4 February 1937|
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
25 November 2010 (aged 73)|
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Ann Southam, CM (4 February 1937 – 25 November 2010) was a Canadian electronic and classical music composer and music teacher. She is famous for her minimalist, iterative, and lyrical style, for her long-term collaborations with dance choreographers and performers, for her large body of work, and for "blazing a trail for women composers in a notoriously sexist field."
Southam was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba. She is the great-great-granddaughter of newspaper baron William Southam, and benefited from the inherited wealth of the family business. At the age of three, her family moved to Toronto, where Southam lived for the rest of her life.
Southam attended the private Bishop Strachan School for girls in Toronto, and dropped out after a year of Shaw's Business School for secretarial studies. Throughout this time she developed a hobby interest in music. She began composing at age 15 (in 1952) after attending a summer music camp at the Banff School (now known as The Banff Centre).
After dropping out of secretarial school, she studied piano and composition with Samuel Dolin at the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto, who introduced her to "tape music." She studied piano with Pierre Souvairan and electronic music with Gustav Ciamaga at the University of Toronto from 1960 to 1963. In 1966, she began teaching electroacoustic composition at the Royal Conservatory of Music.
In 1966 she was introduced to Patricia Beatty, a Canadian choreographer who had just returned from studying modern dance in New York. Shortly afterward, Southam began working on a new score for Beatty's adaptation of Macbeth and the two became friends. With this relationship as the catalyst, she began a collaboration with the New Dance Group of Canada (later known as Toronto Dance Theatre) in 1967, where she became composer-in-residence in 1968. Over her life she composed around 30 pieces for the group, as well as quietly supplying financial donations to keep the group afloat.
In the 1970s, when Southam was in her thirties, she came out as gay to her mother.
Southam has been described as having "composed with exacting technique, intent on coaxing warmth out of her machines and bringing electronic music into new spaces."
Southam's passion for electronic music began in the 1960s, and she built a home studio with synthesizers, tape recorders, a mixer and a what she called a "minimum of sound equipment," including Electronic Music Studios synthesizers such as the AKS.
In the 1970s, Southam purchased a house and installed a grand piano, beginning to compose purely acoustic pieces for the first time: first Rivers and then Glass Houses. She asked Christina Petrowska-Quilico to record her performances of the pieces, as a means of preserving them; by 1982, Petrowska-Quilico had begun to perform the pieces live in her tours.
In the 1980s, Southam began developing an interest in music by American minimalists Terry Riley and Steve Reich. Her composition Glass Houses (1981) is constructed from short tonal units that combine and re-combine, creating an overall sense of lyricism.
In the 1990s Southam largely abandoned the electroacoustic compositional style and began creating instrumental works such as Song of the Varied Thrush (1991) for string quartet; Webster's Spin (1993) for string orchestra, and Full Circles (1996, rev. 2005).
Of her work and interest in incorporating feminism, Southam has said:
I was looking for a way of writing music that would have a feminist aesthetic, because what was thought of as feminist music back in those days was usually vocal music, and it would be the words that would give the feminist meaning. I wanted something where the very workings of the music would reflect a feminist aesthetic.
Southam found that minimalist, iterative compositions reminded her of "women's work" - repetitive, monotonous tasks such as knitting and cleaning that nevertheless sustain life.
Ann Southam worked for over thirty years with Christina Petrowska-Quilico on Rivers (2005), Pond Life (2008) and Glass Houses, which was revised by Southam in 2009 and by Petrowska-Quilico in 2010. These resulted in 6 CDs. Petrowska-Quilico also toured Rivers with the Toronto Dance Theatre in Toronto,at the Premiere Dance Theatre in the Harbourfront, Ottawa at the National Arts Centre, Halifax, St. John (New Brunswick), St. John's, Newfoundland and other cities.
Southam was first introduced to Eve Egoyan in 1998, when David Jaeger of the Canadian Electronic Ensemble suggested Egoyan play on a new recording he was producing. Southam worked on several collaborative projects with Eve Egoyan throughout the late '90s and early 2000s including: Qualities of Consonance (1998), Figures (2001), In Retrospect (2004), and Simple Lines of Enquiry (2008).
Southam received the Friends of Canadian Music Award in 2002.
In 2010, Southam was named a Member of the Order of Canada, but was too ill to attend the ceremony. The award recognizes her "for her contributions as one of Canada's prominent women composers, known for electronic, acoustic and orchestral works, and as a philanthropist and committed volunteer."
Ann Southam left $14 million to the Canadian Women's Foundation, creating the Ann Southam Empowerment Fund and investing in the Girls' Fund. This was, at the time, the largest private donation to a Canadian woman's organization.
Southam left five unfinished works that were intended to be performed by Eye Egoyan; Egoyan recorded and released the performances as 5: Music of Ann Southam in 2013. The disc is described as "a continuation of the composer’s fascination with very slow, kaleidoscopic transformation of sound using a few very simple chords inside of which a tone row gradually unfolds at the speed of a tulip blossom opening on a warm, sunny spring morning."
