Anita Ekberg

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Anita Ekberg
Anita Ekberg 1956.jpg
Ekberg in 1956
Pronunciation Swedish: [aˈniːta ²eːkbærj]
Italian: [aˈniːta ˈɛkberɡ]
English: /əˈntə ˈɛkbɜːrɡ/
Born Kerstin Anita Marianne Ekberg
(1931-09-29)29 September 1931
Malmö, Sweden
Died 11 January 2015(2015-01-11) (aged 83)
Rocca di Papa, Italy
Nationality Swedish
Occupation Actress, model
Years active 1953–2002
Spouse(s)
Anthony Steel (m. 1956–1959)

Rik Van Nutter (m. 1963–1975)

Kerstin Anita Marianne Ekberg[1] (Swedish pronunciation: [a²niːta ²eːkbærj] (About this sound listen); 29 September 1931 – 11 January 2015) was a Swedish born Italian actress in American and European films. She is best known for her role as Sylvia in the Federico Fellini film La Dolce Vita (1960).[2] Ekberg worked primarily in Italy, where she became a permanent resident in 1964.[3]

Early life[edit]

Anita Ekberg was born on 29 September 1931, in Malmö, Skåne, the sixth of eight children[2] of Gustav Fredrik Ekberg by the former Alva Maria Larsson. In her teens, Anita worked as a fashion model. Ekberg entered the Miss Malmö competition in 1950 at her mother's urging. This led to the Miss Sweden contest which she won. She consequently went to the United States to compete for the 1951 Miss Universe title (an unofficial pageant at that time, the pageant became official in 1952), despite speaking very little English.[2]

Career[edit]

Universal Studios[edit]

Although Ekberg did not win the Miss Universe pageant, as one of six finalists she did earn a starlet's contract with Universal Studios.[4]

As a starlet at Universal, she received lessons in drama, elocution, dancing, horseback riding, and fencing. She appeared briefly in The Mississippi Gambler (1953), Abbott and Costello Go to Mars (1953) (playing a woman on Venus), Take Me to Town (1953), and The Golden Blade (1953).

Ekberg skipped many of her drama lessons, restricting herself to riding horses in the Hollywood Hills. Ekberg later admitted she was spoiled by the studio system and played instead of pursuing bigger film roles.[4] Universal dropped her after six months.[5]

Batjac and Paramount[edit]

Ekberg in War and Peace (1956)

The combination of Ekberg's voluptuous physique and colorful private life (such as her well-publicized romances with Hollywood's leading men like Frank Sinatra, Tyrone Power, Yul Brynner, Rod Taylor, and Errol Flynn)[2][6] appealed to the gossip magazines, like Confidential and she soon became a major 1950s pin-up, appearing in men's magazines like Playboy.[7] Additionally, Ekberg participated in publicity stunts. She once admitted that an incident in which her dress burst open in the lobby of London's Berkeley Hotel was prearranged with a photographer.[4]

Ekberg toured Greenland with Bob Hope entertaining American servicemen. Hope spoke of her beauty and John Wayne signed her to a contract with his Batjac Productions at $75 a week.[5]

By the mid-1950s, after several modeling jobs, Ekberg finally broke into the film industry. She guest-starred in the short-lived TV series Casablanca (1955) and Private Secretary.

She had a small part in the film Blood Alley (1955) starring John Wayne and Lauren Bacall, made for Wayne's Batjac Productions. It was her first real speaking role in a feature.[8] She appeared alongside the Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis comedy act in Artists and Models (1955), directed by Frank Tashlin for Paramount, playing "Anita".

Ekberg had her best chance to date when Paramount cast her in War and Peace (1956) which was shot in Rome, alongside Mel Ferrer and Audrey Hepburn, directed by King Vidor. For a time, she was even publicized as "Paramount's Marilyn Monroe".[9]

Ekberg in Hollywood or Bust (1956)

Ekberg was third billed in a thriller for Batjac, Man in the Vault (1956).[10] It was distributed by RKO Pictures who gave Ekberg an excellent part in Back from Eternity (1956), directed by John Farrow.[11]

Ekberg signed a deal with Warwick Pictures, the company of producers Albert Broccoli and Irwin Allen, who made films in England. She did Zarak (1956) with Victor Mature.

