Anna, Texas

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Anna, Texas
Motto(s): 
"Your Hometown"
Location of Anna in Collin County, Texas
Location of Anna in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°21′1″N 96°33′3″W / 33.35028°N 96.55083°W / 33.35028; -96.55083Coordinates: 33°21′1″N 96°33′3″W / 33.35028°N 96.55083°W / 33.35028; -96.55083
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyCollin
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorNate Pike
 • City ManagerJim Proce
 • City AttorneyClark McCoy
Area
 • Total16.53 sq mi (42.82 km2)
 • Land16.45 sq mi (42.59 km2)
 • Water0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
Elevation
712 ft (217 m)
Population
 • Total16,896
 • Density912.13/sq mi (352.18/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
75409
Area codes972, 469
FIPS code48-03300
GNIS feature ID1351131[3]
Websitewww.annatexas.gov

Anna is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. Located in Collin County, its population was 16,896 at the 2020 U.S. census.[4]

History[edit]

Following the American Civil War, the Houston and Texas Central Railway resumed laying track north from Corsicana and passed through the area in 1872. By the time Anna was platted in 1883, it had a population of 20, two stores, a steam gristmill, and a Baptist church. A post office also opened in that year. In 1885, the railroad built a depot.

By 1890 the town had a population of nearly 200. Anna was incorporated in 1913, with John L. Greer as first mayor.

Local historian Chester A. Howell compiled a brief history of Anna for inclusion in a book, A Town Named Anna,[5] that was given to those who attended the Anna school homecoming on October 19, 1985. A one-page list of errata to correct some minor errors was added in 1989. In 2019, the Anna Area Historical Preservation Society published, The Spark That Ignited The Town Of Anna (ISBN 9781799137610), a collection of stories and pictures of early Anna, Texas.

First Christian Church of Anna[edit]

First Christian Church of Anna (née, Liberty Christian Church), one of the earliest Christian Churches in Texas, was founded by pioneer settlers Collin McKinney and J.B. Wilmeth in 1846.

Liberty Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), one of the earliest Christian Churches in Texas, was founded in northern Collin County by pioneer settlers Collin McKinney and J. B. Wilmeth in 1846. In 1854, a Christian seminary was established by members of the Liberty congregation about two miles northwest of Anna in the (then) newly established community of Mantua.

The Houston and Texas Central Railway extended its track in a north–south route several miles east of Mantua in 1872. Mantua soon declined in favor of the new railroad towns of Van Alstyne (Grayson County) and Anna which developed here in early 1880s.

According to local tradition Mantua's Christian congregation split between the two new communities. Former Mantua church members and early Anna resident Rebecca Sherley helped organize the First Christian Church of Anna in 1882. The Rev. Alf Douglas served as first Pastor. Services were held in the Sherley home until it burned in 1886. About 1890 the sanctuary was built here at the site of the former Sherley home. Major additions to the rear of the sanctuary were completed in 1949.

A. Sherley and Brother Hardware Store[edit]

A. Sherley and Brother Hardware Store

Lewis and Pauline Sherley moved to north Texas from Kentucky about 1853. When the town of Anna was established in 1872, their grandsons, brothers Andrew and William Sherley, opened a hardware store. In 1894 they built this structure to house the business. William Sherley died in 1894 and, his son, Fred bought out his father's share of the store. It remained in the family after the store closed in 1979. Over time they were undertakers as well as purveyors of furniture, farming implements and machinery, wagons, cotton, grain and groceries. Wagon-weighing scales in front of the building were removed when the road was widened. The structure is a fine example of an early Texas commercial building, retaining the original canopy and painted signs. Minimal Victorian-era detailing includes corbelled brickwork in the parapet and paneled kickplates on storefront display windows.

Tornado[edit]

On May 9, 2006, a storm producing two tornadoes swept across Anna, with the first tornado (F0) passing 2.5 miles (4.0 km) east of the high school, barely missing the incorporated city limits. The second tornado (F3) touched down in neighboring Westminster and Whitewright, destroying many homes and killing three. During the disaster, several volunteers from Collin County Amateur Radio Services worked with the National Weather Service in a Skywarn net. The Anna police and fire departments along with the American Red Cross opened Anna High School up as a shelter to the "walking wounded" and anyone who needed a place to stay due to the road blockages and damage in that area. The tornadoes could be seen from Anna, Van Alstyne, and Melissa, and power was knocked out to several homes in the area.

Geography[edit]

Anna is located in northern Collin County at 33°21′01″N 96°33′03″W / 33.350308°N 96.550762°W / 33.350308; -96.550762.[6] U.S. Route 75 freeway passes through the west side of the city and leads 45 miles (72 km) southwest to the center of Dallas and 32 miles (51 km) north to Denison.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Anna has a total area of 14.1 square miles (36.6 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (36.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.46%, is water.[7] According to the City of Anna website, the city has a total area of approximately 15 square miles (39 km2) in its city limits and approximately 60 square miles (160 km2) in its planning area.[8]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen climate classification system describes the weather as humid subtropical, Cfa.

Climate data for Anna, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13
(55)
14
(58)
20
(68)
26
(78)
29
(84)
36
(96)
36
(96)
36
(96)
31
(88)
26
(79)
19
(66)
12
(53)
24
(76)
Average low °C (°F) 0
(32)
1
(33)
6
(43)
10
(50)
16
(60)
20
(68)
21
(69)
21
(69)
18
(64)
11
(52)
6
(42)
−1
(31)
11
(51)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56
(2.2)
71
(2.8)
84
(3.3)
81
(3.2)
140
(5.7)
120
(4.6)
64
(2.5)
51
(2)
99
(3.9)
120
(4.7)
86
(3.4)
76
(3)
1,050
(41.2)
Source: Weatherbase [9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920538
1930467−13.2%
19405099.0%
19505253.1%
196063921.7%
197073615.2%
198085516.2%
19909045.7%
20001,22535.5%
20108,249573.4%
202016,896104.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[11]

2020 census[edit]

Anna racial composition[12]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 9,452 55.94%
Black or African American (NH) 2,080 12.31%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 89 0.53%
Asian (NH) 353 2.09%
Pacific Islander (NH) 18 0.11%
Some Other Race (NH) 95 0.56%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 879 5.2%
Hispanic or Latino 3,930 23.26%
Total 16,896

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 16,896 people, 4,450 households, and 3,792 families residing in the city.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "State and County Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 27, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "2020 Race and Population Totals". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2021-11-06. Retrieved 2021-11-06.
  5. ^ A Town Named Anna
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Anna city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  8. ^ City of Anna official website
  9. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on September 6, 2013.
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-22.
  13. ^ www.census.gov
  14. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[13][14]

External links[edit]