted by Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT-D) and Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) reveals that Angul district is among the top 10 most polluted Indian cities where the pollution level reached to a 'very alarmingly' level.
Angul district is divided into a number of Blocks, Tehsils and subdivisions to ease in administration. They are:
- Angul Sadar
- Athamalik Sadar
- Talcher Sadar
- Pallahada Sadar
According to the 2011 census Angul district has a population of 1,271,703, roughly equal to the nation of Estonia or the US state of New Hampshire. This gives it a ranking of 380th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 199 inhabitants per square kilometre (520/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.55%. Anugul has a sex ratio of 942 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 78.96%.
A bridge between western and coastal areas of Odisha where the prehistoric and protohistoric relics are found in village Bhimakund, Kankili, Kulei, Samal, Sanakerjang, Kaliakata, Paranga, Kerjang, Ogi, Tikarapara and Pallahara. The geographical location of Angul made the Bhanjas of Angulaka-pattana, the Sulkis of Kodalaka Mandala, the Nandodbhavas of Airavatta Mandala, the Tungas of Yamagartta Mandala rule over it. But all through the rules of different dynasties, Angul has retained her cultural identity which is much more prominent than its political establishments.
Legend says that ancient angul was the land of tribals such as Gonds, Kandhas, Sabaras and ruled by these brave tribal chieftains.Whole Angul was divided into number of small feduals and all chieftains were independent. But due to inter-rivalry they were disposed by near by bigger kingdom and former feduals were made to pay a certain tax to King.One of the fedual king name "Anu" started a rebellion against that bigger kingdom. But the bigger king with the help of Mathura's Rajputs suppressed the rebellion of fedual king "Anu".As there was a war between both party and in local language "war" is "Golmala" so the name derived Anugol=Anu+Gol(mala). Subsequently this Anugol became Angul. Officially Government named this area name Angul in 1896.
The Bhaumakaras declined by the middle of the 10th Century AD when the eastern part of Odisha including the Dhenkanal region passed to the hands of the Somavamsis of South Kosala. The Somavamsis in their turn, were ousted by the Gangas and Odisha was occupied by Chodagangadedva some time before 1112 AD. The Ganga rule lasted as long as till 1435 AD when a new Solar dynasty founded by Kapilendradeva came to power. About the year 1533-34, Govinda Vidyadhar put an end to the Suryavamsi rule and started the rule of Bhoi dynasty, which lasted up to 1559 when Mukundadeva, belonging to the Chalukya family, forcibly occupied the throne. In 1568, the Afghans of Bengal invaded Odisha, and defeated and killed Mukundadeva after which Odisha came under their occupation. During all this period of dynastic changes, Angul played no remarkable role in history and this territory simply passed from one political authority to the other. During the rule of Suryavamsis and the Bhois & subsequently some new feudal states developed as self-contained political units. These are Angul, Talcher, Pallahara and Athamallik.
Somanath Singh Jagadev was the last independent king of Angul and he ruled for a long period of 33 years from 1814 to 1847 when he was deposed by Government according to Doctrine of Lapse.His imperial capital is Krushnadevagara,currently known as Purunagada village 15 km from Angul town.Still the ruins of his fort remains there inside lush and pristine jungle of Purunagada.One can find king's family deity or kuladevata God Madanmohan temple is worshiped by villagers with a lot of devotion.King was a spirited and a head-strong ruler and although ruled his territory with considerable efficiency, he incurred displeasure nor only among the neighbouring Feudatory Chiefs of Dhenkanal, Hindol, Daspalla, Baudh, and Athmallik but also among the British Officers by his head-strong dealings and outspoken nature. His State was confiscated by the Government in their Resolution, dated 16 September 1848. Angul thus passed under the direct rule of the British and was administered by the Superintendent of the Tributary Mahals, through the agency of an officer known as Tehsildar, who collected revenue and administered justice, until in 1891 when Angul was constituted a separate district.The statue of king Somanath Singh Jagadev is situated at the heart of Angul city.
Big industries like National Aluminium Company (NALCO), Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Jindal Steel and Power Limited (JSPL), Bhusan Steels Ltd., BRG ltd. etc. are situated in the district.This heavy industries along with a lot of small industries is contributing enormous amount of money to state as well as countries GDP. East Coast Railway's highest earning railway station is Talcher Railway station.
