Ankara Metro

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Ankara Metro
AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Çayyolu Metro 19.JPG
A CRRC subway train on the M2 line of the Ankara Metro
Overview
Native name Ankara Metrosu
Locale Ankara, Turkey
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 5
Number of stations 56
Daily ridership 289,155 (average, 2014)
Annual ridership Ankaray AnkarayLogo.png : 37.1 million (2014)[1]
Metro AnkaraMetroLogo.png : 67.0 million (2014)[1]
Total: 104.1 million (2013)[1]
Website http://www.ego.gov.tr
Operation
Began operation 1996 AnkarayLogo.png / 1997 AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Operator(s) Electricity, Gas, Bus General Directorate (EGO)
Number of vehicles 432 (108 Bombardier, 324 CSR) AnkaraMetroLogo.png
33 (Breda-AEG) AnkarayLogo.png
Technical
System length 64.36 km (39.99 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC Third rail
System map
Ankara rapid transit network (with extensions under construction)

The Ankara Metro (Turkish: Ankara Metrosu) is the rapid transit system serving Ankara, the capital of Turkey. At present, Ankara's rapid transit system consists of five metro lines – the Batıkent Metrosu (M1), the Koru Metrosu (M2), the Törekent Metrosu (M3) lines and the new Keçiören Metrosu (M4) line opened in 2017, along with the light rail Ankaray line.[2] The Ankaray, the M1, M2 and M3 lines, together transported 104.1 million passengers in 2014.[1] That corresponds to a ridership of approximately 289,155 per day.

The Kızılay to Atatürk Cultural Center link of M4 is not yet opened and remains under construction.[2] Also, an additional line (approx. 25 km long) between Kuyubaşı and Esenboğa International Airport is in the planning stages and would make up the next phase of expansion of the metro.

History[edit]

Ankaray[edit]

The Ankaray (from Turkish: Ankara ray, meaning Ankara rail), a light rail system (Turkish: Hafif Raylı,[3] which literally translates as "Light Rail", though the line does operate as more of a "light metro" line) was the first phase of the modern rapid transit network of the city. The Ankaray was constructed by a consortium headed by Siemens over a period of four years (1992–96). It opened on 20 August 1996. The line runs between AŞTİ (Turkish: Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi – Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) and Dikimevi, covering a distance of 8.53 kilometres (5.30 mi), of which 6.68 kilometres (4.15 mi) is through underground tunnels.[4] The line has 11 stations.[4]

Ankara Metro[edit]

Kızılay subway station

The Ankara Metro has been operating since 29 December 1997, with the opening of its first full metro line, M1, traveling between Kızılay, the city center, and Batıkent.

The M2 line, operating from Kızılay, the city center, to Koru, opened 12 February 2014. The M3 line, which serves almost as an extension of the M1 line, operating from Batıkent to Törekent, opened a month later on 13 March 2014.

The M4 line, operating from Atatürk Cultural Center to Gazino, opened on 5 January 2017.

Operations[edit]

Lines[edit]

The following table lists the five metro lines (including the Ankaray line) currently in service on the Ankara Metro:

Line Route Opened Length[5] Stations[5]
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray Dikimevi ↔ AŞTİ 1996 8.53 km (5.30 mi) 11
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M1 Kızılay ↔ Batıkent 1997 14.66 km (9.11 mi) 12
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M2 Kızılay ↔ Koru 2014 16.59 km (10.31 mi) 12
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M3 Batıkent ↔ Törekent 2014 15.36 km (9.54 mi) 12
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M4 Atatürk Cultural Center ↔ Gazino 2017 9.22 km (5.73 mi) 9
TOTAL: 64.36 km (39.99 mi) 56

Current stations[edit]

Ankara Metro
Turkish State Railways
(TCDD)
Ankara Metro AnkaraMetroLogo.png
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray
 
OSB-Törekent
GOP
Fatih
Harikalar Diyarı
Devlet Mah.
Eryaman 5
O-20 (Otoyol 20)
Eryaman 1-2
İstanbul Yolu
Botanik
Mesa
Batı Merkez
Batıkent
Ostim
Macunköy Depot
Macunköy
Gazino
Hastane
Dutluk
Demetevler
Kuyubaşı
Yenimahalle
Mecidiye
İvedik
Belediye
Istanbul Motorway
Meteoroloji
Akköprü
Samsun Motorway
Dışkapı
Atatürk Kültür Merkezi
Dikimevi
Ulus
Mainline rail interchange Kurtuluş
Kolej
Yenişehir Mainline rail interchange
Sıhhiye
Kızılay
Express train Mainline rail interchange Mainline rail interchange
Demirtepe
Ankara Central Station
Maltepe
Tandoğan
Beşevler
Necatibey
Bahçelievler
Emek
Millî Kütüphane
AŞTİ
Intercity Bus Terminal
Konya Motorway
Söğütözü
MTA
ODTÜ
Bilkent
Tarım Bakanlığı/
Danıştay
Beytepe
Ümitköy
Çayyolu
Koru

