Animal welfare and rights in Mexico
Most of Mexico's states and the Federal District have prohibitions against animal cruelty. In Michoacan, Quintana Roo, and the Federal District, cruelty by negligence is included. This is not the case in Tlaxcala, and in Baja California applies only to certain kinds of animal. Chiapas and Baja California Sur did not have animal welfare protections as of November 2014.
The Federal Animal Health Act 2007 contains a number of provisions concerning the welfare of farm animals (not including aquatic animals). The main purpose of the Act is to diagnose, prevent, and control diseases in animals, but welfare is also addressed. Owners or keepers of domestic animals must provide adequate food and water, veterinarian supervision and immediate attention in case of injury. The Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food is responsible for protecting the health and welfare of animals in "primary production", determining rules on animal welfare, transport and slaughter. State-level anti-cruelty provisions also apply to farm animals.
In 2014, Mexico received a D out of possible grades A,B,C,D,E,F,G on World Animal Protection's Animal Protection Index. They are working progressively to get a better grade. Now they have a B.[need quotation to verify]
Animals used for food
The majority of Mexican pigs are raised on intensive animal farming operations. Between 1990 and 2005, pig production increased by 50%, and by 2009 over 15 million pigs were slaughtered for food each year.
According to a 2016 world cattle inventory, Mexico has the ninth-largest cattle herd in the world at 16,450,000 cows.
In 2009, Mexico had the seventh-largest number of chickens at approximately 500 million.
Animals used in research
- World Animal Protection (November 2, 2014). "Mexico". Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- Humane Society International. "An HSI Fact Sheet: Pig Factory Farming in Mexico" (PDF). Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- Rob Cook (July 4, 2016). "World Cattle Inventory: Ranking of Countries". Retrieved July 11, 2016.
- The Economist Online (July 27, 2011). "Counting chickens". Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- Latin American Herald Tribune. "Animal Rights Activists Protest Bullfighting in Mexico". Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- Humane Society International. "HSI in Mexico". Retrieved July 22, 2016.