Ankara Metro

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Ankara Metro
AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Çayyolu Metro 19.JPG
A subway train on the M2 line of the Ankara Metro
Overview
Native name Ankara Metrosu
Locale Ankara, Turkey
Transit type Light rail AnkarayLogo.png
Rapid transit AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Number of lines 4
(1 more under construction)
Number of stations 54
Daily ridership 289,155 (average, 2014)
Annual ridership Ankaray AnkarayLogo.png : 37.1 million (2014)[1]
Metro AnkaraMetroLogo.png : 67.0 million (2014)[1]
Total: 104.1 million (2013)[1]
Website http://www.ego.gov.tr
Operation
Began operation 1996 AnkarayLogo.png / 1997 AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Operator(s) Electricity, Gas, Bus General Directorate (EGO)
Number of vehicles 432 (108 Bombardier, 324 CSR) AnkaraMetroLogo.png
33 (Breda-AEG) AnkarayLogo.png
Technical
System length 65.74 km (40.85 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC Third rail
System map
Ankara rapid transit network (with extensions under construction)

The Ankara Metro (Turkish: Ankara Metrosu) is the rapid transit system serving Ankara, the capital of Turkey. At present, Ankara's rapid transit system consists of four metro lines – the light rail Ankaray line, the Batıkent Metrosu (M1), the Koru Metrosu (M2) and Törekent Metrosu (M3) lines and the new Keçiören Metrosu (M4) line opened in 2017.[2] The Ankaray, the M1, M2 and M3 lines, together transported 104.1 million passengers in 2014,[1] which corresponds to a ridership of approximately 289,155 per day.

The Kızılay to Atatürk Cultural Center link of M4 is not yet opened and remains under construction.[2] Also, an additional line (approx. 30 km long) between Kızılay and Ankara Esenboğa Airport is in the planning stages and would make up the next phase of expansion of the metro.

History[edit]

Ankaray[edit]

The Ankaray (from Turkish: Ankara ray, meaning Ankara rail), a light rail system (Turkish: Hafif Raylı,[3] which literally translates as "Light Rail", though the line does operate as more of a "light metro" line) was the first phase of the modern rapid transit network of the city. The Ankaray was constructed by a consortium headed by Siemens over a period of four years (1992–96). It opened on 20 August 1996. The line runs between AŞTİ (Turkish: Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi – Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) and Dikimevi, covering a distance of 8.53 kilometres (5.30 mi), of which 6.68 kilometres (4.15 mi) is through underground tunnels.[4] The line has 11 stations.[4]

Ankara Metro[edit]

Kızılay subway station

The Ankara Metro has been operating since 29 December 1997, with the opening of its first full metro line, M1, traveling between Kızılay, the city center, and Batıkent.

The M2 line, operating from Kızılay, the city center, to Koru, opened 12 February 2014. The M3 line, which serves almost as an extension of the M1 line, operating from Batıkent to Törekent, opened a month later on 13 March 2014.

Future Service[edit]

Construction of the following metro line is currently underway:

The prime minister announced the opening of the Kızılay-Keçiören (M4) line in 2015.[6]

Another extension of the network to the south is being considered. The TBMMDikmen line would run for 4.8 km and have five new stations.

The expanded Ankara Metro is expected to reach a carrying capacity of 58,000 passengers per hour per direction in the near future.[citation needed]

Operations[edit]

Lines[edit]

The following table lists the four metro lines (including the Ankaray line) currently in service on the Ankara Metro:

Line Route Opened Length[5] Stations[5]
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray Dikimevi ↔ AŞTİ (Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi - Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) 1996 8.53 km (5.30 mi) 11
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M1 KızılayBatıkent 1997 14.66 km (9.11 mi) 12
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M2 KızılayKoru 2014 16.59 km (10.31 mi) 11
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M3 Batıkent ↔ Törekent 2014 15.36 km (9.54 mi) 11
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M4 Atatürk Cultural Center ↔ Gazino 2017 10.6 km (6.6 mi) (+ 1.4 km (0.87 mi) under construction) 9 (+ 2 under construction)
TOTAL: 65.74 km (40.85 mi) 54

Current stations[edit]

Ankara Metro
Turkish State Railways
(TCDD)
Ankara Metro AnkaraMetroLogo.png
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray(Light rail)
 
