|Principality (Duchy) of Anhalt-Dessau|
|Fürstentum (Herzogtum) Anhalt-Dessau (German)|
Anhalt duchies, 1847–63:
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
|•||Partitioned from Anhalt-Zerbst||1396|
|•||Partitioned to create A-Köthen||1471|
|•||Partitioned to create A-Plötzkau and A-Zerbst||
|•||Annexed back to A-Zerbst (later: Anhalt)||
|•||Raised to duchy||1807|
|•||Merged with Anhalt-Köthen||1853|
|•||Duchy of Anhalt reunited||1863|
|Today part of||Germany|
Anhalt-Dessau was a principality and later a duchy located in Germany. It was created in 1396 following the partition of the Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst. The capital of the state was Dessau. Anhalt-Dessau experienced a number of partitions throughout its existence with Anhalt-Köthen being created in 1471. The principality was partitioned for a second time in 1544 with Anhalt-Zerbst and Anhalt-Plötzkau being created. From 1561 until 1603 Anhalt-Dessau was under the rule of the Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, and in 1603 Anhalt-Dessau was recreated, being raised to a duchy in 1807.
Anhalt-Köthen became extinct on the death of the Duke of Anhalt-Köthen, 23 November 1847, and its territories were united to Anhalt-Dessau by Patent of 22 May 1853. Following the death of the last Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg on 19 August 1863, all of the Anhalt lands came under the rule of the Duke of Anhalt-Dessau who then took the new title of Duke of Anhalt for the newly created Duchy of Anhalt.
Rulers of Anhalt-Dessau
- Sigismund I 1396–1405
- George I 1405–1474
- Ernest I 1474–1516
- Joachim I 1516–1561
To Anhalt-Zerbst 1561.
- John George I 1603–1618
- John Casimir 1618–1660
- John George II 1660–1693
- Leopold I 1693–1747
- Countess Henriette Catherine of Nassau regent 1693–1697
- Leopold II 1747–1751
- Leopold III 1751–1807
- Prince Dietrich regent 1751–1758
Raised to Duchy 1807.
Renamed Duchy of Anhalt 1863.
- Hertslet 1875, p. 245.