Anita Anand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Anita Anand
Close-up photograph of a woman speaking into a microphone
Anand at The Pentagon in 2022
Minister of National Defence
Assumed office
October 26, 2021
Prime MinisterJustin Trudeau
Preceded byHarjit Sajjan
Receiver General for Canada
Minister of Public Services and Procurement
In office
November 20, 2019 – October 26, 2021
Prime MinisterJustin Trudeau
Preceded byCarla Qualtrough
Succeeded byFilomena Tassi
Member of Parliament
for Oakville
Assumed office
October 21, 2019
Preceded byJohn Oliver
Personal details
Born
Indira Anita Anand[1]

(1967-05-20) May 20, 1967 (age 55)[2]
Kentville, Nova Scotia, Canada
Political partyLiberal
Residence(s)Oakville, Ontario
Alma materQueen's University (BA)
Wadham College, Oxford (BA)
Dalhousie University (LLB)
University of Toronto (LLM)
Profession
  • Lawyer
  • politician

Anita Anand PC MP (born 1967) is a Canadian lawyer and politician who has served as the minister of national defence since 2021. She has represented the riding of Oakville in the House of Commons since the 2019 federal election, sitting as a member of the Liberal Party. Anand now holds the portfolio of Minister of National Defence, while she served in the 43rd Parliament of Canada as Minister of Public Services and Procurement. She is the first Hindu to become a federal minister in Canada.[3][4]

Early life and education[edit]

Indira Anita Anand was born in Kentville, Nova Scotia. Her parents were both Indian physicians; her mother Saroj D. Ram (now deceased) was an anesthesiologist, and her father S.V. (Andy) Anand was a general surgeon. Her father was from Tamil Nadu and her mother was from Punjab.[3] Anand has two sisters: Gita Anand, who is an employment lawyer in Toronto, and Sonia Anand, who is a medical doctor and researcher at McMaster University.

The family relocated to Ontario in 1985 and Anand and her husband John[5] raised their family in Oakville. The couple has four children.[6]

Anand holds four degrees: a Bachelor of Arts (honours) in political studies from Queen's University; a Bachelor of Arts (honours) in jurisprudence from Wadham College, Oxford University; a bachelor of laws from Dalhousie University; and a master of laws from the University of Toronto. She was called to the Ontario Bar in 1994.[5]

Anand has held academic positions at Yale, Queen's University and Western University. Before her election, Anand was a law professor at the University of Toronto.[7]

Academic career[edit]

Before her political career, Anand was a professor at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law specializing in corporate governance and the regulation of capital markets.[8] She was previously the J.R. Kimber Chair in Investor Protection and Corporate Governance at the Faculty.[8] As of October 2019, Anand is on leave from the University of Toronto Faculty of Law [8] for the duration of her time as an elected official.

Anand began her legal career as an associate at Torys from 1994 to 1997 (with leave to pursue her master's degree), after articling at Torys from 1992 to 1993. She then pursued her teaching career by serving as assistant professor (adjunct) from 1997 to 1999 at the Faculty of Law of Western University.[8] In 1999, she became assistant professor in the Faculty of Law at Queen's University, obtaining tenure and advancing to the rank of associate professor in 2003.[8] She received a U.S.-Canada Fulbright award in 2005[9] and attended Yale Law School as a visiting lecturer in law (fall 2005) teaching comparative corporate governance. She was also visiting Olin scholar in law and economics at Yale Law School (2005-2006).

Anand left Queen's University for the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto in 2006 where she was a full professor. She served as associate dean from 2007 to 2009. From 2010 to 2019, Anand also served as the academic director of the Centre for the Legal Profession, as well as for its Program on Ethics in Law and Business. At the time of her election, she was a senior fellow of Massey College, as well as being cross-appointed to the Rotman School of Management as the director of policy and research at the Capital Markets Research Institute, and to the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at the University of Toronto.[8]

The Government of Canada web site provides the following additional background information:[5]

Minister Anand has completed extensive research on the regulation of financial markets, corporate governance, and shareholder rights, and has appeared regularly in the media to discuss these topics. In 2015, she was appointed to the Government of Ontario's Expert Committee to Consider Financial Advisory and Financial Planning Policy Alternatives. She has conducted research for Ontario's Five-Year Review Committee, the federal Wise Person's Committee, and the Task Force to Modernize Securities Legislation in Canada.

