Animal rights by country or territory

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Animal rights vary greatly among countries and territories. Such laws range from the legal recognition of non-human animal sentience to the absolute lack of any anti-cruelty laws, with no regard for animal welfare.

As of November 2019, 32 countries have formally recognized non-human animal sentience. These are: Austria, Australia, Belgium, Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.[citation needed] It has been proposed that the United Nations (UN) pass the first resolution recognizing animal rights, the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare, which acknowledges the importance of the sentience of animals and human responsibilities towards them.[citation needed]

The Great Ape Project is currently campaigning to have the United Nations endorse a World Declaration on Great Apes, which would extend to non-human great apes the protection of three basic interests: the right to life, the protection of individual liberty, and the prohibition of torture.[citation needed] Six countries currently ban the use of great apes for scientific research, and Austria is the only country in the world to ban experiments on lesser apes.[citation needed]

In 2009, Bolivia became the first country to banish animal abuse and harm in circuses.[1] The United States of America is the only country in the world that has banned killing horses for consumption,[citation needed] and India is the only country to have banned killing cows for consumption in some of its states.[citation needed]

In 2014, the Jain pilgrimage destination of Palitana City in Indian state of Gujarat became the first city in the world to be legally vegetarian. It has banned buying and selling meat, fish, and eggs, as well as related jobs, such as fishing and animal farming.[2][3][4][5]

Global animal rights maps[edit]

Food production
Clothing and cosmetics
Entertainment

Council of Europe convention maps[edit]

Principal laws on animal rights[edit]

General Legislation
Country Recognition of animal sentience Recognition of animal suffering Anti-cruelty laws

meet OIE standards[10]

Any laws against animal cruelty Support at the

United Nations [a]

 Algeria[11][12] No No No Yes -unenforced No
 Angola[13] No No No No No
 Argentina[14] No Yes No Yes No
 Australia[15] Yes Yes Partial - varies internally Yes No
 Austria[16] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 Azerbaijan[17] No No No No No
 Belarus[18] No No No No No
 Belgium[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Bosnia and Herzegovina[21] No Yes No Yes No
 Botswana[13] No No No Yes No
 Brazil[22] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Bulgaria[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Cambodia[23][24] No No No No Yes
 Canada[25] Yes Yes No Yes Yes
 Chile[26] Yes Yes No Yes Yes
 China[27] No No No No No
 Colombia[28] No Yes Yes Yes No
 Costa Rica[29][30] No Yes Unknown Yes Yes
 Croatia[20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes No
 Cyprus[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Czech Republic[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Democratic Republic of Congo[13] No No No No No
 Denmark[31] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Food
 Egypt[32][33][34] No Yes No Yes -unenforced No
 Eritrea[35] No No No No No
 Estonia[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Ethiopia[36] No No No Yes No
 Fiji[37][38] No Yes No Yes Yes
 Finland[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 France[39] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Germany[40] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Greece[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Food
 Hong Kong[41][42] No Yes No Yes N/A (China responsible for foreign affairs)
 Hungary[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 India[43] No Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Animal Welfare Board
 Indonesia[44] Partial - mental health recognized Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Iran[45] No No No No No
 Ireland[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Italy[46] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Japan[47] No Yes No Yes No
 Kazakhstan[48] No No No Yes No
 Kenya[49] No Yes No Yes No
 Latvia[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Lebanon[50][51] Partial Yes Yes Yes No
 Lesotho[13] No No No Yes -unenforced No
 Lithuania[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Luxembourg[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Madagascar[13] No No No No No
 Malawi[13] No Yes No Yes - unenforced No
 Malaysia[52] No Yes No Yes Yes
 Mali[53] No No No Yes No
 Malta[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Resources
 Mauritius[13][54] No No No Yes No
 Mexico[55] Partial - varies internally Yes No Yes No
 Mongolia[56] No No No No No
 Morocco[57][58] No Yes No Yes -unenforced No
 Mozambique[13] No No No No No
 Myanmar[59] No Yes No Yes No
 Namibia[13] No Yes No Yes No
 New Zealand[60] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Netherlands[61] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Niger[62] No Partial - domesticated animals only No Yes No
 North Korea[63] No No No Yes No
 Norway[64] Partial - mental health recognized Yes No Yes No
 Pakistan[65] No Yes No Yes No
 Paraguay[66] No Yes No Yes No
 Peru[67] No Yes No Yes Yes
 Philippines[68][69] Partial - mental health recognized Yes No Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 Poland[70] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Portugal[19][20] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Romania[71] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Russia[72] No No No Yes No
 Saudi Arabia[73] No Yes No Yes No
 Seychelles[13][74] No No No Yes Yes
 Slovakia[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Slovenia[19][20] Yes Yes Unknown Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 South Africa[75] No Yes No Yes No
 South Korea[76] No Yes No Yes No
 Spain[77] Yes Yes No Yes Partial - support from the Minister for Agriculture
 Swaziland[13] No Yes No Yes -unenforced No
 Sweden[78] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Switzerland[79] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 Tanzania[80] Partial - some animals excluded Yes No Yes Yes
 Thailand[81] No Yes No Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 Turkey[82] Partial - mental health recognized Yes No Yes No
 Ukraine[83] No Yes No Yes No
 United Kingdom[84] Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 United States[85] Partial - varies internally Yes Partial - varies internally Yes Partial - support from various internal departments
 Uruguay[86] No Yes No Yes No
 Venezuela[87] No Yes No Yes No
 Vietnam[88] No No No No No
 Zambia[13] No Yes No Yes No
 Zimbabwe[13] No Yes No Yes No

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These countries have pledged to support the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare

References[edit]

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