Ekberg returned to Hollywood to make a second film with Martin and Lewis (and Tashlin), Hollywood or Bust (1956). Ekberg made a second film for Warwick with Mature, Interpol (1957).[11] In 1956 Hedda Hopper said her fee was $75,000 per picture.[5]

She was announced for Glare directed by Budd Boetticher, but it was not made.[12]

When John Wayne split up with his producing partner Robert Fellows, Fellows took over Ekberg's contract.[13]

Gerd Oswald[edit]

Ekberg returned to Hollywood to make Valerie (1957) with Sterling Hayden and her then-husband Anthony Steel for director Gerd Oswald.[11][14]

She co-starred with Bob Hope and Fernandel in Paris Holiday (1958). It was also directed by Oswald as was Screaming Mimi (1958). She did a third for Warwick, The Man Inside (1958) with Jack Palance. A film was announced for her A Lot of Woman but it was not made.[15]

Italy and La Dolce Vita[edit]

Ekberg went to Italy to star in Sheba and the Gladiator (1959), playing Zenobia.[16]

She stayed in Rome to make La Dolce Vita (1960) for Frederico Fellini, performing as Sylvia Rank, the unattainable "dream woman" of the character played by Marcello Mastroianni. The film features a scene of her cavorting in Rome's Trevi Fountain alongside Mastroianni, which has been called "one of cinema's most iconic scenes".[2][17]

The movie was an international sensation and Ekberg settled in Rome.[18] She had the lead in an Italian-French co production, Last Train to Shanghai (1960) (aka The Dam on the Yellow River), then was in Le tre eccetera del colonnello (1960), The Call Girl Business (1960)[11], Behind Closed Doors (1961), and The Mongols (1961), which had an American director (Andre De Toth) and co star (Jack Palance).

She later said "things became a little bit boring for me after La Dolce Vita because every producer or director in Italy, England and America wanted me to recreate the same role - the movie star from America who comes over to Italy."[19]

Ekberg then appeared in Boccaccio '70 (1962), a film that also featured Sophia Loren and Romy Schneider. Soon thereafter, Ekberg was being considered by Broccoli to play the first Bond girl, Honey Ryder in Dr. No, but the role went to the then-unknown Ursula Andress.[11] However Broccoli then cast her in Call Me Bwana (1963) with Bob Hope. (Call Me Bwana featured in the second Bond film, From Russia with Love, during a sequence where Ali Kerim Bey assassinates the Russian agent Krilencu with a sniper rifle. Krilencu attempts to escape through a window, which is situated in Anita Ekberg's mouth, on the wall-sized poster: "She should have kept her mouth shut," Bond says.[20])

Ekberg co-starred with Andress, Frank Sinatra, and Dean Martin in the western-comedy 4 for Texas (1963).

She returned to Europe to make Love Factory (1964) and Who Wants to Sleep? (1965). She went to England for an Agatha Christie adaptation, The Alphabet Murders (1965), directed by Frank Tashlin who had made her two Martin and Lewis films.

Ekberg was in the Italian How I Learned to Love Women (1966) then had a small role in a Jerry Lewis comedy, Way... Way Out (1966). She was in Pardon, Are You For or Against? (1966), an Alberto Sordi comedy; The Cobra (1967), an Italian crime film with Dana Andrews; The Glass Sphinx (1967) with Robert Taylor; Woman Times Seven (1967), an anthology directed by Vittorio De Sica, in a segment with Michael Caine; and Crónica de un atraco (1968).

She had a cameo in If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Belgium (1969) and the lead in Fangs of the Living Dead (1969), Death Knocks Twice (1969), and A Candidate for a Killing (1969).

Later Career[edit]

Fellini called Ekberg back for a cameo in The Clowns (1970). She had bigger parts in The Divorce (1970) with Vittorio Gassman; The Conjugal Debt (1970); Quella chiara notte d'ottobre (1970); The French Sex Murders] (1972), a giallo; and Deadly Trackers (1972).