On September 17, 2019, it was announced that Anand would receive the Yvan Allaire Medal from the Royal Society of Canada. The medal is bestowed annually for an outstanding contribution in governance of private and public organizations.[10][11] The Society stated that Anand's research "significantly altered global thinking about best practices for boards of directors, including the importance of diversity on boards".[12]

Political career[edit]

2019 federal election[edit]

On June 12, 2019, Anita Anand won the Liberal nomination for the riding of Oakville, Ontario, after the incumbent John Oliver announced that he would not run in the 2019 election.[13] She defeated former member of Provincial Parliament Kevin Flynn[14] and lawyer Tamur Shah for the nomination.[15] On October 21, 2019, Anand won the riding of Oakville with 30,265 votes.[16]

Anand was sworn in as the member of Parliament for Oakville on November 22, 2019, to represent Oakville in the House of Commons in the 43rd Canadian Parliament.

Minister of Public Services and Procurement[edit]

On November 20, 2019, Anand was sworn in as a member of the Privy Council and as procurement minister at Rideau Hall.[17]

Procurement of personal protective equipment during the COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada, Anand and her department acted quickly to bulk buy personal protective equipment (PPE) and medical supplies for Canada's health care system. In order to ensure reliable access to PPE in a hyper-competitive market, Anand and her department adopted an aggressive procurement strategy and engaged a large number of suppliers to diversify Canada's supply chains.[18] Through this strategy, the federal government also funded large-scale domestic production of medical supplies.[19]

The pandemic caused the federal government to rapidly increase its usual procurement tempo in order to purchase rapid tests, reagents, and swabs used for laboratory-based testing.[20] In April 2021, Anand told the House of Commons Health Committee that Public Services and Procurement Canada had procured over 2.5 billion articles of personal protective equipment, "with a substantial amount of that equipment being made right here, at home."[21]

Procurement of COVID-19 vaccines[edit]

Beginning in the summer of 2020, the Canadian government signed contracts with the producers of seven leading COVID-19 vaccine candidates,[22][23] and the producers of supplies needed to package and administer those vaccines.[24] Anand told The New York Times that "because we do not know which vaccine [...] is going to be successful, ultimately we must bet on multiple vaccines at the same time." Summing up her approach, she stated, "We are not putting all our eggs in one basket."[25]

Initially, Canada's target was to receive enough vaccines to fully immunize all eligible Canadians by September 30, 2021.[26] Anand told The Guardian that she pressed "very, very aggressively for early deliveries from the suppliers."[27] Negotiations for early delivery were successful, allowing Canada to meet and then surpass its immunization target two months ahead of schedule. By the end of July 2021, Canada had received a cumulative total of more than 66.4 million vaccines.[28][29]

By August 2021, Canada had attained the highest vaccination rate in the world.[27]

Anand also worked to finalize Canada's agreements with vaccine producers regarding the procurement and delivery of COVID-19 vaccine doses for children. After Health Canada approved the Pfizer–BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for use in paediatric populations under the age of 12 years on November 19, 2021, the first paediatric doses of the vaccine arrived in Canada two days later, on November 21, 2021.[30]

2021 federal election[edit]

Anand was re-elected to Parliament following the 2021 Canadian federal election. She defeated Conservative Kerry Colborne with 46% of the vote.[31]

Minister of National Defence[edit]

Culture change and inclusion in the Canadian Armed Forces[edit]

On October 26, 2021, Anand was sworn in as Minister of National Defence at Rideau Hall. She is only the second woman in Canadian history to take on the role of national defence minister, after former prime minister Kim Campbell in the 1990s.[32] Anand stated that her top priority is tackling sexual misconduct and building a durable culture change in the Canadian Armed Forces.[33]

