Anies Baswedan

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Anies Baswedan
Gubernur Anies.jpg
17th Governor of Jakarta
Assumed office
16 October 2017
Deputy Sandiaga Uno (2017-2018)
currently vacant
Preceded by Djarot Saiful Hidayat
27th Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia
In office
27 October 2014 – 27 July 2016
President Joko Widodo
Preceded by Muhammad Nuh
Succeeded by Muhadjir Effendy
Rector of Paramadina University
In office
2007–2015
Preceded by Nurcholish Madjid
Succeeded by Firmanzah
Personal details
Born Anies Rasyid Baswedan
(1969-05-07) 7 May 1969 (age 49)[1]
Kuningan, West Java, Indonesia[1]
Nationality Indonesian
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Fery Farhati Ganis
Children 4
Parents
  • Rasyid Baswedan (father)
  • Aliyah Rasyid (mother)
Alma mater
Occupation
Signature

Anies Rasyid Baswedan (born 7 May 1969) is an Indonesian academic, activist, and politician who currently serves as the Governor of Jakarta.

A student activist and political analyst before entering public service, he served as rector of Paramadina University before being appointed to be Minister of Education and Culture in Joko Widodo administration. He is the founder of Indonesia Mengajar, a program that selects, trains, and assign university graduates to serve in a one-year teaching mission across the country.

Early life and education[edit]

Anies Rasyid Baswedan was born on 7 May 1969, in Kuningan, West Java to a Hadhrami-Javanese father and a Sundanese mother. His grandfather, Abdurrahman Baswedan, was a prominent Arab-Indonesian activist who served as a cabinet minister during the Indonesian National Revolution. Baswedan grew up in Yogyakarta, attending SMP Negeri 5 and SMA Negeri 2 Yogyakarta. In 1987, he spent one year as an AFS Intercultural Programs exchange student in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Returning to Indonesia, Baswedan enrolled at Gadjah Mada University in his hometown of Yogyakarta, spending a summer attending Summer Session of Asian Studies at Sophia University in Tokyo and graduating with a degree in business management. As a Fulbright Scholar, he went to receive his M.P.P. in international security and economic policy from the University of Maryland School of Public Policy (where he was a William P. Cole III Fellow), and Ph.D. in political science from Northern Illinois University, where he was a Gerald S. Maryanov Fellow.[2]

Academic and educational activism[edit]

On May 2007, Baswedan was appointed as rector (equivalent of president) of Paramadina University, a private university in Jakarta. He succeeded Nurcholish Madjid, a prominent liberal Muslim intellectual who had served as rector since its founding in 1998. As rector, Baswedan established Paramadina Fellowship and included anti-corruption education in the core curriculum, first of its kind in the country.

Baswedan rose to national prominence in 2009 when he initiated Indonesia Mengajar, a nationwide program that selects, trains, and assign university graduates to serve in a one-year teaching mission across the country. The program was established in response of unequal quality of education in Indonesia, particularly in the poor and rural parts of the archipelago.[3][4] Baswedan remained in the leadership until 2013, when he resigned in order to pursue his political career.

Public service[edit]

Politically, Baswedan had been an independent during early years of his career. He moderated the first debate of 2009 presidential election. He also served in several capacities during Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration. Baswedan served as official spokesperson for the so-called "Team of Eight", which was appointed by President Yudhoyono to oversee the infamous public feud between Corruption Eradication Commission and National Police, which saw two of the commissioners were criminally charged. On December 2011, he also served in a panel to select potential members of the General Election Commission.

In 2010, alongside prominent figures like Hamengkubuwono X of Yogyakarta and former Muhammadiyah chairman Ahmad Syafi'i Maarif, Baswedan co-founded Nasional Demokrat, a mass organization. He left soon after it was declared a political party led by media mogul Surya Paloh. Nasdem went to win legislative seats in the 2014 legislative election, becoming part of the Widodo coalition.

Joko Widodo presidential campaign[edit]

After his failed presidential bid, Baswedan joined Joko Widodo presidential campaign as official spokesperson. Widodo, a fellow Gadjah Mada graduate, was said to believe that his presence would gather votes from Indonesian youth voters, a demographic closely affiliated with Baswedan.[5][6]

After Widodo's victory on July 2014, Baswedan was appointed to manage the presidential transition office, led by Rini Soemarno. He helped the formation of the cabinet, working alongside Hasto Kristiyanto, Andi Widjajanto, and Akbar Faizal; all but Kristiyanto eventually became Cabinet ministers.[7]

Minister of Education and Culture[edit]

After the election win, Baswedan emerged as the front runner as the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture. On 27 October 2014 he was chosen to take the office. On 27 July 2016 he was replaced from his post as Ministry of Education and Culture by Muhadjir Effendy.[8]

Governor of Jakarta[edit]

Anies in a speech on the 90th anniversary of Canisius College.

