Ann Harding, 1930
|Born||Dorothy Walton Gatley
August 7, 1902
San Antonio, Texas, U.S.
|Died||September 1, 1981
Sherman Oaks, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Harry Bannister (1926–1932) 1 child
Werner Janssen (1937–1962) 1 child
|Children||Jane Bannister (1928-2005)
Grace Kaye Janssen
Born Dorothy Walton Gatley at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio, Texas, to George G. Gatley and Elizabeth "Bessie" Crabb. The daughter of a career army officer, she traveled often during her early life. Her father was born in Maine and served in the American Expeditionary Force in World War I. He died in San Francisco, California in 1931. She grew up in East Orange, New Jersey and graduated from East Orange High School. Harding attended Bryn Mawr College in Bryn Mawr, PA, on the Pennsylvania Main Line outside Philadelphia.
Following school, she found employment as a script reader. She began acting and made her Broadway debut in Like a King in 1921. In 1924, Harding found her "home theater" in Rose Valley, Pennsylvania, when she was directed by Hedgerow Theatre founder Jasper Deeter in The Master Builder. Over the years she returned to Hedgerow to reprise several of her roles. She soon became a leading lady, who kept in shape by using the services of Sylvia of Hollywood. She was a prominent actress in Pittsburgh theatre for a time, performing with the Sharp Company and later starting the Nixon Players with Harry Bannister. In 1929, she made her film debut in Paris Bound, opposite Fredric March. In 1931, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for Holiday. Also in 1931, Harding purchases the Hedgerow Theatre building for Deeter for $5,000 and donated it to the company.
First under contract to Pathé, which was subsequently absorbed by RKO studio, Harding (who was promoted as the studio's 'answer' to MGM's superstar Norma Shearer), co-starred with Ronald Colman, Laurence Olivier, Myrna Loy, Herbert Marshall, Leslie Howard, Richard Dix, and Gary Cooper, often on loan out to other studios, such as MGM and Paramount. At RKO, Harding, along with Helen Twelvetrees and Constance Bennett, comprised a trio who specialized in the "women's pictures" genre.
Her performances were often heralded by the critics, who cited her diction and stage experience as assets to the then-new medium of "talking pictures". Harding's second film was Her Private Affair, in which she portrayed a wife of questionable morality. The film was an enormous commercial success. During this period, she was generally considered to be one of cinema's most beautiful women, with her waist-length blonde hair as one of her most noted physical attributes. Her films during her peak include The Animal Kingdom, Peter Ibbetson, When Ladies Meet, The Flame Within, and Biography of a Bachelor Girl. Harding, however, eventually became stereotyped as the innocent, self-sacrificing young woman. Following lukewarm responses by both her critics and the public to several of her later 1930s films, she eventually quit making movies when she married the conductor Werner Janssen in 1937. However, she returned in 1942 to make Eyes in the Night and to take secondary roles in other movies. In 1956, she again starred with Fredric March, this time in The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit.
The 1960s marked her return to Broadway after an absence of decades — she had last appeared there in 1927. In 1962, she starred in General Seeger, directed by and co-starring George C. Scott, and in 1964 she appeared in Abraham Cochrane. Both productions had brief runs, with the former play lasting a mere three performances (including previews). Harding made her last acting appearance in 1965 in an episode of Ben Casey before retiring from acting.
Harding married actor Harry Bannister in 1926. They had one child together before divorcing in 1932. Their daughter Jane was born in 1928 and died in December 2005. In 1937, Harding married Werner Janssen, the famous conductor. Janssen and Harding enjoyed life in a number of cities, before settling down in California to work more closely with Hollywood. The couple divorced in 1962. Her death certificate states that she had an adoptive daughter Grace Kaye Harding.
On September 1, 1981, Harding died at the age of 79 in Sherman Oaks, California. After cremation, her urn was placed in the Court of Remembrance wall at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Hollywood Hills, California.