OSB-Törekent
GOP
Fatih
Harikalar Diyarı
Devlet Mah.
Eryaman 5
O-20 (Otoyol 20)
Eryaman 1-2
İstanbul Yolu
İstanbul Yolu
Botanik
Mesa
Batı Merkez
Batıkent
Ostim
Macunköy Depot
Macunköy
Gazino
Hastane
Dutluk
Demetevler
Kuyubaşı
Yenimahalle
Mecidiye
İvedik
Belediye
Istanbul Motorway
Meteoroloji
Ankara River
Akköprü
Samsun Motorway
Dışkapı
ASKİ
Atatürk Kültür Merkezi
Kayseri, Sivas Up arrow
Dikimevi
Ulus
Mainline rail interchange Kurtuluş
Kolej
Yenişehir Mainline rail interchange
Sıhhiye
Kızılay
BSicon LDER.svg BSicon BAHN.svg Mainline rail interchange
Demirtepe
Ankara Central Station
Maltepe
Eskişehir, Istanbul Down arrow
Anadolu
Beşevler
Necatibey
Bahçelievler
Emek
Millî Kütüphane
(Intercity Bus Terminal)AŞTİ
Konya Motorway
Söğütözü Depot
Söğütözü
MTA
ODTÜ
Bilkent
Tarım Bakanlığı/Danıştay
Beytepe
Ümitköy
Çayyolu
Koru

Ankaray (A1)[edit]

Batıkent Metrosu (M1)[edit]

Koru Metrosu (M2)[edit]

Törekent Metrosu (M3)[edit]

  • Batıkent (transfer to: M1)
  • Bati Merkez
  • Mesa
  • Botanik
  • Istanbul Yolu
  • Eryaman 1-2
  • Eryaman 5
  • Devlet Mah.
  • Harikalar Diyari
  • Fatih
  • GOP
  • OSB-Törekent

Keçiören Metrosu (M4)[edit]

  • Kızılay (transfer to: M1, M2, Ankaray)
  • Adliye
  • TCDD Hızlı Tren Garı
  • Atatürk Kültür Merkezi
  • ASKİ
  • Dışkapı
  • Meteroloji
  • Belediye
  • Mecidiye
  • Kuyubaşı
  • Dutluk
  • Gazino (Şehitler)

Rolling stock[edit]

The original H6-series variant metro train on the M1 line of the Ankara Metro

Ankaray[edit]

Ankaray vehicles on the Ankaray line are Siemens-Adtranz-Ansaldobreda, S.P.A. (AnsaldoBreda) M1, M2, and M3 trains, which have a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph) (operational speed: 38 km/h (24 mph)),[4] and are equipped with regenerative braking.

The system is served by 11 three-car trainsets.[4] Each traincar is 29-metre (95 ft) long, with 60 seats, and can transport a maximum of 308 passengers;[4] thus each three-car trainset is approximately 90-metre (300 ft) long and can transport 925 passengers per train. The current passenger volume capacity on the Ankaray line is 27,000 passengers per hour per direction (PPHPD).[4]

Ankara Metro[edit]

The vehicles used on the M1 line of the Ankara Metro are Bombardier Transportation-built modified versions of the sixth-generation H-series trains (previously used on the Toronto subway), which were originally built by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC), a company later purchased by Bombardier. The system has a total of 108 vehicles, which are usually configured as 18 six-car trainsets. The cars have no forward- or rear-facing seats, and no seats at the front or rear. The car's seats are made of rigid plastic.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "RAYLI SİSTEM İŞLETMELERİ 2014 YILI TOPLAM YOLCU SAYILARI" [PASSENGER RAIL SYSTEM TOTAL NUMBER OF OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 2014] (pdf) (in Turkish). EGO General Directorate. Retrieved 2016-03-13 – via http://www.ego.gov.tr/tr/sayfa/61/istatistikler. 
  2. ^ a b Barrow, Keith. "Ankara opens metro Line M4". Retrieved 2017-01-05. 
  3. ^ "Ankaray" (in Turkish). Ankaray LRT. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "TEKNİK ÖZELLİKLER" [TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS] (in Turkish). Ankaray LRT. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  5. ^ a b c "Our Services > Rail System > Raıl System". EGO General Directorate. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  6. ^ PM Erdoğan attends test drive of overdue Ankara metro line www.hurriyetdailynews.com
  • Ankara metro construction resumes soon in: [1] February 2012

External links[edit]