He entered in the 2017 Jakarta gubernatorial elections, with Sandiaga Uno as his running mate.[9] Fabricated incidents leading to accusations by some religious groups that Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, commonly called Ahok, insulted Islam are seen as support for Baswedan and the third candidate, Agus, son of former president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. In the first round of voting on 15 February 2017, Baswedan secured passage to the second round run-off between two candidates, having secured approximately 40% of the vote, behind Ahok on 44%, and well ahead of Agus on 16%.[10] On 19 April 2017 Baswedan won the runoff election, with approximately 58% of the votes, ahead of Ahok's 42%.[11] He was officially inaugurated as governor on 16 October 2017, replacing Djarot Saiful Hidayat.[12]

In November 2017, he claimed that congestion in the Tanah Abang district was caused by pedestrians, instead of due to the street vendors conducting business on the area's sidewalks and roads.[13] The city administration followed through by closing a 400-meter road stretch for traffic (except for Transjakarta buses) in order to accommodate the street vendors, against criticism from pedestrians, public transport drivers and regular vendors.[14][15] Although some observers noted that the move might be a violation of national regulations, the street vendors and some city officials praised the move.[16]

Achievements[edit]

US magazine Foreign Policy named him as one of the top 100 public intellectuals in the world in May 2008[17] and the World Economic Forum included him in the 2009 Young Global Leaders. In April 2010, the Japanese magazine Foresight, a Tokyo-based international affairs magazine,[18] published a special report entitled: 20 Persons 20 Years. This report lists 20 persons (from all continents) to be watched in the next 20 years, Baswedan is included in that list along with names such as Vladimir Putin (Russia), David Miliband (UK), Hugo Chávez (Venezuela), and Rahul Gandhi (India).[19][20] He is the only person from Southeast Asia included in this list.[21] In July 2010, the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre in Jordan listed him in the 500 Most Influential Muslims in the world.[22] In November 2010, PASIAD of Turkey granted Baswedan the PASIAN Education Award for his roles in advancing education in rural areas of Indonesia.[23]

Works[edit]

Baswedan’s publications include “Political Islam in Indonesia: Present and Future Trajectory,” Asian Survey, a Bimonthly Review of Contemporary Asian Affairs published by University of California, Berkeley, Indonesian Politics in 2007: The Presidency, Local Elections and The Future of Democracy published by BIES, Australian National University and numerous op-ed articles in leading newspapers and magazines in Indonesia.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

Family of Anies Baswedan, 2013

He is married and lives in Jakarta. His grandfather, AR Baswedan, was a Minister of Information during the revolution and one of the founding fathers of Indonesia. He has four children: Mutiara, Mikail, Kaisar and Ismail.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Daftar Riwayat Hidup Calon Gubernur" [Biographical information of the gubernatorial candidate] (PDF). Anies Baswedan's Gubernatorial Campaign declaration (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Indonesian Electoral Commission. 2016. 
  2. ^ "Anies Baswedan CV" (PDF). turuntangan.org. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  3. ^ "Sejarah – Indonesia Mengajar". Indonesia Mengajar (in Indonesian). Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  4. ^ "Anies Baswedan berbagi inspirasi" (in Indonesian). BBC Indonesia. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  5. ^ Januarius Kuwado, Fabian (27 May 2014). "Ini Alasan Jokowi Minta Anies Baswedan Masuk Tim Suksesnya" (in Indonesian). Kompas. 
  6. ^ Syurkani, Panca (22 May 2014). "Anies Baswedan: Berani Ambil Pilihan Lalu Hadapi" (in Indonesian). Metro TV News. 
  7. ^ Nurcahyani, Ida (4 August 2014). "Jokowi resmikan Kantor Transisi" (in Indonesian). ANTARA News. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  8. ^ Ayomi Amindoni (27 July 2016). "Jokowi's new Cabinet announced". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  9. ^ Carina, Jessi (25 October 2016). Rastika, Icha, ed. "Agus-Sylvi Nomor 1, Ahok-Djarot Nomor 2, dan Anies-Sandiaga Nomor 3". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 21 December 2016. 
  10. ^ Ahok heading for Baswedan run-off in tense Jakarta vote, Al Jazeera, 16 February 2017
  11. ^ "Indonesian Muslim candidate wins Jakarta election – pollsters". Reuters. 19 April 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017. 
  12. ^ "Supporters greet new Jakarta leaders at Sunda Kelapa Mosque". The Jakarta Post. 16 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Study shows pedestrians cause traffic jams in Tanah Abang: Anies". The Jakarta Post. 7 November 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  14. ^ "Public minibus drivers oppose road closure in Tanah Abang". The Jakarta Post. 22 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  15. ^ "Pedagang Blok G Tanah Abang Heran dengan Kebijakan Anies Baswedan". Tribun News (in Indonesian). 23 November 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  16. ^ Retaduari, Elza Astari (23 December 2017). "Pujian dan Kritik untuk Wajah Baru Tanah Abang ala Anies". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 December 2017. 
  17. ^ "The Top 100 Public Intellectuals: Bios". Foreign Policy. April 2008. Archived from the original on 25 April 2008. 
  18. ^ Foresight – International Affairs Monthly Magazine Archived 27 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ "Anies Baswedan listed as world figure". The Jakarta Post. 3 May 2010. Archived from the original on 6 May 2010. 
  20. ^ "Anies Baswedan, Tokoh Perubahan Dunia". Kompas. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  21. ^ "Anies Baswedan Masuk "20 Tokoh Dunia 20 Tahun Mendatang"". ANTARA. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  22. ^ "The 500 Most Influential Muslims 2010" (PDF). Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  23. ^ Purwoko, Krisman (24 November 2010). "Anies Baswedan Peroleh Penghargaan PASIAD Turki" (in Indonesian). Republika. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  24. ^ Nurohmah, Aprilia (17 February 2017). "15 Potret kedekatan Anies Baswedan dengan anak-anaknya, ngemong banget". Brilio (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 April 2018. 

External links[edit]