Panoramic view of Ankara Castle
|Established||8th century BC|
|Location||Altındağ, Ankara, Turkey|
|Owner||Phrygia (8th century BC)|
Galatia (278 BC)
Roman Empire (25 BC)
Byzantine Empire (4th century)
Seljuq Turks (1071)
Ottoman Empire (1356)
Ankara Castle (Turkish: Ankara Kalesi) is a historic fortification in the city of Ankara in Turkey. It was founded in the 8th century BC by the Phrygians and rebuilt in 278 BC by the Galatians. The castle underwent several renovations during the Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, and Ottoman eras.
History and architecture
The castle is composed of an inner line of walls with closely spaced towers that encloses an area of about 350m by 150m, and an outer line of walls with towers some 40m apart. Both set of walls were constructed using large quantities of reused masonry. The exact date of their construction is uncertain, but both postdate the capture and destruction of Ankara by the Persians in probably 622. Foss considers that the inner walls may date from the reign of Constans II. The outer walls are generally believed to have been constructed slightly later.
- Clive Foss, Late Antique and Byzantine Ankara in Dumbarton Oaks Papers Vol. 31 (1977), pp. 70-72.
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