Ankara railway station
|TCDD railway terminal|
Ankara railway station
|Owned by||Turkish State Railways|
İzmir Blue Train
Çukurova Blue Train
Van Lake Express
Trans Asia Express
Sincan-Kayaş Commuter Line
|Connections||EGO Bus, ANKARAY|
|Electrified||1972 (25 kV AC)|
Ankara railway station (Turkish: Ankara Garı) is the main railway station in Ankara, Turkey. The station is located in Ulus across from the Gençlik Parkı public park and near the second Turkish Grand National Assembly building. Before 2009, the station was the busiest in Turkey in terms of passenger rail, seeing 181 trains daily. The station is the eastern terminus of the Istanbul-Ankara railway corridor as well as the current eastern terminus of the Yüksek Hızlı Tren high-speed rail service. Due to the rehabilitation of the railway in Ankara under the Başkentray project, commuter rail as well as eastbound trains have been temporarily suspended from servicing Ankara station.
The Art Deco station building was built in 1937 to accommodate the increase of railway traffic and has become a landmark of the city. On 29 October 2016 a second railway station, dedicated to high-speed rail, opened on former grounds of Ankara station. The new station, known as Ankara Tren Garı will host all high-speed trains while all other trains will continue to operate out of the Ankara railway station.
Ottoman Empire period (1892–1922)
The original builder and war materials to the fronts in Palestine and Mesopotamia. Therefore, between 1914 and 1918 the Ankara station had no passenger service and very little freight service. The CFOA fell under British military control after the War, but the Turkish Nationalists captured Ankara and parts of the CFOA. During the Turkish Independence War, CFOA transported troops from Ankara, as the newly named capital of Turkey, to the front near Eskişehir.
Turkish Republic period (1922–present)
After the Turkish independence war ended, the passenger train services from Istanbul to Ankara resumed. The CFOA, now under Turkish control, finally opened the line to Kayseri and Ankara was no longer the terminus. CFOA was then acquired by the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) on June 1, 1927 and Ankara station was placed under TCDD control. In 1927 the Anatolian Express was inaugurated as a premier overnight train from Istanbul to Ankara operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL). The current Art deco building was built in 1937 by German architects. As TCDD completed rail lines to other cities, new train services from Ankara such as the 9th of September Express (1939) to Izmir, the Eastern Express (1939) to Kars, and the Southern Express (1944) to Diyarbakır and Kurtalan made Ankara station one of the busiest stations in Turkey. In 1972, the station, along with the track between Sincan and Kayaş, were electrified with 25 kV AC catenary for the Ankara Suburban Railway. In 1993 the Istanbul-Ankara line was fully electrified. In the 1990s TCDD opened a steam museum next to the station. In 2009 a high-speed train service operated from Ankara to Eskişehir.
The 2015 Ankara bombings occurred on 10 October 2015 at 10:04 local time (EEST) in Ankara. Two bombs were detonated outside the entrance of the Ankara Central railway station, killing more than 105 and injuring more than 400 people. The attack is the deadliest of its kind in Turkey's modern history.
The station has 6 long platforms: 4 for long distance trains and 2 for commuter trains.
A new station for high speed trains was open on 29 October 2016. The new station is capable of providing services to 50,000 passengers daily. The building also have 134 hotel rooms and over 200 rentable areas for restaurants, coffee shops, entertainment venues, stores, and offices. There is the car park with a capacity of more than 900 vehicles.
One of Turkey's top 50 civil engineering projects
Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Ankara Central Station as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects realized in the first 50 years of the chamber.
- TCDD Timetables Archived 2010-08-09 at the Wayback Machine. - TCDD Ankara Timetables
- CFOA History - Trains of Turkey CFOA History
- TCDD History -Trains of Turkey TCDD History
- The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Steam & Rail - By Colin Garratt and Max Wade-Matthews, page 397
- Melvin, Don. "At least 105 killed in twin bombings near train station in Turkey's capital". cnn.com. CNN.
- "Ölü Sayısı 105'e Yükseldi" (in Turkish). TTB. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- "BBC: Ankara explosions leave more than 80 dead – officials". BBC News. October 10, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
- "Ankara gets new main station for high speed trains", www.hurriyetdailynews.com
- The list (in Turkish) Archived 2013-10-31 at the Wayback Machine.
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