Ann Shulgin

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Ann Shulgin
Shulgin ann 2011 hanna jon.jpg
BornLaura Ann Gotlieb
(1931-03-22) 22 March 1931 (age 90)
Wellington, New Zealand
SpouseAlexander Shulgin (d. 2014)
ChildrenWendy Perry

Ann Shulgin (born 22 March 1931) is an American author and the widow of chemist Alexander Shulgin, with whom she wrote PiHKAL and TiHKAL.[1]

Life and career[edit]

Laura Ann Gotlieb[2] was born in Wellington, New Zealand to her parents Bernard Gotlieb and Gwen Ormiston, and grew up in the village Opicina outside the Italian city Trieste; her father was U.S. Consul in these places, in Trieste for six years before World War II.[3][4][2] Later in her childhood she lived in the US, Cuba, and Canada. She studied art and became an artist, married an artist and had a child, and they later divorced. She had two more marriages ending in divorce and had three more children. Ann went back to work as a medical transcriber, and met Alexander ("Sasha") Shulgin in 1978; they were married on 4 July 1981 in their back yard.[2]

She worked as a lay therapist with psychedelic substances such as MDMA and 2C-B in therapeutic settings while these drugs were still legal. In her writings she stresses the potential of these drugs from a Jungian psychoanalytic perspective, as well as their use in combination with hypnotherapy. She often appears as a speaker at conventions, and has continued to advocate the use of psychedelics in therapeutic contexts.

Together with her husband she has authored the books PiHKAL and TiHKAL. They developed a systematic way of ranking the effects of the various drugs, known as the Shulgin Rating Scale, with a vocabulary to describe the visual, auditory and physical sensations. She also contributed to the books Thanatos to Eros: 35 Years of Psychedelic Exploration, Entheogens and the Future of Religion, Ecstasy: The Complete Guide, The Secret Chief Revealed, Higher Wisdom: Eminent Elders Explore the Continuing Impact of Psychedelics, and Manifesting Minds: A Review of Psychedelics in Science, Medicine, Sex, and Spirituality.


  • "Tribute to Jacob". In The Secret Chief: Conversations With a Pioneer of the Underground Psychedelic Therapy Movement by Myron J. Stolaroff, Charlotte, NC: Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, 1997. ISBN 0-9660019-1-5
  • with Alexander Shulgin. "A New Vocabulary". In Robert Forte (ed.), Entheogens and the Future of Religion, Berkeley: Council on Spiritual Practices, 1997. ISBN 1-889725-01-3
  • with Alexander Shulgin. TiHKAL: The Continuation. Berkeley: Transform Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9630096-9-9
  • with Alexander Shulgin. PiHKAL: A Chemical Love Story. Berkeley: Transform Press, 1991. ISBN 0-9630096-0-5


  1. ^ "Drugs added to banned lists". BBC Online. 12 August 1998. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b c "Ann Shulgin". Retrieved 11 May 2016. Detailed biography of Ann Shulgin
  3. ^ Shulgin, Ann. "Erowid Character Vaults: Ann Shulgin Extended Biography". Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  4. ^

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