Though out of two blocks of Angul district i.e. Angul and Talcher but other two blocks i.e. Palahara and Athamalik are left behind in this quest for progress and has significant amount of poor and tribal people are residing in these blocks.
NALCO : This is a blue chip company in the Indian Aluminium sector. National Aluminium Company Limited is the largest integrated Bauxite-Alumina-Aluminium complex in Asia. Nalco's 2.18 lac tpa capacity Aluminium Smelter and its 720 MW Captive Power Plant are located in Angul. Nalco's Smelter came up in 1984 and since then the district has developed economically and socially. Nalco's manufacturing plants and township called Nalco Nagar are located at 5 km from Angul town, by the side of National Highway NH-42. Nalco manufactures primary Aluminium metal in the form of Ingots, Wire Rods, Sow moulds, Billets and strips. Nalco's Aluminium is exported to over 30 countries around the world and it also has a share of 30% of the domestic Aluminium market.
NTPC : The National Themal Power Corporation, India's leader in power generation has 2 numbers of thermal power plant in Angul district. One, NTPC/TTPS located 7 km from Talcher on the way to Bhubaneswar is of 460MWs and the other one, the bigger one NTPC/TSTPS also known as NTPC Kaniha is of 3000 MW super thermal power station located at Kaniha, in Angul. The beneficiary states from the power generation are Odisha, Bihar, Sikkim, Damodar Valley Corporation, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Southern States. Coal for the power generation is sourced from the Talcher Coal Field and water for the thermal power is taken from Samal Barrage Reservoir. The location of NTPC, Talcher is at Kaniha which is 60 km from Angul. NTPC Kanhia has its own township for its 1500 employees.
MCL : Mahanadi Coal Field Limited is located in Talcher (20 km from Angul), a well known mining centre of coal. A unit of Coal India Limited, MCL was previously under SECL (South Eastern Coal Field Ltd.). The major mines under MCL are the Ananta Colliery, Dera colliery & Balanda colliery.
FCI : The Fertilizer Corporation of India has its unit in Talcher, Angul. One of the oldest industries of this area, FCI Talcher has faced problems in its viable operation. Hence, the plant has faced a closure since 1998. The township & plants do exist, waiting for much needed revival. As per a recent report RCF (Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers) plans to revive the FCI plant in Talcher with a capital outlay of about Rs. 3000 crores.
HWP : The Heavy Water Plant is located in Talcher (20 km from Angul), is a Govt. of India organisation under the aegis of Ministry of Atomic Power & Energy. This plant is involved in production of Organic Solvents like TBP, D2EFHA, TAPO & TOPO etc. and other allied chemicals required as a part of the Nuclear Power Programme of the country.
TTPS : Talcher Thermal Power Station was one of the oldest power generation plant of the Government of Odisha, with a capacity of 460 MW power generation and it is located in Talcher. Coal for the power generation is sourced from the Talcher Coal Field and water for the thermal power is taken from nearby Brahmani river. It faced problems in its operations and was in the reds. The company was taken over by NTPC and its operation has once again become economically viable. The power plant is run efficiently by NTPC since 1998.
JSPL : Jindal Steel and Power Ltd is another major industry which has come up in Angul district with a capital investment of Rs. 20,000.00 crores for setting a steel producing facility and a 1500 MW power generation unit. JSPL plans to commission the first phase of its 6 million tonne per annum (MTPA) steel plant in Angul district by mid-2014. In the first phase, it will have a capacity of 1.8 mtpa.
BSSL : Bhushan Steel and Strips Ltd is in the process of setting up a power plant and an advanced hot rolling plant on 1,618 acres (6.55 km2) at Angul, at a cost of Rs. 5,200 crores. It is also in talks with the State Government for the allotment of additional 3,500 acres (14 km2) to enable it to triple the planned capacity of 2.2 million tonnes (mt) in about five years. The Angul plant has already started producing 110 MW, sponge iron and billets production is close to 0.5 million tonnes.