She went to Asia to make a Hollywood film, Northeast of Seoul (1972). In 1972 she sued an Italian magazine for publishing naked photographs of her.[21]

Ekberg was also in Gold of the Amazon Women (1979), Killer Nun (1979), S.H.E: Security Hazards Expert (1980), Cicciabomba (1982), and The Seduction of Angela (1986). Fellini used her in Intervista (1987), appearing as herself in a reunion scene with Mastroianni.[11]

Later performances included Count Max (1991), Ambrogio (1992), Cattive ragazze (1992), Witness Run (1996), and Bámbola (1996), in a part turned down by Gina Lollobrigida. She had a good part in Le nain rouge (1998).[22][23]

She was in the TV series Beauty Centre (2001).

Personal life[edit]

Both of Ekberg's marriages were to actors, but neither of them succeeded. She was married to Anthony Steel from 22 May 1956 until their divorce in 14 May 1959 and to Rik Van Nutter from 9 April 1963 until their divorce in 1975.[2][6] In one interview, she said she wished she had a child,[24] but stated just the opposite on another occasion.[25]

Ekberg was often outspoken in interviews, e.g., naming famous people she reportedly "couldn't bear". She was also frequently quoted as saying that it was Fellini who owed his success to her, rather than vice versa: "They would like to keep up the story that Fellini made me famous, that Fellini discovered me," she said in a 1999 interview with The New York Times.[26]

Ekberg did not live in Sweden after the early 1950s, and rarely visited the country. However, she welcomed Swedish journalists into her home outside Rome and in 2005 appeared on the popular radio program Sommar, telling about her life. She stated in an interview that she would not move back to Sweden before her death but would be buried there.[24]

In 1963, she was sued by her publicist.[27]

In 1977, she was robbed in August and in December.[28]

On 19 July, 2009, she was admitted to the San Giovanni Hospital in Rome after falling ill in her home in Genzano, according to a medical official in the hospital's neurosurgery department. Despite her condition not being serious, Ekberg was put under observation in the facility.[29]

In December 2011, it was reported that the 80-year-old Ekberg was "destitute" following three months in a Rimini hospital with a broken hip, during which time her home was robbed of jewelry and furniture,[2] and her villa was badly damaged by fire.[30] Ekberg applied for help from the Fellini Foundation, which also found itself in difficult financial straits.[31]

Death[edit]

