Animal rights by country or territory

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Worldwide laws regarding the formal recognition of nonhuman animal sentience and suffering
  
National recognition of animal sentience
  
Partial recognition of animal sentience1
  
National recognition of animal suffering
  
Partial recognition of animal suffering2
  
No recognition of animal sentience or suffering
  
Unknown
1certain animals are excluded, only mental health is acknowledged, and/or the laws vary internally
2only includes domestic animals

Rights affecting non-human animals vary greatly by country or jurisdiction — encompassing everything from the legal recognition of non-human animal sentience to the absolute lack of any anti-cruelty laws with no regard for animal welfare.

Notably, as of November 2019, 32 countries formally recognize non-human animal sentience, they are: Austria, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.

It has been proposed that the United Nations pass the first resolution recognizing animal rights, the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare, which acknowledges the importance of the sentience of animals and human responsibilities towards them. The Great Ape Project is currently campaigning to have the United Nations endorse a World Declaration on Great Apes, which would extend to non-human great apes the protection of three basic interests: the right to life, the protection of individual liberty, and the prohibition of torture. Six countries currently ban the use of great apes for scientific research, and Austria is the only country in the world to ban experiments on lesser apes.

In 2009, Bolivia became the first country to ban all animal use in circuses.[1] The United States of America is the only country in the world that has banned killing horses for consumption, and India is the only country to have banned killing cows for consumption.

In 2014, the Jain pilgrimage destination of Palitana City in Indian state of Gujarat became the first city in the world to be legally vegetarian. It has banned buying and selling meat, fish, and eggs, as well as related jobs, such as fishing and animal farming.[2][3][4][5]

Global animal rights maps[edit]


Principal laws on animal rights[edit]

General Legislation
Country Recognition of animal sentience Recognition of animal suffering Anti-cruelty laws

meet OIE standards[10]

Any laws against animal cruelty Support at the

United Nations [a]

 Algeria[11] No No No Yes No
 Angola[12] No No No No No
 Argentina[13] No Yes No Yes No
 Austria[14] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 Australia[15] Yes Yes Partial - varies internally Yes No
 Azerbaijan[16] No No No No No
 Belarus[17] No No No No No
 Belgium[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[20] No Yes No Yes No
 Botswana[12] No No No Yes No
 Brazil[21] No Yes No Yes No
 Bulgaria[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Cambodia[22][23] No No No No Yes
 Canada[24] No Yes No Yes Yes
 Chile[25] Yes Yes No Yes Yes
 China[26] No Yes No Yes No
 Colombia[27] No Yes Yes Yes No
 Costa Rica[28][29] No Yes Yes Yes
 Croatia[19] Yes Yes Yes No
 Cyprus[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Czech Republic[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Democratic Republic of Congo[12] No No No No No
 Denmark[30] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Food
 Egypt[31] No Yes No Yes No
 Eritrea[32] No No No No No
 Estonia[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Ethiopia[33] No No No Yes No
 Finland[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Fiji[34][35] No Yes No Yes Yes
 France[36] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Germany[37] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Greece[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Food
 Hong Kong[38][39] No Yes No Yes No
 Hungary[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 India[40] No Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Animal Welfare Board
 Indonesia[41] Partial - mental health recognized Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Iran[42] No No No No No
 Ireland[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Italy[43] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Japan[44] No Yes No Yes No
 Kazakhstan[45] No No No Yes No
 Kenya[46] No Yes No Yes No
 Latvia[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Lesotho[12] No No No Yes -unenforced No
 Lithuania[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Luxembourg[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Madagascar[12] No No No No No
 Malawi[12] No Yes No Yes - unenforced No
 Malaysia[47] No Yes No Yes Yes
 Mali[48] No No No Yes No
 Malta[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Resources
 Mauritius[12] No No No No No
 Mexico[49] Partial - varies internally Yes No Yes No
 Mongolia[50] No No No No No
 Morocco[51] No No No No No
 Mozambique[12] No No No No No
 Myanmar[52] No Yes No Yes No
 Namibia[12] No Yes No Yes No
 New Zealand[53] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Netherlands[54] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Niger[55] No Partial - domesticated animals only No Yes No
 North Korea[56] No No No Yes No
 Norway[57] Partial - mental health recognized Yes No Yes No
 Paraguay[58] No Yes No Yes No
 Pakistan[59] No Yes No Yes No
 Peru[60] No Yes No Yes Yes
 Philippines[61][62] Partial - mental health recognized Yes No Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 Poland[63] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Portugal[18][19] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Romania[64] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Russia[65] No No No Yes No
 Saudi Arabia[66] No Yes No Yes No
 Seychelles[12] No No No No Yes
 Spain[67] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 South Africa[68] No Yes No Yes No
 South Korea[69] No Yes No Yes No
 Slovakia[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Slovenia[18][19] Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Swaziland[12] No Yes No Yes -unenforced No
 Sweden[70] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
  Switzerland[71] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Tanzania[72] Partial - some animals excluded Yes No Yes Yes
 Thailand[73] No Yes No Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 Turkey[74] Partial - mental health recognized Yes No Yes No
 Ukraine[75] No Yes No Yes No
 United Kingdom[76] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 United States[77] Partial - varies internally Yes Partial - varies internally Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 Uruguay[78] No Yes No Yes No
 Venezuela[79] No Yes No Yes No
 Vietnam[80] No No No No No
 Zambia[12] No Yes No Yes No
 Zimbabwe[12] No Yes No Yes No