Broadway stage credits
|October 3, 1921 – Oct 1921||Like a King||Phyllis Weston|
|October 1, 1923 – May 1924||Tarnish||Letitia Tevis|
|September 8, 1924 – September 1924||Thoroughbreds||Sue|
|October 7, 1925 – December 1925||Stolen Fruit||Marie Millais|
|March 23, 1926 – April 1926||Schweiger||Anna Schweiger|
|September 28, 1926 – March 1927||The Woman Disputed||Marie-Ange|
|September 19, 1927 – October 1927||The Trial of Mary Dugan||Mary Dugan|
|February 28, 1962 – March 1, 1962||General Seeger||Rena Seeger|
|February 17, 1964 – February 17, 1964||Abraham Cochrane||Myra Holliday|
|1929||Paris Bound||Mary Hutton|
|Her Private Affair||Vera Kessler||Co-starred Harry Bannister|
|Condemned||Madame Vidal||US reissue title: Condemned to Devil's Island, Co-starred Ronald Colman|
|1930||Holiday||Linda Seton||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress|
|The Girl of the Golden West||Minnie|
|1931||East Lynne||Lady Isabella||The film was nominated for a Best Picture Oscar|
|1932||Prestige||Therese Du Flos Verlaine|
|Westward Passage||Olivia Van Tyne Allen Ottendorf||Co-starred Laurence Olivier|
|The Conquerors||Caroline Ogden Standish||US reissue title: Pioneer Builders|
|The Animal Kingdom||Daisy Sage||UK Title: The Woman in His House, Co-starred Leslie Howard|
|1933||When Ladies Meet||Claire Woodruff||Co-starred Myrna Loy|
|Double Harness||Joan Colby||Co-starred William Powell|
|The Right to Romance||Dr. Margaret "Peggy" Simmons||Co-starred Robert Young|
|1934||Gallant Lady||Sally Wyndham|
|The Life of Vergie Winters||Vergie Winters aka Virginia Wood|
|The Fountain||Julie von Marwitz|
|The Hollywood Gad About||Herself||Short subject|
|1935||Biography of a Bachelor Girl||Marion Forsythe|
|Enchanted April||Mrs. Lotty Wilkins|
|The Flame Within||Doctor Mary White|
|Peter Ibbetson||Mary, Duchess of Towers||Co-starred Gary Cooper|
|1936||The Lady Consents||Anne Talbot|
|The Witness Chair||Paula Young|
|1937||Love from a Stranger||Carol Howard||US title: A Night of Terror, Co-starred Basil Rathbone|
|1942||Eyes in the Night||Norma Lawry||Starred Edward Arnold|
|1943||Mission to Moscow||Mrs. Marjorie Davies|
|The North Star||Sophia Pavlova||US recut version: Armored Attack|
|1944||Nine Girls||Gracie Thornton|
|1945||Those Endearing Young Charms||Mrs. Brandt (Captain)|
|1946||Janie Gets Married||Lucille Conway|
|1947||It Happened on 5th Avenue||Mary O'Connor|
|Christmas Eve||Aunt Matilda Reed||US reissue title: Sinner's Holiday|
|1950||The Magnificent Yankee||Fanny Bowditch Holmes||Co-starred Louis Calhern|
|Two Weeks with Love||Katherine Robinson|
|1951||The Unknown Man||Stella Mason||US title: The Bradley Mason Story|
|1956||The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit||Helen Hopkins||Starred Gregory Peck and Jennifer Jones|
|I've Lived Before||Mrs. Jane Stone|
|Strange Intruder||Mary Carmichael|
|1955||Crossroads||Hulda Lund||1 episode|
|Studio 57||Martha Halstead||1 episode|
|1956||Front Row Center||Grammie||1 episode|
|1959||The DuPont Show with June Allyson||Naomi||1 episode, "Ruth and Naomi"|
|1961||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Sarah Hale||Episode 07x12: ″A Jury of Her Peers″|
|1963||The Defenders||Helen Bernard||1 episode|
|Burke's Law||Annabelle Rogers||1 episode|
|1964||Dr. Kildare||Mae Priest||1 episode|
|1965||Ben Casey||Edith Sommers||1 episode|
- Ann Harding – Cinema's Gallant Lady (Biography By Scott O'Brien)
- Percy, Eileen. "Durante Will Be Made an M. G. M. Star; 'Schnozzle; Has Ste Record for Saving Pictures.", The Milwaukee Sentinel, October 26, 1932. "Ann Harding began hers 15 years ago in a dramatic class at East Orange High school."
- "Like a King cast". Playbill Vault. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
- "They Done Her Wrong". Oakland Tribune. California,Oakland. February 10, 1935. p. 55. Retrieved July 12, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- Hollywood Undressed: Observations of Sylvia As Noted by Her Secretary (1931) Brentano’s.
- Conner, Lynne (2007). Pittsburgh In Stages: Two Hundred Years of Theater. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 105–106. ISBN 978-0-8229-4330-3. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
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