This article is missing information about the philosophical theory of animalism.(July 2018)
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In the philosophical subdiscipline of ontology, animalism is a theory of personal identity that asserts that human persons are animals. The concept of animalism is advocated by philosophers Eric T. Olson, Peter Van Inwagen, Paul Snowdon, Stephan Blatti, David Hershenov and David Wiggins.[page needed] The view stands in contrast to positions such as John Locke's psychological criterion for personal identity or various forms of mind–body dualism, such as Richard Swinburne's account. Whilst the animalist is committed to something like the claim that human persons are essentially animals, the animalist is quite content to allow non-human persons, e.g., sufficiently advanced robots, aliens, or other animals.
A common argument for animalism is known as the thinking-animal argument. It asserts the following:
- A person that occupies a given space also has a Homo Sapiens animal occupying the same space.
- The Homo Sapiens animal is thinking.
- The person occupying the space is thinking.
- Therefore, a human person is also a human animal.
Use of term in ethics
A less common, but perhaps increasing, use of the term animalism is to refer to the ethical view that all or most animals are worthy of moral consideration. It may be similar, though not necessarily, to sentientism.
- Blatti, Stephan; Snowdon, Paul, eds. (2016). Animalism: New Essays on Persons, Animals, & Identity. Oxford University Press.
- Garrett, Brian (1998). Personal Identity and Self-Consciousness. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-16573-0.
- Olson, Eric T. (2007). What Are We? A Study in Personal Ontology. Oxford University Press.
- Snowdon, Paul (2017). Persons, Animals, Ourselves. Oxford University Press.
- Baker, Lynne Rudder (2005). "When Does a Person Begin?". In Paul, Ellen Frankel; Miller, Fred D., Jr.; Paul, Jeffrey (eds.). Personal Identity. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. pp. 25–48. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511759345.003. ISBN 978-0-511-75934-5.
- Blatti, Stephan (2020). "Animalism". In Zalta, Edward N. (ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2020 ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University. ISSN 1095-5054. Retrieved 30 November 2020.