Some or all of this article's listed sourcesmay not be reliable. Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources, or by checking whether the references meet the criteria for reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted.(June 2015)
Anime and mangafans outside of Japan have adopted many Japanese words and phrases. Some of these words have been misinterpreted, reinterpreted, or undergone significant change in meaning. In addition, a variety of terms relating to anime and manga and the associated fandom have arisen, either by translation/transliteration from Japanese or as part of the shared slang or jargon of the subculture.
In some cases English and Japanese have contributed in complex ways to the formation of new words in either or both languages (e.g. Hentai—"H"—Ecchi).[original research?]
Other subcultures have also adopted Japanese loan-words through contact with fans of such media as anime and manga.
A single strand of hair that sticks out of a character's head. It literally translates to "stupid hair" and usually indicates that a character is stupid. However, this is not an absolute rule. It differs from antenna hair, in which there are two or more locks of hair sticking up as opposed to one.
A Japanese style of motion picture animation, yet is more commonly used by Westerners to refer to animation produced exclusively in Japan. Otherwise, the term refers to all animation according to the Japanese language.
"Beautiful boy" — Japanese aesthetic concept of the ideally beautiful young man. Androgynous, effeminate or gender ambiguous. In Japan it refers to youth with such characteristics, but in the west has become a generic term for attractively androgynous males of all ages.
1) Bishōnen. 2) slang for an incredibly cute/beautiful guy that mobs of girls like to chase after. For example, the main character in the Taiwanese manhua 1/2 Prince is called a bishie.
A female character with cat ears and a cat tail, but an otherwise human body. These characters often have feline habits, claw-like nails, and occasionally show fangs. Emotional expressions are also feline in nature, such as an exaggerated fur-standing-on-end when startled. These characteristics are also sometimes used on guys as well as in the case of the characters of Loveless, Kyo Sohma of Fruits Basket, and Ikuto Tsukiyomi of Shugo Chara!.
Japanese word meaning "shorty" or "little one". Chibi characters are generally drawn in such a way that they look cute. Due to Sailor Moon and mistranslation,[original research?] in the U.S. it is sometimes used to mean super deformed.
The Japanese pronunciation of the letter "H". It represents the first letter in the word "Hentai" and can refer to anything ranging between mildly erotic manga and anime to unwarranted sexual behavior. In Europe and North America, it is mostly used for soft erotic productions while "hentai" is used for pornographic productions.
An eroge (エロゲー,erogē?), a portmanteau of erotic game (エロチックゲーム,erochikku gēmu?), is a Japanese video or computer game that features erotic content, usually in the form of anime-style artwork. Not to be confused with Galge. Eroge originated from Galge that added Adult content rated 18+.
Elements specifically included to sexually amuse (such as scantily-clad and/or naked males or females, or ecchi content) or titillate the audience that are either necessary or unnecessary to plot development.
A type of anime, manga, or game which includes violence, torture, and sometimes death of the character. The purpose of the violence is to increase pleasure of the audience, reader, or player who like that kind of genre. Sometimes, it's also synonymous with the hentai phrase, Ero guro.
Gothic Lolita — a fashion trend where girls and young women dress in the style of elaborate porcelain dolls. Usually is a mix of gothic and 19th century dress, but some of them are very colorful, and other do not use 19th century European clothing. For example Kurumi Tokisaki who wears a dress with crimson and black frills, giving her the appearance of an Gothic Lolita. Or like Kuroneko of Oreimo.
A character who has an outward appearance of being amicable, friendly, innocent, kind and/or refreshing, but that facade is to hide the cruel, cunning, evil, manipulative, mean and/or sadistic side. Despite the negative connotation, not all haraguro are villainous or are sociopaths. Their motives vary very widely depending upon the character her/himself and the "seriousness" of the story. The term comes from the Japanese word, "Haraguroi (腹黒い)", which means "black-hearted; mean; scheming".
An ambiguously-defined subgenre of anime and manga characterized by a protagonist surrounded, usually amorously, by three or more members of the opposing sex and/or love interests. Male-oriented harems are the most common.