On November 4, 2021, Anand announced that she accepted in full an interim recommendation from former Supreme Court of Canada Justice Louise Arbour that the investigation and prosecution of military sexual misconduct cases be referred to Canada's civilian justice system. In a statement to the Globe and Mail, retired Colonel and military lawyer Michel Drapeau called the decision a "welcomed sign of leadership" and "a timely and powerful signal to the military justice system and victims that changes are coming."[34]

On November 19, 2021, Anand gave her first major speech as Minister of National Defence as the keynote speaker at the Halifax International Security Forum. Anand laid out her three main priorities: building a durable culture change in the Canadian Forces, better equipping Canada's military by raising military spending, and ensuring that Canada continues to support peace and stability around the world through its military deployments.[35]

On November 25, 2021, General Wayne Eyre was appointed as Canada's Chief of the Defence Staff on Anand's recommendation.[36]

Anand and General Wayne Eyre in 2022

On December 13, 2021, Anand offered an official apology on behalf of the Government of Canada to all those affected by sexual misconduct in the Canadian Armed Forces and Department of National Defence. She was joined by General Wayne Eyre, Chief of the Defence Staff, who apologized on behalf of the military, and Deputy Minister Jody Thomas, who apologized on behalf of the department.[37]

On May 30, 2022, Anand was joined by Louise Arbour, General Wayne Eyre, and Deputy Minister Bill Matthews to release the final report of the Independent External Comprehensive Review into Sexual Misconduct and Sexual Harassment in the Canadian Armed Forces and Department of National Defence. Anand accepted the report in its entirety and "welcomed" all 48 recommendations. She announced that work to implement 17 of them would begin immediately, and DND and the CAF will work to quickly analyze and provide the path forward for the remaining recommendations.[38] In an interview, Anand later said, "“The efficacy of our armed forces, the ability for us to grow and continue to defend our country and engage in operations nationally and internationally, depends on us getting this right. And that is why it is so important to me personally as well as to our government.”[39]

On July 9, 2022, in Truro, Anand and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau offered the Government of Canada's official apology to the members and descendants of No. 2 Construction Battalion, an all-Black battalion that faced anti-Black racism and discrimination during its service to Canada in World War I. “I am committed to eliminating systemic racism so that the discrimination faced by the No. 2 Construction Battalion, and those who followed, never happens again,” Anand said.[40]

War in Ukraine[edit]

Anand with U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin in April 2022

In late January 2022, Anand and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that Canada would extend its training mission in Ukraine, Operation Unifier, by three years, and raise the ceiling of deployed personnel from 200 to 400.[41] In announcing the extension, Anand stated, "The biggest contribution that Canada can make to Ukraine right now is people. We have trained, our soldiers have trained over 30,000 Ukrainian soldiers. We should not underestimate the importance of this training mission."[41]

A few days later, Anand visited Kyiv as a sign of Canadian solidarity, all while Russia significantly increased its military buildup around Ukraine. Anand stated that "Russia has a choice, and that choice is to negotiate with a view to de-escalation" or it will "face severe sanctions and consequences."[42] While in Ukraine, Anand met with Ukraine's Defence Minister Oleksii Reznikov to discuss military aid to Ukraine, including in the area of cybersecurity.[43] Shortly after Anand's visit, in late February the Canadian government did authorize and deliver a $7.8 million package of lethal weapons to Ukraine.[44]

Just days before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Anand announced a significant expansion of Canada's contribution to NATO operations in Europe. Under the umbrella of Operation Reassurance she announced the deployment of approximately 120 members of an artillery battery to join the Canadian-led NATO Enhanced Forward Presence battle group in Latvia, and the deployment of an additional Halifax-class frigate to NATO maritime forces.[45]

On 19 March HMCS Halifax (FFH 330) left port and joined NATO maritime forces in the Baltic region.[46] At the departure ceremony, Anand stated, "At this time it is so important for us all to be united, to stand together, to stand against unwarranted and illegal Russian aggression, and to stand up for peace, deterrence and the defensive posture on which NATO is built."[46]