Ekberg died on 11 January 2015, at the age of 83, at the clinic San Raffaele in Rocca di Papa in Castelli Romani, Italy from complications of enduring illnesses.[2][32][33] Ekberg's funeral service was held on 14 January 2015, at the Lutheran-Evangelical Christuskirche in Rome, after which her body was cremated and her remains were buried at the cemetery of Skanör Church in Sweden.[34]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes ref
1953 The Mississippi Gambler Maid of Honor [35]
Abbott and Costello Go to Mars Venusian Guard American science fiction comedy film directed by Charles Lamont. [36]
The Golden Blade Handmaiden An adventure film directed by Nathan Juran.
1955 Blood Alley Wei Ling, Big Han's wife American seafaring Cold War adventure film set in China directed by William A. Wellman. [37]
Artists and Models Anita
[38]
1956 War and Peace Helene American-Italian war drama film directed by King Vidor.
Back from Eternity Rena drama film directed and produced by John Farrow. [39]
Hollywood or Bust Herself
Man in the Vault Flo Randall Film noir directed by Andrew V. McLaglen. [40]
Zarak Salma
[41][42]
1957 Interpol Gina Broger
[43]
Valerie Valerie Horvat Western film directed by Gerd Oswald. [44][45]
1958 Paris Holiday Zara Comedy film directed by Gerd Oswald [46][47]
The Man Inside Trudie Hall British crime adventure film directed by John Gilling.
Screaming Mimi Virginia Wilson aka Yolanda Lange
  • Film noir directed by Gerd Oswald
  • Based on the novel by pulp novelist Fredric Brown.
  • Film never received an official video release in the U.S.
1959 Sheba and the Gladiator Zenobia
[48]
1960 La Dolce Vita Sylvia Italian comedy-drama film written and directed by Federico Fellini. [49]
1961 The Mongols Hulina Directed by André De Toth.
A porte chiuse Olga Duvovich
  • Internationally released as Behind Closed Doors
  • Italian comedy film directed by Dino Risi.
[50][51][52][53]
The Dam on the Yellow River Miss Dorothy Simmons
  • Italian: Apocalisse sul fiume giallo
  • French: Le dernier train de Shanghai
  • Released in UK as Last Train to Shanghai.
  • Italian-French drama film written and directed by Renzo Merusi.
[54][55][page needed]
1962 Boccaccio '70 Herself
[56]
1963 Call Me Bwana Luba Farce film directed by Gordon Douglas. [57]
4 for Texas Elya Carlson
  • American western comedy directed by Robert Aldrich.
  • The film was announced in 1960 as Two for Texas.
[58]
1965 The Alphabet Murders Amanda
Who Wants to Sleep? Lolita Young
[59]
1966 How I Learned to Love Women Margaret Joyce
  • Italian: Come imparai ad amare le donne
  • French: Comment j'ai appris à aimer les femmes
  • German: Das gewisse Etwas der Frauen
  • Also known as Love Parade
  • Italian-French-German comedy film directed by Luciano Salce.
[54][60]
Way...Way Out Anna American comedy film directed by Gordon Douglas.
Pardon, Are You For or Against? Baroness Olga
  • Italian: Scusi, lei è favorevole o contrario?
  • Italian comedy film written, directed and starred by Alberto Sordi.
[61][62]
1967 The Glass Sphinx Paulette
[63]
Woman Times Seven Claudie
The Cobra Lou
  • Italian: Il cobra
  • Spanish: El cobra
  • Also known as Cobra and Female Cobra
  • Italian-Spanish crime film directed by Mario Sequi.
[54][55][page needed]
1969 Death Knocks Twice Sophia Perretti
[64]
Malenka Malenka / Sylvia Morel
  • Also known as Fangs of the Living Dead.
  • Spanish-Italian horror film that was written and directed by Spanish director Amando de Ossorio, and his first horror film.
[65][66]
1970 The Clowns Herself Film by Federico Fellini about the human fascination with clowns and circuses. [67]
The Divorce Flavia
[68][69]
1972 Casa d'appuntamento Madame Colette
  • Translation: The House of Rendezvous.
  • Also known as The French Sex Murders.
  • Giallo film directed by Ferdinando Merighi under the pseudonym "F. L. Morris".
Northeast of Seoul Katherine Film directed by David Lowell Rich. [70][71]
1978 Killer Nun Sister Gertrude
  • Also known as Suor Omicidi or Deadly Habits
  • Italian nunsploitation film directed and co-written by Giulio Berruti and co-written by Alberto Tarallo.
  • The film was originally banned in Britain as a 'video nasty' and released with cuts in 1993, but was finally released uncut on DVD in the UK during 2006, after changes in British censorship policy.
[72]
1980 S*H*E Dr. Biebling American spy film directed by Robert Michael Lewis.
1987 Intervista Herself Italian film directed by Federico Fellini.
1991 Count Max Marika French-Italian comedy film directed by Christian De Sica [73]
1996 Bambola Mother Greta French-Spanish-Italian erotic melodrama film written and directed by Bigas Luna.

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes ref
1979 Gold of the Amazon Women Queen Na-Eela

