Anna, Illinois

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Anna, Illinois
City
City of Anna
The Anna State Asylum, built in 1869 in the Kirkbride Plan was a rambling four-story structure, part of which was destroyed in separate incidents, but most of which is still standing as the central complex to the C.L. Choate Mental Health and Developmental Center.
The Anna State Asylum, built in 1869 in the Kirkbride Plan was a rambling four-story structure, part of which was destroyed in separate incidents, but most of which is still standing as the central complex to the C.L. Choate Mental Health and Developmental Center.
Official seal of Anna, Illinois
Seal
Anna, Illinois is located in Illinois
Anna, Illinois
Anna, Illinois
Coordinates: 37°27′40″N 89°14′20″W / 37.46111°N 89.23889°W / 37.46111; -89.23889Coordinates: 37°27′40″N 89°14′20″W / 37.46111°N 89.23889°W / 37.46111; -89.23889
Country  United States of America
State  Illinois
County  Union
Platted March 3, 1854 (1854-03-03)
Incorporated February 16, 1865
Government
 • Mayor Steve Hartline
Area
 • Total 3.52 sq mi (9.1 km2)
 • Land 3.50 sq mi (9.1 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 610 ft (190 m)
Population (2014)
 • Total 4,331
 • Density 1,200/sq mi (480/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 62906
Area code(s) 618
Website www.cityofanna.org

Anna is a city in Union County, Illinois. Located in Southern Illinois, the population was 4,442 at the 2010 United States Census, a decline from 5,135 in 2000. The city is known for being tied to its close neighbor Jonesboro, together known as Anna-Jonesboro. Anna is renowned for the Anna State Mental Hospital or the Choate Mental Health Care Center.

History[edit]

Anna was platted on March 3, 1854.[1] The city was incorporated on February 16, 1865.[2]

Anna was historically a sundown town, in which African Americans were excluded from living in the town's limits. In 1909, a mob of angry white citizens drove out Anna's black families following the lynching in a nearby town of a black man accused of raping a white woman.[3] According to Historian James Loewen, a common adage in the town was that its name of "Anna" was actually an acronym, standing for "Ain't No Niggers Allowed".[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Anna is located at 37°27′40″N 89°14′20″W / 37.46111°N 89.23889°W / 37.46111; -89.23889.[6]

According to the 2010 census, Anna has a total area of 3.519 square miles (9.11 km2), of which 3.5 square miles (9.06 km2) (or 99.46%) is land and 0.019 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 0.54%) is water.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 769
1870 1,269 65.0%
1880 1,494 17.7%
1890 2,295 53.6%
1900 2,618 14.1%
1910 2,809 7.3%
1920 3,019 7.5%
1930 3,436 13.8%
1940 4,092 19.1%
1950 4,380 7.0%
1960 4,280 −2.3%
1970 4,766 11.4%
1980 5,408 13.5%
1990 4,805 −11.2%
2000 5,136 6.9%
2010 4,442 −13.5%
Est. 2014 4,331 [8] −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 4,442 people, 1,893 households and 1,097 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,269.1 people per square mile. There were 2,123 housing units at an average density of 606.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.7% White, 1.1% African American, 0.6% American Indian and Alaskan Native, 0.4% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and .9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino (of any race) were 2.9% of the population.

There were 1,893 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present and 42.0% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% aged 19 and younger, 7.0% from 20 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,602, the median income for a family was $44,420. The amount of people whose income was below the poverty level was 20.2% of the population. (2013)[11]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lam, Howard (1954). 100 Years of Progress: The Centennial History of Anna, Illinois. Anna, Ill: Anna Centennial Committee. OCLC 9349651. 
  2. ^ Illinois Regional Archives Depository System. "Name Index to Illinois Local Governments". Illinois State Archives. Illinois Secretary of State. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Wexler, Laura. "Darkness on the Edge of Town". Washington Post. Washington Post. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  4. ^ James W. Loewen. "Sundown Towns". Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Noah Berlatsky. "America After Dark". Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Anna
  7. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-25. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 2015. 
  11. ^ "United States Census Bureau". 2009–2013. 
  12. ^ "Robert Davidson, obituary". Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  13. ^ "Zeke Davidson (1923–2003): Actor". Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  14. ^ "Ray W. Fuller, David T. Wong, and Bryan B. Molloy". Chemical Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Starr quality: Former child actor Jeff Starr now lives and works in Anna, Ill.". Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  16. ^ "Jeffrey Louis Starr: Actor". Retrieved 2013-08-26. 

External links[edit]