Anjarakkandy

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Anjarakandy
village
Theyyam at Anjarakkandy
Theyyam at Anjarakkandy
Coordinates: 11°52′56″N 75°30′35″E / 11.88222°N 75.50972°E / 11.88222; 75.50972Coordinates: 11°52′56″N 75°30′35″E / 11.88222°N 75.50972°E / 11.88222; 75.50972
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kannur
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 670612
Vehicle registration KL-13(old), KL-58

Anjarakandy is a Grama panchayath in Kannur district. Anjrakandy river is flowing through Anjarakandy.

History[edit]

The village includes Anjarakandy Cinnamon Estate, established by the East India Company in 1767.[1] The estate, reputed to be Asia's largest, and the associated processing plant are still operational. Visitors are permitted to view the process of preparing cinnamon spice and extraction of oil. The local king, Pazhassi Raja and the British East India Company waged war for control of the estate.[2]

Lord Brown of east India Company Started a system of keeping a record of Land transactions done by him to open Anjarakandy Cinnamon estate triggered opening up of a new Department of Land Registration in British Government in Asia region, This Land Registrar's office is located at Anjarakandy in a 242-year-old building built in 1767 [3][3][4]

Onakkan Menon was born in Ancharakandy, in a famous thiyya tharavad, 'Kalathil Uppot' in the year ME- 1071. He studied Kathakali from Manakkadan Kunhambu Gurikkal's kathakaliyogam at Eranholi, Thalassery. The name of his teacher was Manakkadan Kunhambu Gurikkal. Onakkan Menon practiced kathakali several years in Eranholi and began to teach kathakali. Then he conducted his own kathakali yogam in his homeplace Ancharakandy and taught kathakali for the students belong to thiyya community. Unfortunately this kathakali yogam existed for a short period only. The subcast 'menon' is considered as an upper caste community name. Onakkan Menon did not belong to Menon community. His family was engaged in the job of 'Amsam Menon'. So the entire family was known as 'Menon". Onakkan Menon died in the year ME- 1096.[citation needed]

The Kannur medical college is super-specialty hospital.[4]

One of the best High school in the state of Kerala (Anjarakandy High school) is also located in Anjarakandy.[citation needed]


Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Ancharakandy had a population of 21,882. Males constitute 47% of the population and females 53%. Ancharakandy has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 49% of the males and 51% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History[edit]

The village includes Ancharakandy Cinnamon Estate, established by the East India Company in 1767.[6] The estate, reputed to be Asia's largest, and associated processing plant are still operational and visitors can view the process of preparing cinnamon spice and extraction of oil. In 1903, the local king, Pazhassi Raja and the British Army waged war for control of the estate.[7][8]

Asia's first Land Registrar's office is located in a 242-year-old building built in 1767 by Lord Brown.[8] The Kannur medical college, established in 2006, is equipped with a 500 bed super specialty hospital. and Kannur dental college and super specialty hospital ,Malabar institute of technology was established in 2010.

Educational Institutions[edit]

  • Malabar Institute of Technology [9]
  • The Kannur medical college is also super-specialty hospital.[9]
  • Anjarakandy Higher Secondary School is located in Anjarakandy Village.[9]
  • Mamba Central LP School is also situated in Mamba village. It has classes from Standard 1 to 5. Established in 1881 by Sri Kunhikkannan Ezhuthachan. This school received the "Best LP school in Kannur District" award.[10]

Kannur Dental College ,College of Nursing -Kannur Medical College ,Institute of Paramedical Sciences,College of Pharmacy -Kannur Medical College ,

Anjarakandy, being easily accessible from nearby places such as Thalassery, Iritty, Koothuparamba and Kannur, is a central location for providing professional education. The prominent professional education institution in Anjrakandy is the Anjarakandy Integrated Campus.[11]

Transportation[edit]

The national highway passes through Kannur town. Goa and Mumbai can be accessed on the northern side and Cochin and Thiruvananthapuram can be accessed on the southern side. The road to the east of Iritty connects to Mysore and Bangalore. The nearest railway station is Thalassery on Mangalore-Palakkad line. Trains are available to almost all parts of India subject to advance booking over the internet. There are airports at Mattanur, Mangalore and Calicut. All of them are international airports but direct flights are available only to Middle Eastern countries.

References[edit]