"transformation". The phrase is used in anime, manga, and tokusatsudramas for when a character transforms into a superhero. Henshin heroes (変身ヒーロー,Henshin Hīrō?) use a "henshin call", a catchphrase which they recite, and a transformation device in order to transform.
"Abnormal" or "perverted". Used by Western audiences to refer to sexually explicit or pornographic anime and manga. However, in Japan the term used to refer to the same material is typically Poruno or Ero. Hentai is a popular subject in fan fictions and fan art.
A hikikomori is someone who secludes themselves within their home, sometimes refusing to leave their home at all in an effort to isolate themselves from society. It can be viewed as a social phobia similar to agoraphobia. Hikikomori are often associated with otaku but the terms are distinct.
In Japanese, "kabe" is wall, and "don" is the sound of slapping against a wall. Literally, Kabe-Don describes the act of fiercely slapping a wall. One meaning is slapping a wall as a protest which occurs in collective housing like a condominium when the next room makes noise. Another meaning often appears in shōjo manga or anime when a man forces a woman against a wall with one hand or a man leans against a wall and makes a slapping sound, leaving the woman nowhere to go. This has become popular nowadays as a "clever move of confession".
Literally, "Giant Breasts". A classification of breast size in casual Japanese. Breasts above an E70 bra size but below a G75 are considered to be "kyonyū", after which point they are called "bakunyū" (縛乳).
derived from the hentai anthology series Cream Lemon(くりいむレモン,Kurīmu Remon?). Material with explicit sexual content (not to be confused with the slang term for Lesbian in some English speaking cultures).
A Japanese fan-made video, much like an anime music video (AMV), that generally originates from the Japanese website Nico Nico Douga. MAD can also refer to the Japanese AMV community, although they can be anything from audio clips, edited pictures, to wholly original creations. MADs do not necessarily even need to be related to anime, though the more popular ones typically are.
Creator of the manga. Mangakas are often the writers and illustrators of the work.
Manga music video
Often abbreviated as MMV, similar to an anime music video (AMV), although instead of clips from anime, panels or pages from at least one manga series are arranged to fit a musical piece playing in the background.
Abbreviation for "mechanical". In Japan, that word is used for all kinds of machines. In Western countries, it applies mainly to anime and manga focusing on piloted combat robots. Divided into two subgenres: super robots (the mecha have unrealistic powers, and the focus is more on the fighting and robots themselves) and real robots (more realistic, with more drama and focus on the humans). The word "mecha" can also be used to refer to the robots themselves.
Generally used for female characters, though it can refer to effeminate males in some instances. Something or someone that is considered moe is generally considered to be endearing, innocent, and naive, while taking on some of the emotional qualities of adolescence generally meant to invoke a paternal feeling of protectiveness and sympathy within the viewer. The most literal translation of the word into languages other than Japanese is "fetish", though the concept of moe does not necessarily have a direct correlation to sexual preferences, and often refers to works of a non-sexual nature. It can also be used to modify other words or concepts, such as meganekko-moe ( "glasses-girl" moe), referring to a character who both wears glasses and has the qualities of moe.
The literal translation of the word is your house, but in Japanese slang, this refers to somebody who has an obsession with anime. The person in question is usually assumed to be a neet, or shut-in, and are often characterized by antisocial tendencies, and intense attraction to anime characters, or "2D girls".
Lit. "maiden games". This is a video game that is targeted towards a female market, where one of the main goals, besides the plot goal, is to develop a romantic relationship between the player character (a female) and one of several male characters.
Original Video Animation, or OVA is a type of anime, which is intended to be distributed on VHS tapes or DVDs, and not to show in movies, or television. It can also less frequently be referred to as OAV, or Original Animated Video.
Named after the popular Japanese chocolate covered stick candy. When a person using a Japanese “Washlet” toilet initiates the cleaning spout while defecating in order to cover it in feces so that the next user has the previous user’s feces sprayed into their anal cavity. Also referred to as a “Choco-Pokky” or a “Ichigo-Pokky” when girls menstruate in the same manner.
The English translation for the Chinese term Q版 (pinyin: Kiū bǎn), referring to the cartoonification or infantilization in the artistic renderings of real life or serious human, animal figures or other characters or objects, especially in the styles of Anime. "Q" is a Chinese approximation of the English word "cute".
coined following the form of shōnen-ai, denoting lesbian content, typically for material without explicit sex. In Japan, the term shōjo-ai is not used with this meaning, and instead tends to denote ephebophilia.