Following Russia's invasion, Anand announced several packages of additional military aid to Ukraine throughout February and March 2022, including Carl Gustaf anti-armour weapons, rockets, helmets, gas masks, and night-vision goggles.[47] Further types of military aid announced by Anand included fragmentation vests and meal packs,[48] 4,500 M72 rocket launchers and up to 7,500 hand grenades, and funding to enable Ukraine to purchase modern satellite imagery.[49] Anand also announced the procurement and donation to Ukraine of Canadian-made, specialized cameras for Bayraktar TB-2 drones.[50]

On March 8, during a trip to Latvia, Anand and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced the multi-year renewal of Operation Reassurance.[51]

On April 14, at CFB Trenton, Anand announced that the Canadian Armed Forces would deploy between 100 and 150 troops to Poland, to assist with Polish efforts to manage the flow of, and care for, Ukrainians fleeing the Russian invasion.[52]

In late April 2022, Anand announced further military aid for Ukraine. On April 22, 2022, Anand confirmed that Canada had delivered M777 howitzers to Ukrainian Forces.[53] At a conference of the Ukraine Defense Consultative Group at Ramstein Air Base, Canada announced that it had signed a contract for eight armoured vehicles for Ukraine.[54] Just days later, Anand confirmed that the Canadian Armed Forces had begun to train Ukrainian forces in the use of the howitzers.[55]

On April 28, 2022, Anand met with U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin during her first official visit to the United States. Anand and Austin told reporters that they had discussed further military aid to Ukraine and modernization of the North American Aerospace Defense Command.[56]

On May 8, an additional $50 million in military assistance to Ukraine was announced, including 18 drone cameras, $15 million for high-resolution satellite imagery, additional ammunition and small arms.[57] On May 24, Anand announced at the Ukrainian Cultural Centre in Victoria that Canada had purchased more than 20,000 rounds of artillery ammunition for Ukraine, which are compatible with M777 artillery guns provided by Canada, at a cost of $98 million CAD. Anand stated that “Canadian aid continues to flow into Ukraine, and we are working around the clock to identify and provide even more military aid to Ukraine.”[58] On June 15, at a meeting of the Ukraine Defense Contact Group in Brussels, Anand announced that Canada would donate $9 million worth of M777 howitzer replacement barrels to Ukraine.[59]

At the 2022 NATO Leaders Summit in Madrid, Anand signed an agreement with Latvia's Defence Minister, Artis Pabriks, to upgrade the Canadian-led NATO Enhanced Forward Presence Battle Group in Latvia to a brigade size.[60] At the summit, Canada also committed new military aid for Ukraine, specifically, six drone cameras and up to 39 armoured combat support vehicles.[61] Days later, Anand visited General Dynamics Land Systems' facility in London, Ontario to meet with workers who assemble the armoured combat support vehicles, and said in an interview, “GDLS armoured vehicles are top of the line and we want to provide vehicles that are readily usable, easily accessible and able to be repaired if damaged. Ukraine asked for these.”[62]

In July 2022, at the 15th Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas in Brasília, Anand led an effort to convince other countries present to denounce the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. Anand told Politico that “Canada and I, as the representative here, felt that it's very important to voice this concern in a tangible way here at the conference... There is an impact of the Russian invasion on this region, a negative impact on economies here, on food security in our hemisphere.”[63] Canada's efforts were successful, with the conference's final declaration stating, "The conflicts present around the world, such as the invasion of Ukraine and the violent acts by armed groups that terrorize the population in Haiti are not legitimate means to settle disputes, therefore the Member States of the CDMA, seek peaceful solutions as soon as possible."[64] The Declaration also included a disclaimer by Canada, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Paraguay, the United States of America and Uruguay, reiterating these countries "condemnation in the strongest terms of the Russian Federation’s illegal, invasion of Ukraine."[64]

