Anjang of Goguryeo

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Anjang of Goguryeo
Hangul 안장왕
Hanja 安藏王
Revised Romanization Anjang-wang
McCune–Reischauer Anjang-wang
Birth name
Hangul 흥안
Hanja 興安
Revised Romanization Heung-an
McCune–Reischauer Hǔng'an
Monarchs of Korea
Goguryeo
  1. King Chumo 37-19 BCE
  2. King Yuri 19 BCE-18 CE
  3. King Daemusin 18-44
  4. King Minjung 44-48
  5. King Mobon 48-53
  6. King Taejodae 53-146
  7. King Chadae 146-165
  8. King Sindae 165-179
  9. King Gogukcheon 179-197
  10. King Sansang 197-227
  11. King Dongcheon 227-248
  12. King Jungcheon 248-270
  13. King Seocheon 270-292
  14. King Bongsang 292-300
  15. King Micheon 300-331
  16. King Gogug-won 331-371
  17. King Sosurim 371-384
  18. King Gogug-yang 384-391
  19. King Gwanggaeto 391-413
  20. King Jangsu 413-490
  21. King Munja 491-519
  22. King Anjang 519-531
  23. King An-won 531-545
  24. King Yang-won 545-559
  25. King Pyeong-won 559-590
  26. King Yeong-yang 590-618
  27. King Yeong-nyu 618-642
  28. King Bojang 642-668

King Anjang of Goguryeo (died 531, r. 519–531)[1] was the 22nd ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. With his original name of Heung-an, he was the eldest son of King Munjamyeong. He was named Crown Prince in the seventh year of Munjamyeong's reign (498),[2] and assumed the throne when his father died in 519.[3] He was supposedly assassinated in 531 without heir.[1]

Under Anjang, Goguryeo continued to maintain close relations with the Chinese dynasties, notably Wei and Liang with constant tribute missions,[2][4] to counterbalance the volatile relationship with the southerly Korean kingdoms of Baekje and Silla. He attacked Baekje in 523[5] and 529,[6] slaying more than 2,000 Baekje soldiers.

Historical records during the reign of Anjang are rarely found throughout East Asia with some erroneous marks on his death: the Book of Liang completed in 635 says Anjang died in 526 but it was about five or six years later;[7] The Japanese chronicle Nihon Shoki quoting Baekje Bongi says Anjang was killed amid bloody chaos,[8] which implies the final years of his reign were not fairly stabilized.[9][10] Since series of chaos also sparked at the end of his brother, Anwon’s reign, it is speculated the succession issue had already been entrenched as extreme affair of Goguryeo court among the aristocracy.[2][11]

When Anjang died without heir in 531, he was succeeded by his younger brother, Anwon.[2]

The Love story of Go Heung-an and Lady Han[edit]

Among the numerous historical Korean stories, there is the Love story of a Baekje woman and the 22nd Great King of Goguryeo. It shows many parallels to the Western culture's Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, and also the story of Prince Hodong and Princess Nangnang, who also had a forbidden love.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "King Anjang". KBS Radio. KBS. 2015-06-15. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Chong-uk, Yi (2005). The history of Goguryeo (고구려의 역사) (in Korean) (1-p'an. ed.). Seoul: Kimyŏngsa. pp. 369–375. ISBN 9788934917625. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  3. ^ Kim, Bushik. "Samguk Sagi". Korea History Database (한국사데이터베이스). Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Yoo, Chan Yul (1990). "The International Relations of Korea as a Small State": 67. 
  5. ^ Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi (三國史記 卷第二十六 百濟本紀 第四 ed.). 
  6. ^ Kim, Bushik (1145). Samguk Sagi (三國史記 卷第二十六 百濟本紀 第四 ed.). 
  7. ^ 《梁書》(Book of Liang) V. 54 Annal of Goguryeo: “(普通)七年 安卒 子延立 遣使貢獻 詔以延襲爵”이라고 기록되어 있다.
  8. ^ 《日本書紀》 卷第十七 男大迹天皇 繼體天皇: (廿五年) 冬十二月丙申朔庚子 葬于藍野陵; 或本云 天皇 廿八年歲次甲寅崩 而此云 廿五年歲次辛亥崩者 取百濟本記爲文 其文云 太歲辛亥三月 軍進至于安羅 營乞乇城 是月 高麗弑其王安 又聞 日本天皇及太子皇子 俱崩薨 由此而言 辛亥之歲 當廿五年矣 後勘校者 知之也
  9. ^ 정, 구복. 역주 삼국사기 3 주석편. 한국정신문화연구원. p. 400. 
  10. ^ Kim, Hyŏn-suk (2005). The methodology of Goguryeo's division ruling (in Korean). Seoul: Mosinŭn Saramdŭl. p. 400. ISBN 9788990699305. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  11. ^ Lee, Yoon-seop (2014). 한나절에 읽는 백제의 역사 (History of Baekje reading in a day). p. 400. ISBN 9791155191965. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
Anjang of Goguryeo
Died: 531
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Munjamyeong
King of Goguryeo
519–531
Succeeded by
Anwon