Anisocentropus krampus

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Anisocentropus krampus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Trichoptera
Family: Calamoceratidae
Genus: Anisocentropus
Subgenus: Anisocentropus
Species:
A. krampus
Binomial name
Anisocentropus krampus

Anisocentropus krampus is a species of caddisfly in the family Calamoceratidae.[2] It was described in 1994 by Austrian entomologist Hans Malicky [de; species] and found in New Britain.[1]

Name[edit]

Malicky did not specify an etymology. However as other new species described in the same paper, such as Ganonema dracula and Anisocentropus golem, seem to reference monsters from central Europe such as Count Dracula and the golem, the specific epithet likely refers to Krampus.[1]

Description[edit]

The distinguishing features of this species are the colorful wings and the male external copulatory organs, especially the laterally protruding lobes of the 10th segment.[1] The designs on the forewing in particular is one of the distinguishing characteristics for this and other related species.[3]

The thorax, head, and appendages are light brown with golden yellow hairs. The antennae also are covered in the same gold hairs. The abdomen is dark brown.[1]

The forewings are also golden yellow with a wide dark brown transverse band in the lower third and irregularly rounded dark brown spot in the distal third. The forewings are broad in shape with a rounded outer margin, 10 mm long in males and 10–11 mm in females.[1]

The hindwings are dark brown and pearlescent.[1]

The ninth segment of the external copulation organs of males are wide with the anterior edge projecting out in the lower third area.[1] On the dorsal side are a pair of long, pointed lobes. The tenth segment bends downwards laterally with two pairs of sharp points.[1] In the dorsoventral view, a pair of lobes extend far outward and only then bent down into points.[1] Yet the caudal pair of spikes is shorter.[1] The pre-anal appendages are long, oval, and erect, and in the cavity of a projecting side lobe of the 9th segment.[1] Laterally the lower appendages are short and triangular, but ventrally they appear long, slender, and directed outwards.[1]

Anisocentropus krampus closely resembles Anisocentropus maclachlani, which differs by having brown-black forewings with a yellow Y-shape.[1] It also resembles Anisocentropus tosavos, but the pattern on the forewings also differs.[4]

Distribution[edit]

Anisocentropus krampus is in the Anisocentropus latifasciata diagnostic species group, which has a Gondwanan distribution.[3] The type locality for A. krampus is Kongi (alternatively spelled Komgi[2]) on the Gazelle Peninsula on the island of New Britain in Papua New Guinea[5] at about 1000 m elevation. Four specimens were collected as part of the 1961–1962 Noona Dan Expedition [da].[1][5] The holotype and paratypes are kept at the University of Copenhagen Zoological Museum.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Malicky, Hans (1994). "Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis asiatischer Calamoceratidae (Trichoptera). (Artikel über thailändische Köcherfliegen Nr. 13)" [A contribution to the knowledge of Asian Calamoceratidae (Trichoptera). (Article about Thai caddis fly No. 13)] (PDF). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischer Entomologen (in German). 46 (69): 62–79. ISSN 0375-5223. OCLC 635723128. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-11-21. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
  2. ^ a b Oláh, János (2012). "Taxonomic list of Trichoptera described and recorded from New Guinea region" (PDF). Folia Historico-naturalia Musei Matraensis : A Mátra Múzeum Természetrajzi Közleményei. Mátra Múzeum. 36: 105–122. ISSN 0134-1243. OCLC 183434087. Anisocentropus krampus Malicky, 1994 – MALICKY (1994b): 69. Locus typicus: New Britain, Komgi, 1000 m, Noona Dan Expedition, V.
  3. ^ a b Johanson, Kjell Arne; Oláh, János (14 May 2010). "Description of 33 new species of Calamoceratidae, Molannidae, Odontoceridae and Philorheithridae (Trichoptera), with detailed presentation of their cephalic setal warts and grooves" (pdf). Zootaxa. Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 2457 (66): f 148. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.2457.1.1. ISBN 978-1-86977-517-9. ISSN 1175-5334. OCLC 646064824. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  4. ^ Oláh, János; Mey, Wolfram (2 January 2013). "New species of caddisflies from New Guinea (Insecta, Trichoptera)" (PDF). 409 Entomofauna ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR ENTOMOLOGIE. 34 (31): 420. ISSN 0250-4413. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 November 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  5. ^ a b Malicky, Hans (19 November 2010). "Köcherfliegen (Trichoptera) von der Noona Dan Expedition 1961–1962 zu den Philippinen, dem Bismark-Archipel und den Salomon-Inseln" (PDF). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischer Entomologen (in German). Vienna. 62: 87–95. ISSN 0375-5223. Retrieved 21 November 2019.