Ankaray (A1)[edit]

  • Dikimevi
  • Kurtuluş (transfer to: Başkentray (suburban rail))
  • Kolej
  • Kızılay (transfer to: M1, M2)
  • Demirtepe
  • Maltepe
  • Tandoğan
  • Beşevler
  • Bahçelievler
  • Emek
  • AŞTİ
  • Söğütözü (under construction - to open late 2018) (transfer to: M2)

Batıkent Metrosu (M1)[edit]

Koru Metrosu (M2)[edit]

  • Kızılay (transfer to: M1, Ankaray)
  • Necatibey
  • Milli Kütüphane
  • Söğütözü (transfer to: Ankaray)
  • Maden Teknik ve Arama
  • Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi
  • Bilkent
  • Tarım Bakanlığı/Danıştay
  • Beytepe
  • Ümitköy
  • Çayyolu
  • Koru

Törekent Metrosu (M3)[edit]

  • Batıkent (transfer to: M1)
  • Bati Merkez
  • Mesa
  • Botanik
  • Istanbul Yolu
  • Eryaman 1-2
  • Eryaman 5
  • Devlet Mah.
  • Harikalar Diyari
  • Fatih
  • GOP
  • OSB-Törekent

Keçiören Metrosu (M4)[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

The original H6-series variant metro train on the M1 line of the Ankara Metro

Ankaray[edit]

Ankaray vehicles on the Ankaray line are Siemens-Adtranz-Ansaldobreda, S.P.A. (AnsaldoBreda) M1, M2, and M3 trains, which have a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph) (operational speed: 38 km/h (24 mph)),[4] and are equipped with regenerative braking.

The system is served by 11 three-car trainsets.[4] Each traincar is 29-metre (95 ft) long, with 60 seats, and can transport a maximum of 308 passengers;[4] thus each three-car trainset is approximately 90-metre (300 ft) long and can transport 925 passengers per train. The current passenger volume capacity on the Ankaray line is 27,000 passengers per hour per direction (PPHPD).[4]

Ankara Metro[edit]

The original vehicles used on the M1 line are Bombardier Transportation-built modified versions of the sixth-generation H-series trains used on the Toronto subway. The Toronto trains on which they were based on were built in 1986 by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC), a company later purchased by Bombardier. There are a total of 108 of these cars, which are usually configured as 18 six-car trainsets. The car's seats are made of rigid plastic, and are all arranged longitudinally. There are no forward- or rear-facing seats, and no seats at the front or rear of each car.

In 2012, a large order of 324 subway cars from CRRC Zhuzhou was placed to supplement the fleet on line M1 and for use on the newer M2, M3 and M4 lines.[6]

Future Service[edit]

Construction of the following metro lines are under construction or planned:

Line Route Length[5] Stations[5] Status
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray AŞTİ ↔ Söğütözü 0.78 km (0.48 mi) 1 Under Construction
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M4 Atatürk Cultural Center ↔ Kızılay 3.3 km (2.1 mi) 3 Under Construction
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M4 Kuyubaşı ↔ Esenboğa International Airport 25 km (16 mi) 7 Planned
TOTAL: 29.08 km (18.07 mi) 11

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "RAYLI SİSTEM İŞLETMELERİ 2014 YILI TOPLAM YOLCU SAYILARI" [PASSENGER RAIL SYSTEM TOTAL NUMBER OF OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 2014] (pdf) (in Turkish). EGO General Directorate. Retrieved 2016-03-13 – via http://www.ego.gov.tr/tr/sayfa/61/istatistikler. 
  2. ^ a b Barrow, Keith. "Ankara opens metro Line M4". Retrieved 2017-01-05. 
  3. ^ "Ankaray" (in Turkish). Ankaray LRT. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "TEKNİK ÖZELLİKLER" [TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS] (in Turkish). Ankaray LRT. Archived from the original on 2016-03-14. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Ankara Raylı ve Kablolu Sistemler" [Ankara Raylı ve Kablolu Sistemler]. ego.gov.tr (in Turkish). EGO Genel Müdürlüğü. Retrieved 2017-12-31. 
  6. ^ Barrow, Keith. "Ankara opens metro Line M4". Retrieved 2017-12-11. 
  • Ankara metro construction resumes soon in: [1] February 2012

External links[edit]