On August 4, 2022, Anand announced the deployment of up to 225 Canadian Armed Forces personnel to the United Kingdom to train new recruits to the Armed Forces of Ukraine, under Operation Unifier.[65] Anand said, "Training missions like this, assisting our allies and our partners when they are under attack, is what we do... It is a priority for us as a country to stand shoulder to shoulder with Ukraine and with our allies."[65] British defence minister Ben Wallace praised the announcement, stating, "Canada's expertise will provide a further boost to the program and ensure that the Ukrainian men and women coming to the U.K. to train to defend their country will get a wide pool of experience and skills from both U.K. forces and our international partners."[65]

NORAD and continental defence[edit]

Anand at NORAD headquarters with U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin and General Glen D. VanHerck in 2022

Anand's 2021 mandate letter from Prime Minister Justin Trudeau instructed her to "work with the United States to modernize the North American Aerospace Defence Command."[66]

On June 20, 2022, at CFB Trenton, Anand announced a five-point NORAD modernization plan that is estimated to cost approximately $40 billion over twenty years.[67] Anand said that there was “pressing need” to respond to threats like hypersonic and cruise missiles, and declared that the plan would begin "NORAD’s next chapter.”[67] Anand described the plan as “the most significant upgrade to NORAD from a Canadian perspective in almost four decades.”[68]

Anand declared, “In close coordination with the United States, we will establish the backbone of a brand-new northern approaches surveillance system to enhance surveillance and early warning threats to our continent," adding that this new system will “essentially push our line of sight further north, ensuring we will be able to respond to fast moving threats like hypersonics.”[68]

U.S. Ambassador to Canada David Cohen welcomed the funding, stating, “The United States looks forward to continuing to strengthen our collaboration with Canada on continental defence and security, including in the Arctic."[68]

Indo-Pacific[edit]

Days after the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, Anand told the Ottawa Conference on Security and Defence that "Europe is not the only fault line in the global security environment at the current time."[69] She spoke about the need to be "cognizant of China’s range of assertive activities in the Indo-Pacific region and around the world," and stated, "the patterns are there for all to see, frankly.”[69] Anand described Chinese activity in the East and South China Seas as "coercive," also citing theft of intellectual property, “irresponsible and very concerning behaviour in cyberspace," and the Detention of Michael Spavor and Michael Kovrig.[69]

While in Singapore to attend the Shangri-La Dialogue in June 2022, Anand addressed Chinese interceptions of Royal Canadian Air Force aircraft. She told Reuters, “The interceptions by the Chinese of our (aircraft) are very concerning and unprofessional and we need to ensure that the safety and security of our pilots is not at risk, especially when they are simply monitoring as required under UN-sanctioned missions."[70]

Following a visit to Taiwan by Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, Anand told CBC News in August 2022 that "it is routine for legislators from our countries to travel internationally, and China's escalatory response simply risks increasing tensions and destabilizing the region."[71] She called on China "not to unilaterally change the status quo by force in the region and to resolve cross-strait differences by peaceful means."[71]

Personal life[edit]

Anand is the daughter of Saroj Daulat Ram and Sundaram Vivek Anand, an anaesthetist and general surgeon.[72] The couple immigrated to Kentville, Nova Scotia, in the early 1960s.[72] Anand was born in 1967 and attended Queen’s University, the University of Oxford, and Dalhousie University.[72] Anand articled at Toronto law firm Torys, where she met her husband, John Knowlton.[72]

Anand, her husband John, and four children have lived in Oakville, Ontario, for 18 years.[73]

Over her 18 years in Oakville, Anand has served her local community in a number of ways. She has served on the Board of Directors of the Lighthouse for Grieving Children, the Oakville Hospital Foundation and Oakville Hydro Electricity Distribution Inc.[13][74] She was also the inaugural chair of the Ontario Securities Commission Investor Advisory Panel.[7]

Anand was awarded the 2022 Global Citizen Award by the United Nations Association in Canada.[75] The award recognizes "role models who have shown generosity, creativity, leadership and solution-seeking, and applied their talents to the challenges they have identified in their local communities, in the country and in the world."[75]

Electoral record[edit]