Though one of the most industrialized district of India, Angul has one of the largest and magnificent natural beauties i.e. Satakosia tiger reserve. As the mighty Mahanadi takes a sharp turn here, It has created one of the deepest gorges of India. Satakosi got his name from his gorge as 'Sata' means Seven and 'Kosha' means Mile in Odia. Inside this reserve there is Tikarapada Wildlife Sanctuary. It is famous for the endangered crocodile species "Gharial" Breeding Center. It is of 795.52 sq km area where virgin jungles and a lot of wildlife animals are dominating this part of world.
Another great natural resources and beauties like Rengali Dam & Samal Barage over Brahmani River, hot water spring at Deulajhari in its Athmallik sub-div, Panchadhara hills, Budhi Thakurani & Lord Jagannath Temple, the unique puppet dance.
Places of worship
Anugul - Budhi Thakurani Temple built on a small hill. Recently a huge Jagannatha Temple known as Saila Srikhetra has also been built near the Budhi Thakurani temple. This Jagannath Temple is the exact replica of Puri Jagannath Temple and has been built over a small hill.
Location : It is 60 kilometers from the district headquarters and 200 kilometers from Bhubaneswar. This place is famous for the Gharial Crocodile Sanctuary, which is situated on the bank of River Mahanadi. Wildlife lovers can have a chance to watch tiger, leopard, elephant, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, mouse deer, nilagai, four-horned antelope and sloth bear. Wild dogs used to be sighted often. Many resident birds frequent this place. Reptiles like the Gharial, mugger crocodile, fresh water turtle and poisonous and non-poisonous snakes can also be sighted. This site is popular among the tourists as a trekking hotspot. Tikarapada is also famous for the Satakoshia George of river Mahanadi, and its lush green forest.
Coordinates: 21°26'16"N 85°15'25"E
The Shiva temple under the foothills of Malyagiri (also known as Malayagiri) is a pilgrim place for the people of the district. Lord Shiva abodes here under the name of Girishwara, meaning the lord of the mountains.The word Girishwara forms combining Giri(Mountain) and Ishwara (God).The waterfall near the temple is major attraction. The waterfall is a small one with a height of 10–12 feet. The khuludi village is 25 Kilometers far from pallahara, 104 Kilometers from dist headquarter Angul via National Highway 23 (India) and 153 Kilometers from Ispat city Rourkela via SH 10A and National Highway 23 (India) .
One more important place from both religious and natural beauty point of view is Deulajhari, better known as the ancient citadel of Saivism. The temple has been consecrated amidst lush indigenous-jasmine forest (locally known as Kiabana) that stands as the high walls. To the south of the temple flows the sacred river Chitrotpala, and in the north stands the towering hills of Panchadhara. The uniqueness of the place lies in its hot springs that surround the temple. As per the ancient records, there were eighty-four such hot springs in and around the place. But as of now there are as many as twenty-four springs still active. Among these springs, the most popular are Agnikunda, Taptakunda, Himakunda, Amrutakunda and Labakusakunda. The temperature of water in these springs varies from 40 degrees Celsius to 62 degrees Celsius.
It is near to Angul, just 5 km from district headquarters. There is a famous ashram named as Purunapani located in this village. The Famous Mandaragiri mountain is also in this village.
Vidhan sabha constituencies
|No.||Constituency||Reservation||Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)||Member of 14th Assembly||Party|
|59||Pallahara||None||Pallahara, Kaniha (part)||Mahesh Sahoo||BJD|
|60||Talcher||None||Talcher (M), Talcher, Kaniha (part)||Braja Kishore Pradhan||BJD|
|61||Angul||None||Angul (M), NALCO (C. T), Angul (part), Banarpal (part)||Rajani Kant Singh||BJD|
|62||Chhendipada||SC||Chhendipada, Banarpal (part)||Sushanta Behera||BJD|
|63||Athmallik||None||Athmallik (NAC), Athmallik, Kishorenagar, Angul (part)||Sanjeeb Kumar Sahoo||BJD|
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- hindu.com:Angul-Talcher seventh most polluted industrial cluster in the country
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Estonia 1,282,963 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
New Hampshire 1,316,470
- Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
- Seats of Odisha
- "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
||Debagarh district||Sundargarh district||Kendujhar district|
|Sambalpur district||Dhenkanal district|
|Nayagarh district||Cuttack district|