Animals in professional wrestling
Species used as wrestlers
Bears have long been a part of professional wrestling. Usually declawed and muzzled, they often wrestled shoot matches against audience members, offered a cash reward if they could pin the bear. They also wrestled professionals in worked, often battle royal or handicap, matches (usually booked so the bear won). Wrestling bears enjoyed their greatest popularity in the Southern United States, during the 1960s and 1970s. The wrestling bear Terrible Ted was used many times for Stampede Wrestling and briefly lived at Stu Hart's home in Calgary while working for Stampede, where Stu's son Bret Hart and his other children would sometimes play with him.
Wrestling promoter and wrestler Stu Hart would wrestle tigers in his Stampede Wrestling territory. His match with the tiger Sasha "Chi-Chi" was performed partly as a publicity stunt for the Calgary Stampede and was on the behalf of the Calgary Fish and Wildlife Association. Hart's daughter Diana also stated that he had a cheetah who he had borrowed[a] over to their home, the Hart mansion which he may have planned to wrestle. WWF champion Bruno Sammartino wrestled an orangutan in a match. The match lasted for fifteen minutes with Sammartino earning 25 dollars for each five minute. Sammartino has expressed that he was under the impression that the ape would be a monkey and that he only took the match because he was relatively desperate for money at the time as a young newly debuted wrestler. He also stated that the match was very painful and unsafe as the animal was not trained to perform.
Teddy Hart, grandson of Stu Hart has expressed interest in using animals such as cats and dogs in his matches. He has on many occasions brought his cats with him to the ring. On the matter Hart stated:
I'm training cats to come out to the ring with me, and I'm also trying to train animals to get involved in matches. I'm trying to get safety animals, like a dog, to basically pull the referee's leg before the count of three, little things like that. Or my dog will be carrying a weapon for me, and I would get it off his neck. Potentially if I had a female manager, and she has a cat, and the cat is maybe a good way of getting couple kids out of the audience, and I lure the kids out of the audience and the kids cause a disqualification to happen so I don't have to lose the belt, or something like that.
In gimmick matches
In 1999 the Big Boss Man wrestled Al Snow for the WWF Hardcore Championship in a Kennel from Hell match at Unforgiven '99. The match consisted of a standard steel cage with the cell placed atop it, with the object being that the wrestler would escape from both the cage and cell while trying to avoid guard dogs that were placed between the ring and cell door. This specific match has been called one of the worst gimmick matches in history, as the dogs showed no hostility toward the competitors and proceeded to urinate, defecate and even mate outside the ring.
Animals as mascots
- The tag-team The British Bulldogs consisting of Davey Boy Smith and the Dynamite Kid had a bulldog named Matilda as their mascot, she was later replaced with another bulldog named Winston.
- Jake "The Snake" Roberts had a pet python named Damien who was often involved in feuds and sometimes matches.
- "Birdman" Koko B. Ware came to the ring with a macaw named Frankie.
As of 2006 bear wrestling is banned in 20 U.S. states.
- Mihaly, John (October 2009). "Hart Exhibition, on page 3". via InfiniteCore.ca. WWE Magazine. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- Eveleth, Rose (November 18, 2013). "There Are People Who Wrestle Bears, And They Say the Bears Could Win If They Wanted To". smithsonianmag.com.
- Cyriaque Lamar. "This is history's greatest photo of a bear beating up a man". Io9.gizmodo.com. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- Kurchak, Sarah (June 29, 2015). "The Twisted and Terrible History of Men Fighting Bears | FIGHTLAND". Fightland.vice.com. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- Ryan Dilbert (August 13, 2015). "Exploring the Strange History of Pro Wrestlers Battling Bears". Bleacher Report. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- Gipe, George (October 25, 1976). "Bear Wrestling Took Hold 100 Years Ago, But Lost With Lena's Revenge". Sports Illustrated. CNN. Archived from the original on June 16, 2010. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- "CANOE – SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Bret Hart : Positive heroes key for kids". SLAM! WRESTLING. canoe.ca. April 17, 2004.
- "CBC Archives". CBC.
- "HART OF A TIGER". Slam! Wrestling. Calgary Sun, via Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- Martha Hart; Eric Francis (2004). Broken Harts: The Life and Death of Owen Hart. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-59077-036-8.
- Andy Marshall (2016). Thin Power: How former Calgary Mayor Rod Sykes stamped his brand on the city ... And scorched some sacred cows. FriesenPress. ASIN B01IQ54CUE.
- Marsha Erb (2002). Stu Hart: Lord of the ring. ECW Press. p. 165. ISBN 1-55022-508-1.
- Hart, Diana; McLellan, Kirstie (2001). Under the Mat: Inside Wrestling's Greatest Family. Fenn. ISBN 1-55168-256-7.
- Keith Elliot Greenberg; Classy Freddie Blassie (June 15, 2010). The Legends of Wrestling: "Classy" Freddie Blassie: Listen, You Pencil Neck Geeks. Simon and Schuster. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-4516-0426-9.
- G, Eric (October 11, 2010). "Bruno Sammartino speaks on Chris Benoit, the Iron Sheik, and more". The Camel Clutch.
- "Ted Hart's cat relaxes on the turnbuckle at the Hart Legacy Wrestling debut show". Canoa.ca. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- Moaullen, Omar (March 23, 2016). "The Rise and Fall of Wrestling's Weed-Dealing, Cat-Breeding Phenom". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
- Csonka, Larry (September 12, 2011). "Teddy Hart Discusses His New Vision of Wrestling, Which Includes Trained Cats". WRESTLING / NEWS. 411mania.com. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- ProWrestlingHistory.com. "WWF In Your House Results (5)". Retrieved April 16, 2007.
- Bazar, Nick. Top 10 Worst Gimmick Matches. 411mania. March 12, 2012. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- Oz, Drake. WWE's 15 Absolute Worst Matches in Company History. Bleacher Report. November 23, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
- Shoemaker, David (2013). The Squared Circle: Life, Death, and Professional Wrestling. Penguin. p. 231. ISBN 1592407676.
- Shields, Brian (2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s (4th ed.). Pocket Books. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-4165-3257-6.
- Shields, Brian (2006). Main Event: WWE in the Raging 80s (4th ed.). Pocket Books. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-4165-3257-6.
- "Bear wrestler insists critics are off-base". USA Today. March 26, 2006. Retrieved August 28, 2015.