Ankara railway station

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TCDD railway terminal
Ankara Train Station.JPG
Coordinates 39°56′11″N 32°50′38″E / 39.9364°N 32.8438°E / 39.9364; 32.8438Coordinates: 39°56′11″N 32°50′38″E / 39.9364°N 32.8438°E / 39.9364; 32.8438
Owned by Turkish State Railways
Line(s) Yüksek Hızlı Tren
Fatih Express
Ankara Express
Anatolia Express
Boğaziçi Express
Karesi Express
İzmir Blue Train
Çukurova Blue Train
Eastern Express
Van Lake Express
Southern Express
Platforms 6
Tracks 8
Connections EGO Bus, ANKARAY
Structure type At-grade
Parking Yes
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code 2503
Opened 1892
Rebuilt 1937
Electrified 1972 (25 kV AC)

The Ankara railway station (Turkish: Ankara Garı) is the central train station in Ankara. The station is the busiest in Turkey, serving 181 trains daily.[1] It is a major hub for inbound and outbound trains. There is an Ankara Metro station at its vicinity. The Ankara Central Station is situated at the end of the Istanbul-Ankara rail corridor and is the eastern terminus of the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway. Designed in the Art Deco style, the current terminal building was inaugurated in 1937.


Ottoman Empire period (1892–1922)[edit]

The original builder of the station was the Chemins de Fer Ottomans d'Anatolie (CFOA). The original station was built in 1892 by the CFOA as the eastern terminus of the railway. The original station was a small building with just one platform. The first passenger train was a daily service from Ankara to Istanbul. The station did not see much traffic, like the CFOA Eskişehir-Konya line, because Ankara was not an economically important city at the time. CFOA intended to continue the line east towards Kayseri, but they only built a narrow gauge line to Irmak.[2] When World War I broke out in 1914, the CFOA played a major role in transporting troops and war materials to the fronts in Palestine and Mesopotamia. Therefore, between 1914 and 1918 the Ankara station had no passenger service and very little freight service. The CFOA fell under British military control after the War, but the Turkish Nationalists captured Ankara and parts of the CFOA. During the Turkish Independence War, CFOA transported troops from Ankara, as the newly named capital of Turkey, to the front near Eskişehir.[2]

Turkish Republic period (1922–present)[edit]

View of 19 May Square and the Ankara Railway Station taken in the 1940s

After the Turkish independence war ended, the passenger train services from Istanbul to Ankara resumed. The CFOA, now under Turkish control, finally opened the line to Kayseri and Ankara was no longer the terminus. CFOA was then acquired by the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) on June 1, 1927 and Ankara station was placed under TCDD control.[3] In 1927 the Anatolian Express was inaugurated as a premier overnight train from Istanbul to Ankara operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL).[4] The current Art deco building was built in 1937 by German architects. As TCDD completed rail lines to other cities, new train services from Ankara such as the 9th of September Express (1939) to Izmir, the Eastern Express (1939) to Kars, and the Southern Express (1944) to Diyarbakır and Kurtalan made Ankara station one of the busiest stations in Turkey. In 1972, the station, along with the track between Sincan and Kayaş, were electrified with 25 kV AC catenary for the Ankara Suburban Railway. In 1993 the Istanbul-Ankara line was fully electrified. In the 1990s TCDD opened a steam museum next to the station. In 2009 a high-speed train service operated from Ankara to Eskişehir.

The 2015 Ankara bombings occurred on 10 October 2015 at 10:04 local time (EEST) in Ankara. Two bombs were detonated outside the entrance of the Ankara Central railway station, killing more than 105 and injuring more than 400 people.[5][6] The attack is the deadliest of its kind in Turkey's modern history.[7]


A TCDD HT65000 at the Ankara Central Station
A TCDD HT65000 at the Ankara Central Station
Previous Turkish State Railways Next
Toward Istanbul
Yüksek Hızlı Tren
Toward Konya
Toward İzmir
İzmir Blue Train
Toward Polatlı
Ankara-Polatlı Regional
Van Lake Express
Toward Tatvan
Eastern Express
Toward Kars
Southern Express
Toward Kurtalan
Trans-Asia Express
Toward Tehran
Central Anatolian Blue Train
Toward Konya
Çukurova Express
Toward Adana
4th of September Blue Train
Toward Malatya
Ankara-Kırıkkale Regional
Toward Kırıkkale
Toward Sincan
Sincan-Kayaş Commuter Line
Toward Kayaş


Ankara High Speed Train Station Construction Site

The station has 6 long platforms: 4 for long distance trains and 2 for commuter trains.

A new station is currently under construction in Ankara; it will serve the new high-speed lines that are being built in Turkey.[8]

One of Turkey's top 50 civil engineering projects[edit]

Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Ankara Central Station as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects realized in the first 50 years of the chamber.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ TCDD Timetables - TCDD Ankara Timetables
  2. ^ a b CFOA History - Trains of Turkey CFOA History
  3. ^ TCDD History -Trains of Turkey TCDD History
  4. ^ The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Steam & Rail - By Colin Garratt and Max Wade-Matthews, page 397
  5. ^ Melvin, Don. "At least 105 killed in twin bombings near train station in Turkey's capital". CNN. 
  6. ^ "Ölü Sayısı 105'e Yükseldi" (in Turkish). TTB. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "BBC: Ankara explosions leave more than 80 dead – officials". BBC News. October 10, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2015. 
  8. ^ Privatizations & Upcoming PPP-Projects in Turkey Page 28
  9. ^ The list (Turkish)

External links[edit]