Goddess Ankalamma, or Angalamma, is also known as Ankamma or Angamma, Ankali, Angali, Ankala Parameswari and Angala Parameswari. She is worshipped with these names in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Ankalamma is a non-Vedic deity and, like so many Tamil popular deities, she seems to have originated in a fierce guardian figure. Sacred areas of Ankalamma and traditional Hindu deities are worshipped symbolically to appease the inner destructive impulses in us. Fowl or lamb offerings are made in village annual ceremonies and these are later consumed as food. Ankalamma's shrines are usually located outside of the village in groves of trees. They are usually not proper temples, but very simple stone structures.
Ankamma Kolupu ritual
The main characteristic of the ritual called Ankamma Kolupu is that a midnight worship (puja) is performed by making a colorful Rangoli with wheat flour, turmeric powder, kumkum, black charcoal powder, etc. During the worship singers recite ballads based on local stories about warrior ancestors (Veeran). The climax comes at the end of the ritual, when the devotees sacrifice a goat and its blood is spilled in order to appease the goddess. Other rituals like the Devara Kolupu or Veerla Kolupu are normally performed on some special occasions by individuals or by the community as a whole.
- H. Krishna Sastri, South Indian Images of Gods and Goddesses pages 223-224
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- W.T. Elmore, Dravidian Gods in Modern Hinduism.