Dorothy Walton Gatley
August 7, 1902
San Antonio, Texas, U.S.
|Died||September 1, 1981 (aged 79)|
Los Angeles, California
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills)|
(m. 1926; div. 1932)
(m. 1937; div. 1962)
Ann Harding (born Dorothy Walton Gatley; August 7, 1902 – September 1, 1981) was an American theatre, motion picture, radio, and television actress. A regular player on Broadway and in regional theater in the 1920s, in the 1930s Harding was one of the first actresses to gain fame in the new medium of "talking pictures," and she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1931 for her work in Holiday.
Harding was born Dorothy Walton Gatley and was the daughter of a prominent United States Army officer. She was raised primarily in East Orange, New Jersey and graduated from East Orange High School. Having gained her initial acting experience in school drama classes, she decided on a career as an actress and moved to New York City. Because her father opposed her career choice, she used the stage name Ann Harding.
After initial work as a script reader, Harding began to win roles on Broadway and in regional theaters, primarily in Pennsylvania. She moved to California to begin working in movies, which were just then beginning to include sound.
Her work in plays had given her notable diction and stage presence, and she became a leading lady. By the late 1930s, she was becoming stereotyped as the beautiful, innocent, self-sacrificing woman, and film work became harder for her to obtain. After marrying conductor Werner Janssen in 1937, she worked only sporadically, with three notable roles coming in Eyes in the Night (1942), It Happened on Fifth Avenue (1947) and The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1956).
She worked occasionally in television between 1955 and 1965, and she appeared in two plays in the early 1960s, returning to the stage after an absence of over 30 years, including the lead in The Corn is Green in 1964 at the Studio Theater in Buffalo, New York.
Harding was born Dorothy Walton Gatley at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio, Texas to George G. Gatley, a career army officer, and Elizabeth "Bessie" Walton (Crabb) Gatley. After travelling often during her early life because of her father's career, she grew up in East Orange, New Jersey, graduated from East Orange High School, and attended Bryn Mawr College. Her father "violently opposed her profession," so Harding changed her name when she began her acting career.
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Harding's initial employment in the entertainment industry was as a script reader. She began acting and made her Broadway debut in Like a King in 1921. Three years later she found her "home theater" in Rose Valley, Pennsylvania, after being directed by Hedgerow Theatre founder Jasper Deeter in The Master Builder. Over the years she returned to Hedgerow to reprise several of her roles. She soon became a leading lady; like other leading actresses of the day, she kept in shape by using the services of Sylvia of Hollywood. She was a prominent actress in Pittsburgh theatre for a time, performing with the Sharp Company and later starting the Nixon Players with Harry Bannister. In 1929, she made her film debut in Paris Bound, opposite Fredric March. In 1931, she purchased the Hedgerow Theatre building from Deeter for $5,000 and donated it to the company.
First under contract to Pathé, which was subsequently absorbed by RKO Pictures, Harding was promoted as the studio's 'answer' to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's superstar Norma Shearer. She co-starred with Ronald Colman, Laurence Olivier, Myrna Loy, Herbert Marshall, Leslie Howard, Richard Dix, and Gary Cooper, and was often on loan to other studios, such as MGM and Paramount. At RKO, Harding, along with Helen Twelvetrees and Constance Bennett, comprised a trio who specialized in the "women's pictures" genre.
Harding's performances were often heralded by the critics, who cited her diction and stage experience as assets to the then-new medium of "talking pictures." Harding's second film was Her Private Affair, in which she portrayed a wife of questionable morality. The film was an enormous commercial success. During this period, she was generally considered to be one of cinema's most beautiful actresses, with her waist-length blonde hair being one of her most noted physical attributes. Films during her peak include The Animal Kingdom, Peter Ibbetson, When Ladies Meet, The Flame Within, and Biography of a Bachelor Girl. Harding, however, eventually became stereotyped as the innocent, self-sacrificing young woman. Following lukewarm responses by both critics and the public to several of her later 1930s films, she eventually stopped making movies after she married the conductor Werner Janssen in 1937. She returned to the big screen in 1942 to make Eyes in the Night and to take secondary roles in other films. She played "Mary," the estranged wife of Charlie Ruggles, in the Christmas film It Happened on Fifth Avenue in 1947. In 1956, she again starred with Fredric March, this time in The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit.
