Anifah Aman

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Anifah Aman
عنيفه بن أمان @ حنيف أمان
AnifahAmanUS (9to12).jpg
3rd President of the Love Sabah Party
Assumed office
26 July 2020
DeputyWilfred Bumburing
Preceded byWilfred Bumburing
Ministerial roles
1999–2004Deputy Minister of Primary Industries
2004–2008Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities
2009–2018Minister of Foreign Affairs
Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat
1999–2018Barisan Nasional
2018–2019Independent
Personal details
Born
Anifah bin Aman @ Haniff Amman

(1953-11-16) 16 November 1953 (age 69)
Keningau, Crown Colony of North Borneo
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO) (until 2018)
Independent (2018–2020)
Love Sabah Party (PCS) (since 2020)
Other political
affiliations
SpouseSiti Rubiah Abdul Samad
RelationsMusa Aman (elder half brother)
Children3 sons
Alma materUniversity College of Buckingham
OccupationPolitician

Anifah bin Haji Aman @ Haniff Amman (Jawi: عنيفه بن أمان @ حنيف أمان; born 16 November 1953) is a Malaysian politician. Presently he is the President of Love Sabah Party (PCS). He formerly had served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia from April 2009 to May 2018. Anifah is also the former Member of Parliament (MP) for Beaufort (1999-2004) and Kimanis (2004-2019) in Sabah. He was a former member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) which is part of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, until he quit to be an Independent politician in 2018.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Anifah is married to Siti Rubiah Abdul Samad and has 3 sons. He is the younger half brother of former Chief Minister of Sabah, Musa Aman.[2] His nephew, Yamani Hafez Musa who is Musa's son; is the MP for Sipitang.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

Anifah was first elected to Parliament in 1999 general election, winning the seat of Beaufort. He was immediately appointed Deputy Minister of Primary Industries in the government of Mahathir Mohamad. He shifted to, and won, the seat of Kimanis in the 2004 general election and became Deputy Minister for Plantation Industries and Commodities. After winning re-election in the 2008 general election, Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi appointed him as Deputy Transport Minister. However, Anifah refused, saying he felt it was "time to make way" for someone else. Reports indicated this was the first time anyone had refused an appointment as Deputy Minister after the appointment had already been made public.[3] A day later, the New Straits Times reported that Anifah and another proposed Deputy Minister, Tengku Azlan Abu Bakar, had "thrown a tantrum ... claiming they are 'senior enough' to be made full ministers". Abdullah reportedly told them that he had "picked the best people", leading to their resignations.[4]

Anifah meets with British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond in London on December 9, 2014.

After Najib Razak replaced Abdullah as Prime Minister in 2009, Anifah was promoted from the backbench to the Cabinet as Minister for Foreign Affairs.[5] During Anifah's tenure as Foreign Minister, Malaysia won election as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the 2015–2016 term.[6]

Amid retaining his Kimanis seat for the fourth consecutive term in the 2018 general election (GE14) which saw the downfall of BN's federal and state governments, Anifah announced his resignation from UMNO to be an independent MP in September 2018.[1] On 16 August 2019, the Malaysian Election Court however has voided his win in the GE14 after the court found serious discrepancies in the conduct of the election process by the Election Commission (EC).[7] He decided not to contest the 2020 Kimanis by-election called to focus on the subsequent 15th General Election instead.[8]

In March 2020, a new opposition front with Anifah Aman as the president had been planned for the merger of Parti Gagasan Rakyat Sabah (PGRS), Love Sabah Party (PCS), Parti Kerjasama Anak Negeri (Anak Negeri) and yet-to-be registered Parti Hak Sabah.[9] However the plan fizzles out after Anifah had joined and was elected as PCS president instead in July 2020.[10] He had become the new PCS president after winning the post uncontested during the party 2nd Biennial General Meeting (BGM) on 26 July 2020.[11][12]

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia[13][14]
Year Constituency Candidate Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1999 Beaufort Anifah Aman (UMNO) 16,009 62.27% Ak Aliuddin Pg (PBS) 9,209 35.82% 25,707 6,800 64.26%
2004 Kimanis Anifah Aman (UMNO) 9,655 63.83% Awang Tengah Awang Amin (PKR) 4,547 30.06% 15,126 5,108 70.11%
2008 Anifah Aman (UMNO) 10,242 58.97% Jaafar Ismail (IND) 4,789 27.58% 17,367 5,453 78.09%
Ismail Bongsu (PKR) 1,615 9.30%
Benjamin Basintal (IND) 205 1.18%
2013 Anifah Aman (UMNO) 13,754 59.36% Jaafar Ismail (PKR) 8,031 34.66% 23,170 5,723 87.01%
Jamil William Core (STAR) 650 2.81%
Lusin Balangon (SAPP) 240 1.04%
2018 Anifah Aman (UMNO) 11,942 46.80% Karim Bujang (WARISAN) 11,786 46.19% 25,519 156 86.16%
Jaafar Ismail (PHRS) 1,300 5.09%
Sabah State Legislative Assembly[15]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1994 Klias Anifah Aman (UMNO) 4,476 47.36% Lajim Ukin (PBS) 4,881 49.09% 9,468 405 78.68%
2020 Bongawan Anifah Aman (PCS) 3,598 28.16% Daud Yusof (WARISAN) 5,400 42.26% 12,778 1,802 76.35%
Ag Lahap Ag Bakar @ Ag Syairin (UMNO) 3,548 27.76%
Mohd Azree Abd Ghani (LDP) 232 1.82%

Honours[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Muguntan Vanar (19 September 2018). "Anifah: I quit Umno in the interest of Sabah rights". The Star. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Don't read too much into why Anifah declined post, says big brother Musa Aman". The Star. 20 March 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Sabah Chief Minister Datuk Musa Aman said his younger brother Datuk Anifah Aman had declined the Deputy Minister’s post as he had served in that capacity for two terms.
  3. ^ "Anifah Aman springs surprise, declines deputy minister's post". Bernama. New Straits Times. 18 March 2008. Archived from the original on 21 March 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2008.
  4. ^ "Two 'seniors' upset over positions". New Straits Times. 19 March 2008. Archived from the original on 24 March 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2008.
  5. ^ "Anifah touched to be given important portfolio". Bernama. The Sun. 11 April 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Malaysia at the UNSC". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  7. ^ Muguntan Vanar (17 August 2019). "Anifah Aman loses Kimanis seat". The Star. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Anifah confirms won't contest Kimanis by-election but to return in GE15". Malay Mail. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  9. ^ Hayati Dzulkifli and Sherell Ann Jeffrey (8 March 2020). "New Sabah opposition grouping is formed". Daily Express. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  10. ^ Muguntan Vanar (28 July 2020). "Anifah's planned Sabah opposition front fizzles out". The Star Online. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  11. ^ Shalina R On (26 July 2020). "Anifah new PCS president". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  12. ^ Durie Rainer Fong (26 July 2020). "Sabah party elects Anifah as president, to get new name". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout (including votes for candidates not listed).
  14. ^ "Sabah [Parliament Results]". The Star. Archived from the original on 18 May 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  15. ^ "N53 Senallang". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Sultan of Pahang's 74th birthday honours list". The Star. 26 October 2004. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  17. ^ "1,114 to receive Pahang honours". The Star. 24 October 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Highest state award for eight". Sandra Sokial. Borneo Post. 1 October 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2018.