Ankylosaurinae

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Ankylosaurines
Temporal range: Cretaceous, 105–66 Ma
Tarchia kielanae 2.JPG
Skull of Tarchia teresae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Ornithischia
Family: Ankylosauridae
Subfamily: Ankylosaurinae
Brown, 1908[1]
Genera[1]

Ankylosaurinae is a subfamily of ankylosaurid dinosaurs, existing from the Early Cretaceous about 105 million years ago until the end of the Late Cretaceous, about 66 mya. Many genera are included in the clade, such as Ankylosaurus, Pinacosaurus, Euoplocephalus, and Saichania.

Features[edit]

Ankylosaurines are defined as being closer relatives to Ankylosaurus than to Shamosaurus.[2]

Diagnostic features of ankylosaurines include the nuchal shelf that obscures the occiput in dorsal view, and the quadrate condyle which is obscured lightly by the quadratojugal boss.[2]

Phylogeny[edit]

The following cladogram is based on the 50% majority rule phylogenetic analysis of Arbour & Currie (2015):[1]

Ankylosaurinae

Crichtonsaurus (nomen dubium)




Tsagantegia



Zhejiangosaurus (nomen dubium)



Pinacosaurus





Saichania




Tarchia



Zaraapelta




Ankylosaurini

Dyoplosaurus





Talarurus



Nodocephalosaurus






Ankylosaurus



Anodontosaurus




Euoplocephalus




Scolosaurus



Ziapelta









References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Arbour, Victoria M.; Currie, Philip J. (2015). "Systematics, phylogeny and palaeobiogeography of the ankylosaurid dinosaurs". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 14 (5): 1. doi:10.1080/14772019.2015.1059985. 
  2. ^ a b Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; Osmólska, Halszka (2004). The Dinosauria. Berkeley, CA and Los Angeles, CA and London, England: University of California Press. pp. 389, 861. ISBN 0-520-24209-2. Retrieved April 9, 2010.