Individual countries[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These countries have pledged to support the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Culture / society | Worldcrunch - Real news. True sources. Seriously international".
  3. ^ "In India, The World's First Vegetarian City". IndiaDivine.org. 2015-03-07. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  4. ^ "Jain monks want a ban on the sale of non-vegetarian food". The Independent. 2014-07-06. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  5. ^ van Popering, Ruben (2015). Jain Vegetarian Laws in the City of Palitana : Indefensible Legal Enforcement or Praiseworthy Progressive Moralism?. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
  6. ^ "Circus bans". Stop Circus Suffering. Retrieved 2019-11-03.
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2013-12-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-27. Retrieved 2008-06-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Nace el Parti Animaliste en Francia". Partido Animalista – PACMA.
  10. ^ "OIE standards on animal welfare: OIE - World Organisation for Animal Health". www.oie.int. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  11. ^ "Algeria: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "ANIMAL WELFARE IN OIE MEMBER COUNTRIES & TERRITORIES IN THE SADC REGION" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  13. ^ "Argentina | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  14. ^ "Austria: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  15. ^ "Australia | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  16. ^ "Azerbaijan: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  17. ^ "Belarus: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "European Commission - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - 934th Council meeting Agriculture and Fisheries Brussels, 23 March 2009". europa.eu. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Anonymous (2016-10-17). "Animal welfare". Food Safety - European Commission. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  20. ^ "Zakon o zaštiti i dobrobiti životinja" (PDF).
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  22. ^ "Animals Matter campaign goes from strength to strength". web.archive.org. 2012-04-20. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
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  25. ^ "Chile: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  26. ^ "China: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  27. ^ "Colombia | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  28. ^ "Costa Rica makes animal welfare a presidential matter". web.archive.org. 2012-04-21. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  29. ^ "Costa Rica | Animal Legal & Historical Center". www.animallaw.info. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  30. ^ "Denmark: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  31. ^ "Egypt: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  32. ^ "Penal Code of Eritrea, 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  33. ^ "Ethiopia: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  34. ^ "28/7/08 - Fiji to support Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare (UDAW) - Fiji Government Online". web.archive.org. 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  35. ^ "PROTECTION OF ANIMALS ACT 1954 - Laws of Fiji". www.laws.gov.fj. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  36. ^ "France: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  37. ^ "Germany: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  38. ^ "SPCA Hong Kong.. - Animal Cruelty and HK Law". www.spca.org.hk. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  39. ^ "Hong Kong e-Legislation". www.elegislation.gov.hk. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  40. ^ "India: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  41. ^ "Indonesia | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  42. ^ "Iran: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  43. ^ "Italy: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  44. ^ "Japan: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  45. ^ "Penal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan - "Adilet" ILS". adilet.zan.kz. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  46. ^ "Kenya: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  47. ^ "Malaysia: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  48. ^ "Mali Penal Code" (PDF).
  49. ^ "Mexico | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  50. ^ "Mongolia update Legislative Developments" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  51. ^ "Morocco: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  52. ^ "Myanmar | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  53. ^ "New Zealand: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  54. ^ "Netherlands | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  55. ^ "Niger: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  56. ^ "The Criminal Law of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (2009" (PDF). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  57. ^ "Noway - Cruelty - Norwegian Animal Welfare Act (2010) | Animal Legal & Historical Center". www.animallaw.info. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  58. ^ EL CONGRESO DE LA NACION PARAGUAYA SANCIONA CON FUERZA DE LEY. "LEY Nº 4840 DE PROTECCION Y BIENESTAR ANIMAL" (PDF).
  59. ^ "Pakistan: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  60. ^ "Peru | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  61. ^ "RA 8485". lawphil.net. Arellano Law Foundation. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  62. ^ "Philippines | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  63. ^ "Poland: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  64. ^ "Romania | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  65. ^ "Russia: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  66. ^ "MEWA Prohibits 8 Practices of Animal Cruelty in Saudi Arabia". www.mewa.gov.sa. Retrieved 2019-11-02.
  67. ^ "Spain | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  68. ^ "South Africa | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  69. ^ "Korea | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  70. ^ "Sweden: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  71. ^ "Switzerland: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  72. ^ "Tanzania: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  73. ^ "Thailand | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  74. ^ "Turkey | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  75. ^ "Ukraine: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  76. ^ "United Kingdom: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
  77. ^ "United States: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.[permanent dead link]
  78. ^ "Uruguay | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  79. ^ "Venezuela | World Animal Protection". api.worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-10-30.
  80. ^ "Vietnam: country profile". Worldanimalprotection.org. Retrieved 2019-01-29.