2021 Canadian federal election: Oakville
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Anita Anand 28,137 46.1 -0.2
Conservative Kerry Colborne 24,430 40.0 +0.9
New Democratic Jerome Adamo 5,373 8.8 +1.3
People's J.D. Meaney 1,970 3.2 +2.0
Green Oriana Knox 1,090 1.8 -3.9
Total valid votes 61,000 99.5
Total rejected ballots 330 0.5
Turnout 61,330 68.3
Eligible voters 89,757
Liberal hold Swing -0.6
Source: Elections Canada[76]
2019 Canadian federal election: Oakville
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Anita Anand 30,265 46.28 -3.11 $88,029.39
Conservative Terence Young 25,561 39.08 -3.41 $98,290.90
New Democratic Jerome Adamo 4,928 7.54 +1.62 none listed
Green James Elwick 3,704 5.66 +3.47 $7,355.08
People's JD Meaney 798 1.22 none listed
Christian Heritage Sushila Pereira 145 0.22 none listed
Total valid votes/expense limit 65,401 99.26
Total rejected ballots 487 0.74 +0.36
Turnout 65,888 72.94 -0.51
Eligible voters 90,334
Liberal hold Swing +0.15
Source: Elections Canada[77][78]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Canadian Ministry (by order of precedence" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 26, 2021. Retrieved October 27, 2021.
  2. ^ Date information sourced from Library of Congress Authorities data, via corresponding WorldCat Identities linked authority file (LAF).
  3. ^ a b "Meet Anita Indira Anand, a law professor who became Canada's first Hindu minister". Archived from the original on January 29, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  4. ^ "Anita Anand first Hindu to be appointed cabinet minister in Canada". Hindustan Times. November 21, 2019. Archived from the original on March 3, 2020. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "The Honourable Anita Anand Minister of Public Services and Procurement". Government of Canada. November 20, 2019. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  6. ^ "Anita Anand". Liberal Party of Canada. November 25, 2019. Archived from the original on November 4, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Newly elected MP Anita Anand brings a wealth of experience to public services portfolio". Toronto Star. January 3, 2020. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Anita Anand | University of Toronto Faculty of Law". www.law.utoronto.ca. Archived from the original on October 1, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  9. ^ "Fulbright Canada Database". Fulbright Canada. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  10. ^ "Three U of T faculty, PhD student honoured with Royal Society of Canada awards of excellence". University of Toronto News. Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  11. ^ "Press Release | 2019 Medal and Award Winners | The Royal Society of Canada". rsc-src.ca. Archived from the original on January 4, 2020. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  12. ^ "Newly elected MP Anita Anand brings a wealth of experience to public services portfolio". Toronto Star. January 3, 2020. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  13. ^ a b "Anita Anand, Oakville's Federal Liberal Candidate". Oakville News. June 13, 2019. Archived from the original on January 3, 2020. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  14. ^ "'Honoured to win the support': The Oakville Liberal candidate has been chosen for federal election". InsideHalton.com. June 13, 2019. Archived from the original on June 15, 2019. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
  15. ^ "Tamur For Oakville – Liberal". Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  16. ^ Canada, Elections. "Election Night Results - Electoral Districts". enr.elections.ca. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  17. ^ Machan, Nolan (November 20, 2019). "Public Services and Procurement Minister: Anita Anand". Oakville News. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  18. ^ Tumilty, Ryan (April 16, 2020). "COVID-19: Planning for 'every eventuality,' Canada is ordering all the protective gear it can". National Post.
  19. ^ "First batch of Canadian-made 3M N95 respirators: manufactured and delivered". sciencecentre.3mcanada.ca. Archived from the original on September 9, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
  20. ^ "Testing for COVID-19: Increasing testing supply". Public Health Agency of Canada. October 6, 2020. Archived from the original on October 24, 2021. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  21. ^ "Anita Anand at the Health Committee | openparliament.ca". openparliament.ca. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  22. ^ "Federal government orders supplies to give two doses of COVID-19 vaccine when it's ready". CBC News. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved November 19, 2020.