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Inline citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Anita Ekberg". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "La Dolce Vita star Anita Ekberg dies". BBC. 11 January 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "Anita Ekberg To Become Italian Citizen" (PDF). North Tonawanda Evening News. 15 October 1964. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Sullivan (1995).
  5. ^ a b c Anita Ekberg Caught in Whirl of Stardom: Anita Ekberg Caught in Whirl of Fame After Triumphal Return to Hollywood Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 23 September 1956: D1.
  6. ^ a b Bernstein, Adam (11 January 2015). "Anita Ekberg, Swedish bombshell of 'La Dolce Vita,' dies at 83". The Washington Post. 
  7. ^ "La Dolce Vita star Anita Ekberg passes away". Al Jazeera. 11 January 2015. 
  8. ^ WARNERS TO FILM A STORY BY HECHT The New York Times 11 January 1955: 21
  9. ^ "The Old-School Beauty Of Anita Ekberg". The Roosevelts. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  10. ^ Drama: John Wayne Revives Batjac; Heston to Tour Straw Hat Show Circuit Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 4 June 1956: A9.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Anita Ekberg, 'Dolce Vita' actress, dies". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  12. ^ Drama: Mann-Kennedy Project Calls for Magnani; New Navy Novel Purchased Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 23 February 1956: A9.
  13. ^ Anita Ekberg Pursued for 'Screaming Mimi;' 'Galveston' Near Ready Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 21 December 1956: B7.
  14. ^ Paris Night-Club Singer Signed; Wengraff Acts Anita Ekberg's Father Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 4 December 1956: A11.
  15. ^ Ekberg Offered Texas Story; 'Wink of an Eye' Stars Doris Dowling Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 31 May 1957: 19.
  16. ^ "Nel segno di Roma". filmtipset.se. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  17. ^ Mejia, Paula. "Anita Ekberg, International Film Siren, Dies at Age 83". Newsweek. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  18. ^ ANITA EKBERG TOLD TO PAY TAX IN ROME Chicago Daily Tribune 3 July 1961: a5.
  19. ^ Anita Ekberg; Rewind 1960 Interview Ajesh Patalay. Sun Herald; Sydney, 13 August 2006: 38.
  20. ^ Field, Matthew; Chowdhury, Ajay (2015). Some Kind of Hero: The Remarkable Story of the James Bond Films. The History Press. p. 102. ISBN 0750966505. 
  21. ^ Magazine Sued by Anita Ekberg Los Angeles Times 11 July 1972: g12.
  22. ^ La dolce Anita It's nearly 40 years since she danced in the Fountain of Trevi for Fellini, but Anita Ekberg still looks and acts the diva. Now she is making a rare screen appearance - mainly to spite her rival, Gina Lollobrigida. Stanley, Alessandra. The Guardian; London (UK) [London (UK)]03 July 1999: 5.
  23. ^ Life's not so sweet when you're being squeezed Norwich, William. National Pos 15 May 1999: B12.
  24. ^ a b "La dolce Anita turns 75". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). 5 October 2006. Archived from the original on 3 December 2006. 
  25. ^ "Anita Ekberg". Studentafton. Lund. 22 March 2007. 
  26. ^ "Still a Blond Bombshell, but of a Certain Age". The New York Times. 13 June 1999. 
  27. ^ Anita Ekberg Named in Suit Los Angeles Times 29 June 1963: C5.
  28. ^ Anita Ekberg robbed again Chicago Tribune 22 December 1977: 10
  29. ^ "Anita Ekberg in Rome hospital". ABC News. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  30. ^ "Dolce Vita diva Ekberg appeals for help". India: Zee News. 23 December 2011. 
  31. ^ "Film icon falls on hard times". The New Zealand Herald. 24 December 2011. 
  32. ^ "Skådespelerskan Anita Ekberg är död". Expressen. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  33. ^ "Anita Ekberg, International Screen Beauty and Fellini Star, Dies at 83". The New York Times. 11 January 2015. 
  34. ^ "Anita Ekberg, mercoledì i funerali nella chiesa evangelica luterana". Corriere di Roma (in Italian). 11 January 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  35. ^ "The Mississippi Gambler". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  36. ^ Furmanek, Bob and Ron Palumbo (1991). Abbott and Costello in Hollywood. New York: Perigee Books. ISBN 0-399-51605-0
