Anna, Texas

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Anna, Texas
Motto(s): 
"Y{our} Hometown"
Location of Anna in Collin County, Texas
Location of Anna in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°21′1″N 96°33′3″W / 33.35028°N 96.55083°W / 33.35028; -96.55083Coordinates: 33°21′1″N 96°33′3″W / 33.35028°N 96.55083°W / 33.35028; -96.55083
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyCollin
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorNate Pike
 • City ManagerJim Proce
 • City AttorneyClark McCoy
Area
 • Total14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Land14.1 sq mi (36.4 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation
712 ft (217 m)
Population
(2016)[1]
 • Total12,753
 • Estimate 
(2014)[2]
10,571
 • Density752/sq mi (290.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75409
Area code(s)972
FIPS code48-03300
GNIS feature ID1351131[3]
Websitewww.annatexas.gov

Anna is a city in Collin County, Texas, United States. The population was 12,753 at the 2016 census,[4] with an estimated population in 2014 of 10,571.[2]

Geography[edit]

Anna is located in northern Collin County at 33°21′01″N 96°33′03″W / 33.350308°N 96.550762°W / 33.350308; -96.550762.[5] The U.S. Route 75 freeway passes through the west side of the city and leads 45 miles (72 km) southwest to the center of Dallas and 32 miles (51 km) north to Denison.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Anna has a total area of 14.1 square miles (36.6 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (36.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.46%, is water.[6] According to the City of Anna website, the city has a total area of approximately 15 square miles (39 km2) in its city limits and approximately 60 square miles (160 km2) in its planning area.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920538
1930467−13.2%
19405099.0%
19505253.1%
196063921.7%
197073615.2%
198085516.2%
19909045.7%
20001,22535.5%
20108,249573.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

As of the 2016 census, there were 12,753 people, 3,282 households residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 90.9.% White, 5.6% African American, 0.9% Native American, 1% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.2% of the population.

The percentage of population under the age of 19 was 35.8%, 13.7% from 20 to 29, 27.9% from 30 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 65, and 5.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years.

The male population accounts for 49.4% and the female 50.6%.

The median income for a household in the city was $76,198. The per capita income for the city was $23,354. About 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line.[10]

History[edit]

Following the American Civil War, the Houston and Texas Central Railway resumed laying track north from Corsicana and passed through the area in 1873. By the time Anna was platted in 1883, it had a population of 20, two stores, a steam gristmill, and a Baptist church. A post office also opened in that year. In 1885, the railroad built a depot.

By 1890 the town had a population of nearly 200. Anna was incorporated in 1913, with Matt McAllister as first mayor.

Local historian Chester A. Howell compiled a brief history of Anna for inclusion in a book that was given to those who attended the Anna school homecoming on October 19, 1985. A one-page "errata" to correct some minor errors was added in 1989. Mr. Howell's history, A Town Named Anna, is one of the most authoritative and complete descriptions of the history of the community.

A. Sherley and Brothers Hardware Store[edit]

Lewis and Pauline Sherley moved to north Texas from Kentucky about 1853. When the town of Anna was established in 1872, their grandsons, brothers Andrew and Fred Sherley, opened a hardware store. In 1894 they built this structure to house the business. It remained in the family after the store closed in 1979. Over time they were undertakers as well as purveyors of furniture, farming implements and machinery, wagons, cotton, grain and groceries. Wagon-weighing scales in front of the building were removed when the road was widened. The structure is a fine example of an early Texas commercial building, retaining the original canopy and painted signs.Minimal Victorian-era detailing includes corbelled brickwork in the parapet and paneled kickplates on storefront display windows.

Lewis and Pauline Sherley moved to north Texas from Kentucky about 1853. When the town of Anna was established in 1872, their grandsons, brothers Andrew and Fred Sherley, opened a hardware store. In 1894 they built this structure to house the business. It remained in the family after the store closed in 1979. Over time they were undertakers as well as purveyors of furniture, farming implements and machinery, wagons, cotton, grain and groceries. Wagon-weighing scales in front of the building were removed when the road was widened. The structure is a fine example of an early Texas commercial building, retaining the original canopy and painted signs. Minimal Victorian-era detailing includes corbelled brickwork in the parapet and paneled kickplates on storefront display windows.

First Christian Church of Anna[edit]

Liberty Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), one of the earliest Christian Churches in Texas, was founded in northern Collin County by pioneer settlers Collin McKinney and J.B. Wilmeth in 1846. In 1854 a Christian seminary was established by members of the Liberty congregation about two miles northwest of Anna in the (then) newly established community of Mantua.

Liberty Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), one of the earliest Christian Churches in Texas, was founded in northern Collin County by pioneer settlers Collin McKinney and J.B. Wilmeth in 1846. In 1854 a Christian seminary was established by members of the Liberty congregation about two miles northwest of Anna in the (then) newly established community of Mantua.

The Houston and Texas Central Railway extended its track in a north-south route several miles east of Mantua in 1872. Mantua soon declined in favor of the new railroad towns of Van Alstyne (Grayson County) and Anna which developed here in early 1880s.

According to local tradition Mantua's Christian congregation split between the two new communities. Former Mantua church members and early Anna resident Rebecca Sherley helped organize the First Christian Church of Anna in 1882. The Rev. Alf Douglas served as first Pastor. Services were held in the Sherley home until it burned in 1886. About 1890 the sanctuary was built here at the site of the former Sherley home. Major additions to the rear of the sanctuary were completed in 1949.

Tornado Storm[edit]

On May 9, 2006, a storm producing two tornadoes swept across Anna, with the first tornado (F0) passing 2.5 miles (4.0 km) east of the high school, barely missing the incorporated city limits. The second tornado (F3) touched down in neighboring Westminster and Whitewright, destroying many homes and killing three. During the disaster, several volunteers from Collin County Amateur Radio Services worked with the National Weather Service in a Skywarn net. The Anna police and fire departments along with the American Red Cross opened Anna High School up as a shelter to the "walking wounded" and anyone who needed a place to stay due to the road blockages and damage in that area. The tornadoes could be seen from Anna, Van Alstyne, and Melissa, and power was knocked out to several homes in the area.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen climate classification system describes the weather as humid subtropical, Cfa.[11]

Climate data for Anna, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13
(55)
14
(58)
20
(68)
26
(78)
29
(84)
36
(96)
36
(96)
36
(96)
31
(88)
26
(79)
19
(66)
12
(53)
24
(76)
Average low °C (°F) 0
(32)
1
(33)
6
(43)
10
(50)
16
(60)
20
(68)
21
(69)
21
(69)
18
(64)
11
(52)
6
(42)
−1
(31)
11
(51)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56
(2.2)
71
(2.8)
84
(3.3)
81
(3.2)
140
(5.7)
120
(4.6)
64
(2.5)
51
(2)
99
(3.9)
120
(4.7)
86
(3.4)
76
(3)
1,050
(41.2)
Source: Weatherbase [12]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State and County Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2016 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Anna city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Anna city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  7. ^ City of Anna official website
  8. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  10. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/annacitytexas,US/PST120217
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Anna, Texas
  12. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on September 6, 2013.

External links[edit]