  23. ^ Ljunggren, David (August 5, 2020). "Canada signs deals with Pfizer, Moderna for experimental COVID-19 vaccines". Reuters. Archived from the original on September 9, 2021. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  24. ^ "Canadian manufacturers, supply chain gearing up for distribution of future COVID-19 vaccine". Coronavirus. November 16, 2020. Archived from the original on January 25, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  25. ^ Austen, Ian (September 11, 2020). "The Vaccine Challenge: 'Not Putting All Our Eggs in One Basket'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  26. ^ Aiello, Rachel (May 11, 2021). "PM says Canada will have enough COVID-19 vaccines for a 'one-dose summer'". CTVNews. Archived from the original on September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  27. ^ a b "'I knew supply was coming': how Canada's push for Covid vaccines paid off". The Guardian. August 13, 2021. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  28. ^ Raycraft, Richard (July 27, 2021). "Canada has enough vaccine doses for all eligible Canadians, PM says". CBC News. Archived from the original on October 5, 2021. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  29. ^ Cecco, Leyland (August 13, 2021). "'I knew supply was coming': how Canada's push for Covid vaccines paid off". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 28, 2021. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  30. ^ Thompson, Nicole (November 21, 2021). "Plane carrying doses of COVID-19 vaccines for kids touches down in Canada". Coronavirus. Retrieved December 4, 2021.
  31. ^ https://newsinteractives.cbc.ca/elections/federal/2021/results/
  32. ^ Tunney, Catharine (October 26, 2021). "Anand to Defence, Joly to Foreign Affairs: Trudeau announces major cabinet shakeup". CBC News. Archived from the original on October 29, 2021. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  33. ^ "Sex misconduct crisis hurting military recruitment, morale: Defence Minister Anand". National Post. Retrieved November 23, 2021.
  34. ^ Kirkup, Kristy; Fine, Sean (November 4, 2021). "Military sexual-assault cases will be moved to civilian justice system, Defence Minister says". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 23, 2021.
  35. ^ ICI.Radio-Canada.ca, Zone Politique-. "La ministre de la Défense nationale ouvre le Forum de la sécurité internationale à Halifax". Radio-Canada.ca (in Canadian French). Retrieved November 23, 2021.
  36. ^ Kirkup, Kristy; Freeze, Colin (November 25, 2021). "General Wayne Eyre assumes permanent post as Chief of the Defence staff as military grapples with sexual misconduct crisis". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
  37. ^ Gallant, Jacques (December 13, 2021). "Defence minister and top officials apologize for failing survivors of military sexual misconduct". The Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  38. ^ "Canadian Forces sexual misconduct review calls for civilian criminal prosecutions, study of military schools". thestar.com. May 30, 2022. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  39. ^ "Defence minister vows action on military sexual misconduct, but understands skepticism - National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  40. ^ "CityNews". toronto.citynews.ca. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  41. ^ a b "Canada extends military operation in Ukraine for three years". CTVNews. January 26, 2022. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  42. ^ Brewster, Murray (January 30, 2022). "Russia can choose negotiations or sanctions, Canada's defence minister says in Ukraine". CBC News. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  43. ^ MacKinnon, Mark (January 31, 2022). "Defence Minister Anand discusses aid for Kyiv, including possibility of Canada sending weapons to Ukraine". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  44. ^ Chase, Steven (February 14, 2022). "Canada to send lethal weapons, $500-million loan to Ukraine as it girds for possible war". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  45. ^ Chase, Steven (February 22, 2022). "Canada to send more troops to Europe, slap fresh sanctions on Russia over Ukraine". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  46. ^ a b Ryan, Haley (March 19, 2022). "HMCS Halifax leaves for deployment as part of NATO support for Ukraine". CBC News. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  47. ^ "Canada to provide anti-tank weapons to Ukraine". ottawacitizen. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  48. ^ "Russia-Ukraine conflict: Anand announces fragmentation vests, meal packs to be sent | Watch News Videos Online". Global News. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  49. ^ Chase, Steven; Fife, Robert (March 3, 2022). "Canada to send rocket launchers to Ukraine, streamline immigration for refugees". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  50. ^ "Canada to ship drone cameras to Ukraine amid war with Russia - National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  51. ^ "Canada renews NATO mission in Central and Eastern Europe". www.ipolitics.ca. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  52. ^ Berthiaume, Lee (April 14, 2022). "Up to 150 Canadian troops deploying to Poland to help resettle Ukrainians". National Post. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  53. ^ "Canada has sent heavy artillery and ammunition to Ukraine". CTVNews. April 22, 2022. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  54. ^ "Canada to send 8 armoured vehicles to Ukraine amid heavy weapons push - National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  55. ^ Reuters (April 28, 2022). "Canada training Ukrainian troops on howitzer artillery, Canadian defense minister says". Reuters. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  56. ^ "'A true friend:' America's top military leader heaps praise on Canada". The Toronto Star. April 28, 2022. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  57. ^ "Trudeau says Putin responsible for 'heinous war crimes' during surprise visit to Ukraine - National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  58. ^ "Canada shipping 20,000 rounds of artillery ammunition to Ukraine". thestar.com. May 24, 2022. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  59. ^ Reuters (June 15, 2022). "Canada to send C$9 mln of replacement barrels for howitzer guns to Ukraine". Reuters. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  60. ^ Osman, Laura (June 29, 2022). "Canada to lead upgraded force in Latvia, but resists calls to meet spending target". CP24. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  61. ^ Osman, Laura (June 30, 2022). "Trudeau announces drone cameras, planned armoured vehicles for Ukraine at NATO summit". CP24. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  62. ^ "Defence minister touts made-in-London armoured vehicles as key to Ukraine support". lfpress. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  63. ^ Taylor-Vaisey, Nick. "So long, Buy American. Hello, Buy North American". POLITICO. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  64. ^ a b "Brasilia Declaration" (PDF). Conferência de Ministros de Defesa das Américas. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  65. ^ a b c "Canadian troops heading to U.K. to train Ukrainian forces". CTVNews. August 4, 2022. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  66. ^ "Minister of National Defence Mandate Letter". Prime Minister of Canada. December 14, 2021. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  67. ^ a b "Canada will spend $40B over 20 years to upgrade NORAD defences amid 'new threats' - National | Globalnews.ca". Global News. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  68. ^ a b c Karadeglija, Anja (June 20, 2022). "'Most significant upgrade': Canada pledges $4.9B over six years for NORAD modernization". National Post. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  69. ^ a b c "Don't forget China during Russian invasion of Ukraine, Canada's defence minister warns". thestar.com. March 11, 2022. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  70. ^ "Anita Anand accuses China of 'very concerning' behaviour in aerial spat". torontosun. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  71. ^ a b Brewster, Murray (August 6, 2022). "China's live-fire exercises off Taiwan an 'unnecessary escalation,' defence minister says". CBC News. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  72. ^ a b c d Proudfoot, Shannon (June 7, 2022). "How Anita Anand became the Trudeau government's all-round fixer". Maclean's. Retrieved August 14, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  73. ^ "Anita Anand first Hindu to be appointed cabinet minister in Canada". November 21, 2019.
  74. ^ "Our Board". www.grievingchildrenlighthouse.org. Archived from the original on September 11, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
  75. ^ a b "Oakville MP Anita Anand receives 2022 Global Citizen Award". thestar.com. July 15, 2022. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  76. ^ "List of confirmed candidates – September 20, 2021 Federal Election". Elections Canada. Archived from the original on February 15, 2020. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  77. ^ "List of confirmed candidates". Elections Canada. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  78. ^ "Official Voting Results". Elections Canada. Retrieved August 8, 2021.

External links[edit]

29th Ministry – Cabinet of Justin Trudeau
Cabinet posts (2)
Predecessor Office Successor
Carla Qualtrough Minister of Public Services and Procurement
November 20, 2019 – October 26, 2021
Filomena Tassi
Harjit Sajjan Minister of National Defence
October 26, 2021 – present
Incumbent