  37. ^ Variety film review; 21 September 1955, page 6.
  38. ^ "Finding Aid for the Herbert Baker Papers, 1939-1978". Content.cdlib.org. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  39. ^ Pendo 1985, p. 271.
  40. ^ "Man in the Vault: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  41. ^ WARWICK ACQUIRES BEVAN SPY NOVEL: Irving Allen Plans Production of 'Zarak Khan' -- Seeking Errol Flynn for Title Role By THOMAS M. PRYOR. The New York Times 14 May 1953: 33.
  42. ^ "Zarak (1956) - Overview". TCM.com. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  43. ^ "Interpol (1957)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  44. ^ "Valerie". TCMDB. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  45. ^ "Valerie". All Movie. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  46. ^ "Full synopsis". TCMDB. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  47. ^ Erickson, Hal. "Plot synopsis". Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  48. ^ McGee, Mark (996). Faster and Furiouser: The Revised and Fattened Fable of American International Pictures. McFarland. p. 154. 
  49. ^ Kezich, Tullio (2006). Federico Fellini: His Life and Work. New York: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-21168-5. 
  50. ^ Irene Mazzetti. I film di Dino Risi (in Italian). Gremese. 
  51. ^ Valerio Caprara (1993). Mordi e fuggi: la commedia secondo Dino Risi (in Italian). Marsilio. 
  52. ^ Paolo D'Agostini, Dino Risi, Editrice Il castoro, 1995
  53. ^ Films in Review, Volume 14, National Board of Review of Motion Pictures, 1963
  54. ^ a b c Roberto Chiti; Roberto Poppi; Enrico Lancia; Mario Pecorari (1992). Dizionario del cinema italiano. I film. Gremese Editore. ISBN 8876055932. 
  55. ^ a b Freddy Buache (1992). Le cinéma italien, 1945-1990. L'Age d'homme. ISBN 2825102253. 
  56. ^ ""Nino Rota, L'Amico Magico" at". Last.fm. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  57. ^ Ceplair, Larry (2007). The Marxist and the Movies: A Biography of Paul Jarrico. University Press of Kentucky. p. either 188 or 250. ISBN 9780813137049. 
  58. ^ Scott, J. L. (1 November 1960). "Texas yarns follow in wake of 'alamo'". Los Angeles Times(1923-Current File). Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  59. ^ "Who wants to Sleep?". British Film Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  60. ^ Andrea Pergolari (2002). Verso la commedia: momenti del cinema di Steno, Salce, Festa Campanile. Firenze libri. 
  61. ^ Roberto Poppi; Mario Pecorari (2007). Dizionario del cinema italiano. I film. Gremese Editore. ISBN 8884405033. 
  62. ^ Paolo Mereghetti (2010). Il Mereghetti. B.C. Dalai Editore. ISBN 8860736269. 
  63. ^ "The Glass Sphinx". TCMDB. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  64. ^ "BFI: Blonde Köder für den Mörder". British Film Institute. Retrieved 31 December 2015. 
  65. ^ McCallum, Lawrence (1998). Italian horror films of the 1960s: a critical catalog of 62 chillers. McFarland. pp. 75–77. ISBN 9780786404353. 
  66. ^ Cinefantastique, Volume 3. Cinefantastique. 1973. p. 34. 
  67. ^ Philip French (25 October 2014). "I Clowns review". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  68. ^ Roberto Chiti; Roberto Poppi; Enrico Lancia (1991). Dizionario del cinema italiano: I film. Gremese. ISBN 8876059695. 
  69. ^ Paolo Mereghetti (2010). Il Mereghetti. B.C. Dalai Editore. ISBN 88-6073-626-9. 
  70. ^ "Northeast of Seoul". All Movie. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  71. ^ "Film Review: Northeast of Seoul (1972)". Films de France. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  72. ^ Fountain, Nigel (2008). Killer Nun: Film, Horror. London: =Time Out Film Guide 2009. p. 566. 
  73. ^ Koper, Richard (2010). Fifties Blondes: Sexbombs, Sirens, Bad Girls and Teen Queens. BearManor Media. p. 113. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sullivan, Steve (1995). VaVaVa Voom! Glamour Girls of The Pinup Era. Stoddart. ISBN 978-1-881649-60-1. 
  • McDonough, Jimmy (2005). Big Bosoms and Square Jaws: The Biography of Russ Meyer, King of the Sex Film. Jonathan Cape. ISBN 0-224-07250-1. 
  • Mancini, Henry (2002). Did They Mention the Music?: The Autobiography of Henry Mancini. Copper Square Press. ISBN 978-0-8154-1175-8. 
  • Pendo, Stephen (1985). Aviation in the Cinema. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8-1081-746-2. 

External links[edit]