The 1960s marked Harding's return to Broadway after an absence of decades—having last appeared in 1927. In 1962, she starred in General Seeger, directed by and co-starring George C. Scott, and in 1964 she appeared in Abraham Cochrane ("her last New York stage appearance"). Both productions had brief runs, with the former play lasting a mere three performances (including previews). Harding made her final acting performance in 1965 in an episode of television's Ben Casey before retiring.
Harding was married twice, her husbands being:
- Harry Bannister, an actor. They married in 1926 and divorced in 1932 in Reno, Nevada. A New York Times article (May 8, 1932) about the divorce stated that the actress still loved her husband and only agreed to a divorce to help Bannister's stymied career. "The proceedings were among the most unusual in the history of Nevada's liberal divorce laws," the newspaper reported. "Only through dissolution of their marriage could he escape, they said, from being overshadowed by Miss Harding's rise to stardom." The divorce also resulted in what was described as "a bitter court fight ... over custody of their daughter", Jane Harding (1928-2005, Mrs. Alfred P. Otto). According to an interview with Harding's biographer, Scott O'Brien, Jane Harding said, "I had a terrible childhood. I hated my nurse. I never saw Mother. She was always busy."
- Werner Janssen, the conductor. Harding and Janssen married in 1937 and divorced in 1963, with Harding claiming that her husband had controlled her throughout their marriage, keeping her from her friends and isolating her from the world. By this marriage, Harding had two stepchildren, Alice and Werner Jr.
Among Harding's romances was the novelist and screenwriter Gene Fowler. In the early 1960s, Harding began living with Grace Kaye, an adult companion, later known as Grace Kaye Harding. Ann Harding referred to Kaye as her daughter.
On September 1, 1981, Harding died at the age of 79 in Sherman Oaks, California. After cremation, her urn was placed in the Court of Remembrance wall at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Hollywood Hills, California.
She was survived by a daughter and four grandchildren.
Harding was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for Holiday in 1931. For her contributions to the motion picture and television industries, Harding has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame — one in the Motion Pictures section 6201 Hollywood Boulevard and one in the Television section at 6850 Hollywood Boulevard.
Broadway stage credits
|October 3, 1921 – Oct 1921||Like a King||Phyllis Weston|
|October 1, 1923 – May 1924||Tarnish||Letitia Tevis|
|September 8, 1924 – September 1924||Thoroughbreds||Sue|
|October 7, 1925 – December 1925||Stolen Fruit||Marie Millais|
|March 23, 1926 – April 1926||Schweiger||Anna Schweiger|
|September 28, 1926 – March 1927||The Woman Disputed||Marie-Ange|
|September 19, 1927 – October 1927||The Trial of Mary Dugan||Mary Dugan|
|February 28, 1962 – March 1, 1962||General Seeger||Rena Seeger|
|February 17, 1964 – February 17, 1964||Abraham Cochrane||Myra Holliday|
|1929||Paris Bound||Mary Hutton|
|Her Private Affair||Vera Kessler||Co-starred Harry Bannister|
|Condemned||Madame Vidal||US reissue title: Condemned to Devil's Island, Co-starred Ronald Colman|
|1930||Holiday||Linda Seton||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress|
|The Girl of the Golden West||Minnie|
|1931||East Lynne||Lady Isabella||The film was nominated for a Best Picture Oscar|
|Devotion||Shirley Mortimer||co-star Leslie Howard|
|1932||Prestige||Therese Du Flos Verlaine|
|Westward Passage||Olivia Van Tyne Allen Ottendorf||Co-starred Laurence Olivier|
|The Conquerors||Caroline Ogden Standish||US reissue title: Pioneer Builders|
|The Animal Kingdom||Daisy Sage||UK Title: The Woman in His House, Co-starred Leslie Howard|
|1933||When Ladies Meet||Claire Woodruff||Co-starred Myrna Loy|
|Double Harness||Joan Colby||Co-starred William Powell|
|The Right to Romance||Dr. Margaret "Peggy" Simmons||Co-starred Robert Young|
|1934||Gallant Lady||Sally Wyndham|
