Anlong Veng District
Anlong Veng District (Khmer: ស្រុកអន្លង់វែង) is a district in Oddar Meanchey province in Cambodia. The main town in the district is also called Anlong Veng. The population of the district could not be counted during the 1998 census of Cambodia due to ongoing conflict during the time of the census. It is estimated that 35% of the population in Anlong Veng were former Khmer Rouge soldiers.
Anlong Veng is in the area of the Dângrêk Mountains, in the far north of Cambodia. It is located 125 km north of Siem Reap and close to the international border crossing with Thailand. There is a dam just north of the town.
After the end of the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia and the withdrawal of the Vietnamese army, the Khmer Rouge rebuilt their former bases in the Dangrek mountain range area, along the border of Cambodia. Anlong Veng became for a while the main "capital" of the Khmer Rouge. In the 1990s the Khmer Rouge still controlled Anlong Veng, where there was one of the first "Killing Fields" after the fall of "Democratic Kampuchea".
There is a still not excavated site in a forest with landmines in the Dângrêk Mountains, located about 6 km out of Anlong Veng where 3,000 people were allegedly killed by the Khmer Rouge for having become "corrupted" as late as between 1993 and 1997. These executions were carried out during Ta Mok's leadership in the area.
The following table shows the villages of Anlong Veng district by commune.
|Khum (Communes)||Phum (Villages)|
|Anlong Veaeng||Kaoh Thmei, Ou Chenhchien, Prolean, Yeang Khang Tbong, Thnal Kandal Kraom, Thnal Kandal Leu, Thnal Totueng, Thnal Bambaek, Thnal Kaeng, Akphivoad, Rumchek, Yeang Khang Chheung, Thnal Thmey, Rumchek Khang Kert, Ou Ta Meng, Rumchek Khang Lech|
|Trapeang Tav||Trapeang Tav, Ta Dev, Ou Angrae, Slaeng Por, Tuol Prasat, Tuol Svay, Thmei, Tumnob, Ou SrorMor, Tuol Svay Saen Chey|
|Trapeang Prei||Tuol Kandal, Tuol Sala, Aekakpheap, Boeng, Cheung Phnum, Khleang Kandal, Prasat, Santepheap, Srah Chhuk, Tuol Tbaeng, Tumnob Leu, Tuek Chob, Tuek Chum|
|Thlat||Chheu Teal Chrum, Ou Run, Svay Chek, Thlat, Tuol Kruos, Tuol Kralanh, Tuol Prich, Thmei|
|Lumtong||Lumtong, Treas, Ou Kokir Kandal, Ou Kokir Kraom, Ou Kokir Leu, Lumtong Thmei, Sror LaoSroang, Trapaeng Thom, Chub Ta Mok, Kork Samphor, Char|
Prime-minister Hun Sen's Historical Restoration Initiative circular (Dec 2001) called for the site at Anlong Veng to become a memorial and tourist site in time for the Visit Cambodia year in 2003. The town is seen by the government as a useful stopping point for tours from Siem Riep to the 11th-century temples at Preah Vihear. The site has had minor tourist developments including museums, hotels and a casino.
- "Two Decades On, Cambodia's Revolutionary Capital Embraces Capitalism and Karaoke". Voice of America. 21 November 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
- "General Population Census of Cambodia 1998, Final Census Results" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Cambodia. August 2002. Retrieved 2010-11-25. See page 271.
- "Kelvin Rowley, Second Life, Second Death: The Khmer Rouge After 1978" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-02-16. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Anlong Veng.|
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- Government circular on preserving KR sites