- Rhapsodic Interlude for Violin Alone (1963)
- Momentum (1967)
- Configurations (1973)
- CounterPlay (1973)
- Integruities (G. Arbour, M. Thompson) (1975)
- Interviews (Arbour, Thompson) (1976)
- Towards Green (1976)
- Waves (1976)
- Networks (1978)
- Re-tuning (1985)
- Quintet (1986)
- Alternate Currents, Percussion Music for Solo Performer (1987)
- Throughways: Improvising Music" (1988)
- Song of the Varied Thrush (1991)
- The Music So Far (1992)
- This Time (1992)
- Webster's Spin (1993)
- Full Circles (1996 rev. 2005)
- Music for Strings (2000)
- Figures: Music for Piano and String Orchestra (2001)
- Suite for Piano (1960)
- Four Bagatelles (1961)
- Three in Blue (1965)
- Quodlibet (1966)
- Five Pieces in a Jazz Manner (1970)
- Five Shades of Blue (1970)
- Rivers: Set 1 (1979); Set 2 (1979); Set 3 (1981)
- Cool Blue; Red Hot (1980)
- Four in Hand (1981)
- Glass Houses (1981)
- Soundings for a New Piano (1986)
- Spatial View of Pond (1986)
- In a Measure of Time (1988)
- Remembering Schubert (1993)
- Qualities of Consonance (1998)
- Two by Two (2000)
- In Retrospect (2004)
- Simple Lines of Enquiry (2008)
- Pond Life (2008)
- A Thread of Sand. (1969)
- Boat, River, Moon. (1972)
- Sky-Sails (1973)
- L'Assassin Menace. (1974)
- Mythic Journey. (1974)
- Walls and Passageways(1974)
- The Reprieve. (1975)
- Nighthawks. (1976)
- Rude Awakening. (1976)
- Soundplay. (1978)
- Seastill. (1979)
- The Story's Dream. (1980)
- The Emerging Ground. (1983)
- Rewind. (1984)
- Music for Slow Dancing. (1985)
- Goblin Market. (1986)
- Fluke Sound. (1989)
- 'Soundspinning. Christina Petrowska Quilico piano 2018 Centrediscs CMCCD 26018
- Canadian Music for Piano. Louise Bessette piano. 1993. CBC Records MVCD 1064
- Virtuoso Piano Music of Our Own Time. Christina Petrowska piano. 1993. JLH Lasersound JLH 1002 DDD
- Mystic Streams. Christina Petrowska Quilico piano. 1996. Welspringe CD WEL001
- Northern Sirens Christina Petrowska Quilico piano 1998 York Fine Arts YFA00999
- Seastill: The Electronic Music of Ann Southam. 1998. Furiant Records FMDC 4604-2
- Fluke Sound. Furiant Records FMDC 4677-2
- Glass Houses: Music of Ann Southam. Eve Egoyan piano, Stephen Clarke piano. 1999. CBC Records MVCD 1124
- Canadian Composer Portraits - Ann Southam. Christina Petrowska Quilico piano, Eitan Cornfield producer/narrator. 2005. Centrediscs CMCCD 10505 (3 CDs)
- Simple Lines of Enquiry. Eve Egoyan piano. 2009. Centrediscs CMCCD 14609
- Pond Life. Christina Petrowska Quilico piano. 2009. Centrediscs CMCCD 14109 (2 CDs)
- Glass Houses Revisited. Christina Petrowska Quilico piano. 2011. Centrediscs CMCCD 16511
- Glass Houses Volume 2 Christina Petrowska Quilico piano 2014. Centrediscs CMCCD 20114
- Glass Houses Complete Christina Petrowska Quilico piano 2015 Centrediscs CMCCD 22215
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- Graham, David (25 October 2011). "Musician Ann Southam leaves $14M to Canadian Women's Foundation". The Star. Toronto.
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- Anderson, C. "Choice and interpretation: Ann Southam in conversation with Carol Anderson." Musicworks, 46 (1990): 4–10.
- Báthory-Kitz, Dennis and David Gunn. "If Only I Could Sing: Ann Southam in Conversation with Kalvos and Damian." Musicworks 71 (Summer 1998). Online edition (Accessed 30 December 2007). Also published in "Ann Southam: If Only I Could Sing." eContact! 10.2 — Interviews (1) (July 2008). Montréal: CEC.
- Bernstein, Tamara. "Anne Southam," in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, edited by S. Sadie and J. Tyrrell. London: Macmillan, 2001.
- Egoyan, Eve. "Composition as Enquiry: the explorational music of Ann Southam." Musicworks 101, (2008): 38–45
- Everett-Green, Robert. "Ann Southam, a one woman tone poem" Globe and Mail. (July 9, 2009, R1)
- Lee, R. Andrew. "Anne Southam: Soundings for a New Piano" (1986). Streamed free from Irritable Hedgehog Music.
- MacMillan, R. Ann Southam. Don Mills, Ont.: PRO Canada, 1981.
- Mason, R. Ann Southam's new music (Throughways). Music Scene 367, (1989): 22.
- Poole, E. "Composer has a tough tone row to hoe." Globe and Mail (15 March 1997).
- Canadian Music Centre
- "Ann Southam" on CBC Music
- Finding Aid for the Ann Southam archives at the Banff Centre