|The Life of Vergie Winters||Vergie Winters aka Virginia Wood|
|The Fountain||Julie von Marwitz|
|The Hollywood Gad About||Herself||Short subject|
|1935||Biography of a Bachelor Girl||Marion Forsythe|
|Enchanted April||Mrs. Lotty Wilkins|
|The Flame Within||Doctor Mary White|
|Peter Ibbetson||Mary, Duchess of Towers||Co-starred Gary Cooper|
|1936||The Lady Consents||Anne Talbot|
|The Witness Chair||Paula Young|
|1937||Love from a Stranger||Carol Howard||US title: A Night of Terror, Co-starred Basil Rathbone|
|1942||Eyes in the Night||Norma Lawry||Starred Edward Arnold|
|1943||Mission to Moscow||Mrs. Marjorie Davies|
|The North Star||Sophia Pavlova||US recut version: Armored Attack|
|1944||Nine Girls||Gracie Thornton|
|1945||Those Endearing Young Charms||Mrs. Brandt (Captain)|
|1946||Janie Gets Married||Lucille Conway|
|1947||It Happened on 5th Avenue||Mary O'Connor|
|Christmas Eve||Aunt Matilda Reed||US reissue title: Sinner's Holiday|
|1950||The Magnificent Yankee||Fanny Bowditch Holmes||Co-starred Louis Calhern|
|Two Weeks with Love||Katherine Robinson|
|1951||The Unknown Man||Stella Mason||US title: The Bradley Mason Story|
|1956||The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit||Helen Hopkins||Starred Gregory Peck and Jennifer Jones|
|I've Lived Before||Mrs. Jane Stone|
|Strange Intruder||Mary Carmichael|
|1955||Crossroads||Hulda Lund||1 episode|
|Studio 57||Martha Halstead||1 episode|
|1956||Front Row Center||Grammie||1 episode|
|1959||The DuPont Show with June Allyson||Naomi||1 episode, "Ruth and Naomi"|
|1961||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Sarah Hale||Episode 07x12: ″A Jury of Her Peers″|
|1963||The Defenders||Helen Bernard||1 episode|
|Burke's Law||Annabelle Rogers||1 episode|
|1964||Dr. Kildare||Mae Priest||1 episode|
|1965||Ben Casey||Edith Sommers||1 episode|
- Aaker, Everett (2013). George Raft: The Films. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-7864-6646-7 – via Google Books.
- Percy, Eileen. "Durante Will Be Made an M. G. M. Star; 'Schnozzle; Has Set Record for Saving Pictures.", The Milwaukee Sentinel, October 26, 1932. "Ann Harding began hers 15 years ago in a dramatic class at East Orange High School."
- "Like a King cast". Playbill Vault. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- "They Done Her Wrong". Oakland Tribune. California, Oakland. February 10, 1935. p. 55. Retrieved July 12, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Hollywood Undressed: Observations of Sylvia As Noted by Her Secretary (1931) Brentano’s.
- Conner, Lynne (2007). Pittsburgh In Stages: Two Hundred Years of Theater. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 105–106. ISBN 978-0-8229-4330-3. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Monush, Barry (2003). Screen World Presents the Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors: From the silent era to 1965. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 308–309. ISBN 9781557835512. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
- Carman, Emily (2015). Independent Stardom: Freelance Women in the Hollywood Studio System. University of Texas Press. ISBN 9781477307335. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
- Lawson, Carol (September 4, 1981). "Ann Harding, Actress Hailed for Roles as Elegant Women". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 23, 2017. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
- "Streamline | the Official Filmstruck Blog – Ann Harding: A Q & A with Biographer Scott O'Brien". Archived from the original on February 12, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- Lawson, Carol (September 4, 1981). "Ann Harding, Actress Hailed for Roles as Elegant Women". The New York Times.
- O'Brien, Scott. Ann Harding: Cinema's Gallant Lady, p. 465 (Bear Manor, 2010).
- O'Brien, Scott. Ann Harding: Cinema's Gallant Lady, pp. 499-510 (Bear Manor, 2010)
- "("Ann Harding" search results)". Academy Awards Database. Retrieved September 23, 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "Ann Harding". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Archived from the original on September 23, 2017. Retrieved September 23, 2017.