A term denoting male homosexual content in women's media, although this usage is obsolete in Japan. English-speakers frequently use it for material without explicit sex, in anime, manga, and related fan fiction. In Japan, it denotes ephebophilia.
A term denoting bisexual content, typically for material without explicit sexual content in anime, manga, and related fan fiction. In Japan, the term is not used with this meaning, it denotes ephebophilia.
A character personality who's usually stern, cold and/or hostile to the person they like, while occasionally letting slip their warm and loving feelings they're hiding inside due to being shy, nervous, insecure or just can't help acting badly in front of the person they like. Such as spending a lot of time and effort to make their crush's favorite lunch, but when giving it to them saying something like "I made too much and it'd be a waste to throw it away so here! And it's not because I really like you or wanted to make your favorite meal just to see you smile." For example, Liliana Kranjcar from the manga Campione! tells Godou repeatedly that she's only serving him as his knight yet does or suggest things only a girlfriend would do. Such as making lunches for him, resolving an argument on whether Erica or Yuri should heal him or provide information on a god (through kissing) by saying she'll be the one to do it, and using figurative terms usually used to denote marriage to describe their relationship to others.
A Japanese term for a person who is initially very cheerful, kind, loving, caring, and gentle to someone (or at least innocent) they really, truly like and care about a lot until their purely intense romantic love, admiration, and devotion becomes feisty, stubborn, bossy and mentally destructive in nature, usually, but not always through either overprotectiveness, violence, brutality or all three. The term is a portmanteau from the words yanderu(病んでる?) meaning a mental or emotional illness, and deredere(でれでれ?) meaning to show genuinely strong romantic affection. Yandere characters are mentally unstable, sometimes are incredibly deranged, are not mentally sane, often using extreme violence and/or brutality as an outlet for their emotions. Yandere are usually, but not always, female characters.
Since the late 1970s, the term Yankī has been used to refer to a type of delinquent youth. Yankī subculture popularized in Japan consists of secondary school delinquents who attained notoriety due to violent and reckless behavior. They are characterized by punch perms or pompadours, shaved eyebrows, bleach blonde hair and altered school uniforms. Although a unisex term that can apply to both men and women, it is more commonly applied to men.
Originated in Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Strikers and refers to a character who is mentally ill and snaps instantly without showing affection for the victim of their outbursts. It is a portmanteau of yandere (see above) and kireru(切れる?) meaning to snap or lose one's temper. A classic (and rather extreme) example of yangire is Kurumi Tokisaki from the light novel/anime Date A Live, a girl who snaps suddenly out of jealousy, irritation, or a similar emotion. Unlike yandere characters, she is not motivated by love. Another example of a Yangire is Rena Ryugu from the SN/game/manga/anime series Higurashi no Naku Koro ni. Shion Sonozaki, a very well-known Yandere, also comes from this series.
Also known as two-way love; When a male or female character is sexually active with BOTH the opposite sex and the same sex. Indicating bisexual content, either at the same time or at separate times. Applied when it's not just Yaoi/Yuri only.
Lit. "Lily". Jargon term for lesbian content or girl love. In Japan, the term denotes a broad spectrum of attraction between women. It is also used for sexually explicit content outside of Japan. It is used like the term "yaoi" for men.
Meaning "Absolute Territory" (a term from the anime Neon Genesis Evangelion), this phrase refers to the area of exposed thigh when a girl is wearing a short skirt and thigh high socks. The 'ideal' skirt:thigh:sock above knee ratio is often reported to be 4:1:2.5. Zettai Ryōiki are often referred to by letter grades, where Grade A is the ideal and grade F is ankle socks, another grade, grade S, also exists consisting of Grade A in combination with ponytails and Tsundere personality.
^Levi, Antonia; McHarry, Mark; Pagliassotti, Dru (2008). Boys' Love Manga: Essays on the Sexual Ambiguity and Cross-Cultural Fandom of the Genre. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co. p. 257. ISBN978-0-7864-4195-2.